在ASP.NET中访问DataGrid中所有控件的值

转载 2006年06月15日 14:29:00

<%@ Page Language="vb" AutoEventWireup="false" Codebehind="DataGridAccessValues.aspx.vb"
 Inherits="aspxWeb.DataGridAccessValues"%>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
<HTML>
<HEAD>
</HEAD>
<body>
<form runat="server" ID="Form1">
<asp:DataGrid id="MyDataGrid" runat="server" Width ="100%" AutoGenerateColumns="False">
<ItemStyle verticalalign="Top"></ItemStyle>
<Columns>
<asp:BoundColumn DataField="Name" HeaderText="Name"></asp:BoundColumn>
<asp:TemplateColumn HeaderText="Age">
  <ItemTemplate>
    <asp:TextBox id="AgeField" Columns="5" Text='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem,"Age") %>'
  runat="server"></asp:TextBox>
  </ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateColumn>
<asp:TemplateColumn HeaderText="Graduate">
  <ItemTemplate>
    <asp:CheckBox id="IsGraduateField" Checked='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem,"IsGraduate") %>'
   runat="server"></asp:CheckBox>
  </ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateColumn>
<asp:TemplateColumn HeaderText="Skills">
  <ItemTemplate>
    <asp:CheckBoxList id="CheckBoxList1" runat="server">
      <asp:ListItem Value="C#" Selected="true">C#</asp:ListItem>
      <asp:ListItem Value="C++">C++</asp:ListItem>
      <asp:ListItem Value="VB">VB</asp:ListItem>
      <asp:ListItem Value="SQL Server" Selected="true">SQL Server</asp:ListItem>
    </asp:CheckBoxList>
  </ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateColumn>
<asp:TemplateColumn HeaderText="Experience">
  <ItemTemplate>
    <asp:RadioButtonList id="RadioButtonList1" runat="server">
      <asp:ListItem Value="1">1 Year</asp:ListItem>
      <asp:ListItem Value="3">3 Year</asp:ListItem>
      <asp:ListItem Value="5" Selected="true">5 Year</asp:ListItem>
      <asp:ListItem Value="10">10 Year</asp:ListItem>
    </asp:RadioButtonList>
  </ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateColumn>
<asp:TemplateColumn HeaderText="Degree">
  <ItemTemplate>
    <asp:DropDownList id="DropDownList1" runat="server">
      <asp:ListItem Value="HighSchool">HighSchool</asp:ListItem>
      <asp:ListItem Value="Graduate" Selected="true">Graduate</asp:ListItem>
      <asp:ListItem Value="Masters">Masters</asp:ListItem>
      <asp:ListItem Value="PHD">PHD</asp:ListItem>
    </asp:DropDownList>
  </ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateColumn>
</Columns>
</asp:DataGrid>
<br>
<asp:Button id="GetValues" onclick="GetValues_Click" runat="server" Text="GetValues"></asp:Button>
<br>
<asp:Label id="ResultField" runat="server"></asp:Label>
</form>
</body>
</HTML>

后端代码:
Imports System.Collections

Public Class DataGridAccessValues
  Inherits System.Web.UI.Page
  Protected WithEvents MyDataGrid As System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGrid
  Protected WithEvents GetValues As System.Web.UI.WebControls.Button
  Protected WithEvents ResultField As System.Web.UI.WebControls.Label

#Region " Web 窗体设计器生成的代码 "

  '该调用是 Web 窗体设计器所必需的。
  <System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThrough()> Private Sub InitializeComponent()

  End Sub

  Private Sub Page_Init(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Init
    'CODEGEN: 此方法调用是 Web 窗体设计器所必需的
    '不要使用代码编辑器修改它。
    InitializeComponent()
  End Sub

#End Region
  Public Sub GetValues_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles GetValues.Click
    Dim Result As String = ""
    Dim dataGridItem As DataGridItem
    For Each dataGridItem In MyDataGrid.Items
      Dim Name As String = dataGridItem.Cells(0).Text

      Dim AgeField As TextBox = dataGridItem.FindControl("AgeField")
      Dim Age As Integer = System.Convert.ToInt64(AgeField.Text).ToString()

      Dim IsGraduateField As CheckBox = dataGridItem.FindControl("IsGraduateField")
      Dim IsGraduate As Boolean = IsGraduateField.Checked
      Dim Skills As String = ""
      Dim item As ListItem
      Dim CheckBoxList1 As CheckBoxList = dataGridItem.FindControl("CheckBoxList1")
      For Each item In CheckBoxList1.Items
        If item.Selected Then
          Skills = Skills + item.Value + ","
        End If
      Next
      Skills = Skills.TrimEnd(",")

      Dim RadioButtonList1 As RadioButtonList = dataGridItem.FindControl("RadioButtonList1")
      Dim Experience As String = RadioButtonList1.SelectedItem.Text
      Dim DropDownList1 As DropDownList = dataGridItem.FindControl("DropDownList1")
      Dim Degree As String = DropDownList1.SelectedItem.Text
      Result = Result + Name
      Result = Result + "[年龄:" + Age.ToString() + "]"
      Result += " "
      If IsGraduate Then
        Result += "已经毕业 , "
      Else
        Result += "没有毕业 , "
      End If
      Result += "技能:" + Skills + " , "
      Result += "经验: " + Experience + " , 和 "
      Result += "学位: " + Degree + "。"
      Result += "<br>"
    Next
    ResultField.Text = Result
  End Sub
  Private Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load
    '在此处放置初始化页的用户代码
    If Not Page.IsPostBack Then
      Dim data As ArrayList = New ArrayList()
      data.Add(New Person("Net_lover", 33, True))
      data.Add(New Person("孟子E章", 28, True))
      data.Add(New Person("精彩世界", 20, False))
      data.Add(New Person("XML开发", 27, True))
      MyDataGrid.DataSource = data
      MyDataGrid.DataBind()
    End If
  End Sub
End Class

Public Class Person
  Private _Name As String
  Private _Age As Integer
  Private _IsGraduate As Boolean

  Public Sub New(ByVal Name As String, ByVal Age As Integer, ByVal IsGraduate As Boolean)
    _Name = Name
    _Age = Age
    _IsGraduate = IsGraduate
  End Sub

  Public Property Name() As String
    Get
      Return _Name
    End Get
    Set(ByVal Value As String)
      _Name = Value
    End Set
  End Property

  Public Property Age() As Integer
    Get
      Return _Age
    End Get
    Set(ByVal Value As Integer)
      _Age = Value
    End Set
  End Property

  Public Property IsGraduate() As Boolean
    Get
      Return _IsGraduate
    End Get
    Set(ByVal Value As Boolean)
      _IsGraduate = Value
    End Set
  End Property
End Class

C#例子代码:
<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ import Namespace="System.Collections" %>
<script runat="server">

void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) {

if(!Page.IsPostBack){
ArrayList data = new ArrayList();
data.Add(new Person("Tom",33,true));
data.Add(new Person("Jhon",39,false));
data.Add(new Person("Mark",20,false));
data.Add(new Person("Linda",27,true));

MyDataGrid.DataSource = data;
MyDataGrid.DataBind();
}

}


void GetValues_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e) {
String Result = "";
foreach(DataGridItem dataGridItem in MyDataGrid.Items){
//Get name from cell[0]
String Name = dataGridItem.Cells[0].Text;
//Get text from textbox in cell[1]
String Age = ((TextBox)dataGridItem.FindControl("AgeField")).Text;
//Get Checked property of Checkbox control
bool IsGraduate = ((CheckBox)dataGridItem.FindControl("IsGraduateField")).Checked;

// get Values from Checkboxlist
String Skills = "";
foreach(ListItem item in ((CheckBoxList)dataGridItem.FindControl("CheckBoxList1")).Items){
if (item.Selected){
Skills += item.Value + ",";
}
}
Skills = Skills.TrimEnd(',');

//Get RadioButtonList Selected text
String Experience = ((RadioButtonList)dataGridItem.FindControl("RadioButtonList1")).SelectedItem.Text;

//Get DropDownList Selected text
String Degree = ((DropDownList)dataGridItem.FindControl("DropDownList1")).SelectedItem.Text;

// Build String to show result.
Result += Name;
Result += " [Age -" + Age + "] ";

if (IsGraduate){
Result += "Is Graduate , ";
}else{
Result += "Is not Graduate , ";
}

Result += "Has Skills[" + Skills + "] , ";

Result += "Has " + Experience + " Experience , And " ;

Result += "Has " + Degree + " Degree." ;

Result += "<br>";
}
ResultField.Text = Result;
}


class Person{
String _Name;
int _Age;
bool _IsGraduate;
public Person(String name,int age, bool isGraduate){
_Name = name;
_Age = age;
_IsGraduate = isGraduate;
}
public String Name{
get{return _Name;}
}
public int Age{
get{return _Age;}
}
public bool IsGraduate{
get{return _IsGraduate;}
}
}

</script>
<html>
<head>
</head>
<body>
<form runat="server">
<asp:DataGrid id="MyDataGrid" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False">
<ItemStyle verticalalign="Top"></ItemStyle>
<Columns>
<asp:BoundColumn DataField="Name" HeaderText="Name"></asp:BoundColumn>
<asp:TemplateColumn HeaderText="Age">
<ItemTemplate>
<asp:TextBox id="AgeField" Columns="5" Text='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem,"Age") %>'
 runat="server"></asp:TextBox>
</ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateColumn>
<asp:TemplateColumn HeaderText="Graduate">
<ItemTemplate>
<asp:CheckBox id="IsGraduateField" Checked='<%# (bool)DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem,"IsGraduate") %>'
 runat="server"></asp:CheckBox>
</ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateColumn>
<asp:TemplateColumn HeaderText="Skills">
<ItemTemplate>
<asp:CheckBoxList id="CheckBoxList1" runat="server" >
<asp:ListItem Value="C#" Selected="true">C#</asp:ListItem>
<asp:ListItem Value="C++">C++</asp:ListItem>
<asp:ListItem Value="VB">VB</asp:ListItem>
<asp:ListItem Value="SQL Server" Selected="true">SQL Server</asp:ListItem>
</asp:CheckBoxList>
</ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateColumn>
<asp:TemplateColumn HeaderText="Experience">
<ItemTemplate>
<asp:RadioButtonList id="RadioButtonList1" runat="server" >
<asp:ListItem Value="1" Selected="true">Less then 1 Year</asp:ListItem>
<asp:ListItem Value="3">Less then 3 Year</asp:ListItem>
<asp:ListItem Value="5">Less then 5 Year</asp:ListItem>
<asp:ListItem Value="10">Less then 10 Year</asp:ListItem>
</asp:RadioButtonList>
</ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateColumn>
<asp:TemplateColumn HeaderText="Degree">
<ItemTemplate>
<asp:DropDownList id="DropDownList1" runat="server" >
<asp:ListItem Value="HighSchool" >HighSchool</asp:ListItem>
<asp:ListItem Value="Graduate" Selected="true">Graduate</asp:ListItem>
<asp:ListItem Value="Masters">Masters</asp:ListItem>
<asp:ListItem Value="PHD">PHD</asp:ListItem>
</asp:DropDownList>
</ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateColumn>
</Columns>
</asp:DataGrid>
<br />
<asp:Button id="GetValues" onclick="GetValues_Click" runat="server" Text="GetValues"></asp:Button>
<br />
<asp:Label id="ResultField" runat="server"></asp:Label>
</form>
</body>
</HTML>

 

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