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格式化DataGrid的例子【将数据源中的0,1值或者逻辑值转换成实际的文字】

标签: datagridmanagerdatasetstringobjectasp
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="gb2312" standalone="yes"?>
<Contacts>
  <Contact>
    <Email>myaddress@mycompany.com</Email>
    <FirstName>E章</FirstName>
    <LastName>孟子</LastName>
    <Manager>0</Manager>
  </Contact>
  <Contact>
    <Email>youraddress@yourcompany.com</Email>
    <FirstName>宪会</FirstName>
    <LastName>孟</LastName>
    <Manager>1</Manager>
  </Contact>
  <Contact>
    <Email>mm@mmm.mm</Email>
    <FirstName>Lover</FirstName>
    <LastName>Net</LastName>
    <Manager>0</Manager>
  </Contact>
  <Contact>
    <Email>xxx@xxxx.xx</Email>
    <FirstName>NET开发者园地</FirstName>
    <LastName/>
    <Manager>0</Manager>
  </Contact>
  <Contact>
    <Email>hhh@hhh.hh</Email>
    <FirstName>XML开发者园地</FirstName>
    <LastName/>
    <Manager>1</Manager>
  </Contact>
</Contacts>


FormatDataGridVB.aspx

<%@ Page Language="vb" AutoEventWireup="false" Codebehind="FormatDataGridVB.aspx.vb"
 Inherits="aspxWeb.FormatDataGridVB" %>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" >
<HTML>
  <HEAD>
    <meta name="GENERATOR" Content="Microsoft Visual Studio 7.0">
    <meta name="CODE_LANGUAGE" Content="C#">
    <meta name="vs_defaultClientScript" content="JavaScript">
    <meta name="vs_targetSchema" content="http://schemas.microsoft.com/intellisense/ie5">
  </HEAD>
  <body>
    <form id="idbSample" method="post" runat="server" class="SubHeading">
      <asp:Label ID="MyTitle" runat="server" Font-Bold="True"></asp:Label>
      <br>
      <br>
      <asp:DataGrid id="FormatDataGrid" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" Width="100%">
        <HeaderStyle Font-Bold="True"></HeaderStyle>
        <Columns>
          <asp:TemplateColumn>
            <ItemTemplate>
             <asp:Label
             Text='<%# FormatFullName(DataBinder.Eval(Container, "DataItem.FirstName"),_
     DataBinder.Eval(Container, "DataItem.LastName")) %>'
      runat="server" ID="Label1">
              </asp:Label>
            </ItemTemplate>
          </asp:TemplateColumn>
          <asp:BoundColumn DataField="Email" ReadOnly="True"></asp:BoundColumn>
          <asp:BoundColumn DataField="Manager" ReadOnly="True">
            <HeaderStyle HorizontalAlign="Center"></HeaderStyle>
            <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Center"></ItemStyle>
          </asp:BoundColumn>
        </Columns>
      </asp:DataGrid>
    </form>
  </body>
</HTML>

FormatDataGridVB.aspx.vb

Imports System
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Web.UI
Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls
Imports System.Xml

Public Class FormatDataGridVB
  Inherits System.Web.UI.Page
  Protected WithEvents FormatDataGrid As System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGrid
  Protected WithEvents MyTitle As System.Web.UI.WebControls.Label

#Region " Web 窗体设计器生成的代码 "
  '该调用是 Web 窗体设计器所必需的。
  <System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThrough()> Private Sub InitializeComponent()

  End Sub

  Private Sub Page_Init(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Init
    'CODEGEN: 此方法调用是 Web 窗体设计器所必需的
    '不要使用代码编辑器修改它。
    InitializeComponent()
  End Sub

#End Region

  Private _dsContacts As DataSet

  Private Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load
    MyTitle.Text = "格式化DataGrid的例子【将数据原中的0,1值转换成实际的文字】"
    FormatDataGrid.Columns(0).HeaderText = "姓名"
    FormatDataGrid.Columns(1).HeaderText = "电子邮件"
    FormatDataGrid.Columns(2).HeaderText = "职位"
    ' 装载XML数据原,注意:这里与数据原类型没有关系,换成数据库也是适用的
    _dsContacts = New DataSet()
    _dsContacts.ReadXml(Server.MapPath("Contacts.xml"))
    Dim dcPk As DataColumn() = {_dsContacts.Tables("Contact").Columns("Email")}
    _dsContacts.Tables("Contact").PrimaryKey = dcPk

    If Not Page.IsPostBack Then
      ' 只在页面首次请求时才进行数据绑定
      BindContacts()
    End If
  End Sub

  Private Sub BindContacts()
    Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(_dsContacts.Tables("Contact"))
    dv.Sort = "LastName, FirstName"
    FormatDataGrid.DataSource = dv
    FormatDataGrid.DataBind()
  End Sub

  Protected Function FormatFullName(ByVal FirstName As Object, ByVal LastName As Object) As String
    '  格式划名称列
    Return CType(LastName, String) & "." & CType(FirstName, String)
  End Function

  Private Sub FormatDataGrid_ItemDataBound(ByVal sender As Object,_
   ByVal e As System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridItemEventArgs) Handles FormatDataGrid.ItemDataBound

    ' 确保处理的是数据行,而不是Header或者Footer
    If e.Item.ItemType = ListItemType.Item OrElse e.Item.ItemType = ListItemType.AlternatingItem Then
      '  得到Manager字段的值
      Dim isManager As String = CType(DataBinder.Eval(e.Item.DataItem, "Manager"), String)

      If isManager = "1" Then
        '  设定文字和背景颜色
        e.Item.Cells(2).Text = "经理"
        e.Item.Cells(2).Style.Add("font-weight", "bold")
        e.Item.Cells(2).ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red
        e.Item.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.AliceBlue
      Else
        e.Item.Cells(2).Text = "普通员工"
      End If
    End If
  End Sub
End Class

C#版本

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.SessionState;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;

 /// <summary>
 /// Summary description for idbSample.
 /// </summary>
 public class idbSample : System.Web.UI.Page
 {
 
  #region Web Form Designer generated code
  override protected void OnInit(EventArgs e)
  {
   //
   // CODEGEN: This call is required by the ASP.NET Web Form Designer.
   //
   InitializeComponent();
   base.OnInit(e);
  }
  
  /// <summary>
  /// Required method for Designer support - do not modify
  /// the contents of this method with the code editor.
  /// </summary>
  private void InitializeComponent()
  {   
      this.dgContacts.ItemDataBound +=
  new System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridItemEventHandler(this.dgContacts_ItemDataBound);
      this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.Page_Load);

    }
  #endregion

    protected System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGrid FormatDataGrid;
 
    private DataSet _dsContacts;

    private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
      // 装载XML数据原,注意:这里与数据原类型没有关系,换成数据库也是适用的
      _dsContacts = new DataSet();
      _dsContacts.ReadXml(Server.MapPath("Contacts.xml"));
      DataColumn[] dcPk = {_dsContacts.Tables["Contact"].Columns["Email"]};
      _dsContacts.Tables["Contact"].PrimaryKey = dcPk;

      if (!Page.IsPostBack )
      {
        BindContacts();
      }
    }

    private void BindContacts()
    {
      DataView dv = new DataView(_dsContacts.Tables["Contact"]);
      dv.Sort = "LastName, FirstName";
      dgContacts.DataSource = dv;
      dgContacts.DataBind();
    }

    protected string FormatFullName(object FirstName, object LastName)
    {
      //  格式划名称列
      return (string)LastName + ", " + (string)FirstName;
    }

    protected void FormatDataGrid_ItemDataBound(object source,
 System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridItemEventArgs e)
    {
      //  确保处理的是数据行,而不是Header或者Footer
      if (e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.Item || e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.AlternatingItem)
      {
        //  得到Manager字段的值
        string isManager = (string)DataBinder.Eval(e.Item.DataItem, "Manager");

        if (isManager == "1")
        {
          // '  设定文字和背景颜色
        e.Item.Cells[2].Text = "经理"
        e.Item.Cells[2].Style.Add("font-weight", "bold")
        e.Item.Cells[2].ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red
        e.Item.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.AliceBlue
        }
        else
        {
          e.Item.Cells[2].Text = "普通员工";
        }
      }
    }
  }

 

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