在Win9x/NT下获取硬盘物理序列号

转载 2006年06月18日 23:17:00
#include <WinIOCtl.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#pragma inline
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// IDE NT/2000/XP专用变量
#define GETVERSIONOUTPARAMS     GETVERSIONINPARAMS
#define DFP_GET_VERSION         SMART_GET_VERSION
#define DFP_SEND_DRIVE_COMMAND  SMART_SEND_DRIVE_COMMAND
#define DFP_RCV_DRIVE_DATA      SMART_RCV_DRIVE_DATA

const WORD IDE_ATAPI_IDENTIFY = 0xA1;   // 读取ATAPI设备的命令
const WORD IDE_ATA_IDENTIFY   = 0xEC;   // 读取ATA设备的命令

const int MAX_IDE_DRIVES = 4;

// SCSI专用变量
const DWORD FILE_DEVICE_SCSI             = 0x0000001B;
const DWORD IOCTL_SCSI_MINIPORT_IDENTIFY = ((FILE_DEVICE_SCSI << 16) + 0x0501);
const DWORD IOCTL_SCSI_MINIPORT          = 0x0004D008; // see NTDDSCSI.H for definition
const DWORD SENDIDLENGTH  = sizeof(SENDCMDOUTPARAMS) + IDENTIFY_BUFFER_SIZE;

typedef struct _SRB_IO_CONTROL
{
    ULONG HeaderLength;
    UCHAR Signature[8];
    ULONG Timeout;
    ULONG ControlCode;
    ULONG ReturnCode;
    ULONG Length;
}SRB_IO_CONTROL, *PSRB_IO_CONTROL;

// 读取的主函数
void __fastcall ReadPhysicalDrive(TStrings *pSerList, TStrings *pModeList);

// 辅助函数
char *__fastcall ConvertToString(DWORD dwDiskData[256], int nFirstIndex, int nLastIndex);
// NT/2000/XP函数
void __fastcall ReadPhysicalDriveOnNT(TStrings *pSerList, TStrings *pModeList);
bool __fastcall DoIdentify(HANDLE hPhysicalDriveIOCTL, PSENDCMDINPARAMS pSCIP,
        PSENDCMDOUTPARAMS pSCOP, BYTE btIDCmd,
        BYTE btDriveNum, PDWORD lpcbBYTEsReturned);
// Windows 9X函数
void __fastcall ReadPhysicalDriveOnW9X(TStrings *pSerList, TStrings *pModeList);
void __fastcall ReadPhysicalDriveOnW9X_Ring0(bool IsFirst, WORD BaseAddress,
        BYTE MoS, bool &IsIDEExist, bool &IsDiskExist, WORD *OutData);

// SCSI读取函数(for NT/2000/XP)
String __fastcall ReadIDEDriveAsScsiDriveOnNT();
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// ReadPhysicalDrive
void __fastcall ReadPhysicalDrive(TStrings *pSerList, TStrings *pModeList)
{
    switch(Win32Platform)
    {
        case VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_WINDOWS:
            ReadPhysicalDriveOnW9X(pSerList, pModeList);
            break;
        case VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT:
            ReadPhysicalDriveOnNT(pSerList, pModeList);
            break;
        default:
            break;
    }
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// ConvertToString
char *__fastcall ConvertToString(DWORD dwDiskData[256], int nFirstIndex, int nLastIndex)
{
    static char szResBuf[1024];
    int nIndex = 0;
    int nPosition = 0;

    // Each integer has two characters stored in it backwards
    for(nIndex = nFirstIndex; nIndex <= nLastIndex; nIndex++)
    {
        // Get high BYTE for 1st character
        szResBuf[nPosition] = (char)(dwDiskData[nIndex] / 256);
        nPosition++;

        // Get low BYTE for 2nd character
        szResBuf[nPosition] = (char)(dwDiskData[nIndex] % 256);
        nPosition++;
    }

    // End the string
    szResBuf[nPosition] = '/0';

    // Cut off the trailing blanks
    for(nIndex = nPosition - 1; nIndex > 0 && ' ' == szResBuf[nIndex]; nIndex--)
        szResBuf[nIndex] = '/0';

    return szResBuf;
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Winndows NT4/2000/XP 代码
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// ReadPhysicalDriveOnNT
void __fastcall ReadPhysicalDriveOnNT(TStrings *pSerList, TStrings *pModeList)
{
    // 输出参数
    BYTE btIDOutCmd[sizeof(SENDCMDOUTPARAMS) + IDENTIFY_BUFFER_SIZE - 1];

    for(int nDrive=0; nDrive < MAX_IDE_DRIVES; nDrive++)
    {
        HANDLE hPhysicalDriveIOCTL;
        char szDriveName[32];

        sprintf(szDriveName, "////.//PhysicalDrive%d", nDrive);
        hPhysicalDriveIOCTL = CreateFile(szDriveName,
                        GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE,
                        FILE_SHARE_READ | FILE_SHARE_WRITE, NULL,
                        OPEN_EXISTING, 0, NULL);

        if(hPhysicalDriveIOCTL != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
        {
            DWORD dwBytesReturned = 0;
            GETVERSIONOUTPARAMS gvopVersionParams;

            // Get the version, etc of PhysicalDrive IOCTL
            ZeroMemory(&gvopVersionParams, sizeof(GETVERSIONOUTPARAMS));

            if(!DeviceIoControl(hPhysicalDriveIOCTL, DFP_GET_VERSION,
                    NULL, 0, &gvopVersionParams, sizeof(gvopVersionParams),
                    &dwBytesReturned, NULL))
            {
                continue;
            }

            if(gvopVersionParams.bIDEDeviceMap > 0)
            {
                // IDE or ATAPI IDENTIFY cmd
                BYTE btIDCmd = 0;
                SENDCMDINPARAMS InParams;
                // Now, get the ID sector for all IDE devices in the system.
                // If the device is ATAPI use the IDE_ATAPI_IDENTIFY command,
                // otherwise use the IDE_ATA_IDENTIFY command
                // 具体所得结果请参考头文件中的说明
                btIDCmd = (gvopVersionParams.bIDEDeviceMap >> nDrive & 0x10) ?
                        IDE_ATAPI_IDENTIFY : IDE_ATA_IDENTIFY;
                ZeroMemory(&InParams, sizeof(SENDCMDINPARAMS));
                ZeroMemory(btIDOutCmd, sizeof(btIDOutCmd));

                if(DoIdentify(hPhysicalDriveIOCTL,
                     &InParams, (PSENDCMDOUTPARAMS)btIDOutCmd,
                     (BYTE)btIDCmd, (BYTE)nDrive, &dwBytesReturned))
                {
                    DWORD dwDiskData[256];
                    USHORT *pIDSector; // 对应结构IDSECTOR,见头文件
                    char szSerialNumber[21];
                    char szModelNumber[41];

                    pIDSector = (USHORT*)((SENDCMDOUTPARAMS*)btIDOutCmd)->bBuffer;
                    for(int i=0; i < 256; i++)
                        dwDiskData[i] = pIDSector[i];
                    // 取系列号
                    ZeroMemory(szSerialNumber, sizeof(szSerialNumber));
                    strcpy(szSerialNumber, ConvertToString(dwDiskData, 10, 19));

                    // 取模型号
                    ZeroMemory(szModelNumber, sizeof(szModelNumber));
                    strcpy(szModelNumber, ConvertToString(dwDiskData, 27, 46));

                    pSerList->Add(szSerialNumber);
                    pModeList->Add(szModelNumber);
                }
            }
            CloseHandle (hPhysicalDriveIOCTL);
        }
    }
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// DoIdentify
bool __fastcall DoIdentify(HANDLE hPhysicalDriveIOCTL, PSENDCMDINPARAMS pSCIP,
              PSENDCMDOUTPARAMS pSCOP, BYTE btIDCmd, BYTE btDriveNum,
              PDWORD pdwBytesReturned)
{
    // Set up data structures for IDENTIFY command.
    pSCIP->cBufferSize = IDENTIFY_BUFFER_SIZE;
    pSCIP->irDriveRegs.bFeaturesReg = 0;
    pSCIP->irDriveRegs.bSectorCountReg  = 1;
    pSCIP->irDriveRegs.bSectorNumberReg = 1;
    pSCIP->irDriveRegs.bCylLowReg  = 0;
    pSCIP->irDriveRegs.bCylHighReg = 0;

    // Compute the drive number.(主盘和从盘所对应的值是不一样的)
    pSCIP->irDriveRegs.bDriveHeadReg = (btDriveNum & 1) ? 0xB0 : 0xA0;

    // The command can either be IDE identify or ATAPI identify.
    pSCIP->irDriveRegs.bCommandReg = btIDCmd;
    pSCIP->bDriveNumber = btDriveNum;
    pSCIP->cBufferSize = IDENTIFY_BUFFER_SIZE;

    return DeviceIoControl(hPhysicalDriveIOCTL, DFP_RCV_DRIVE_DATA,
           (LPVOID)pSCIP,
           sizeof(SENDCMDINPARAMS) - 1,
           (LPVOID)pSCOP,
           sizeof(SENDCMDOUTPARAMS) + IDENTIFY_BUFFER_SIZE - 1,
           pdwBytesReturned, NULL);
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Windows 95/98/ME 代码
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// ReadPhysicalDriveOnW9X
void __fastcall ReadPhysicalDriveOnW9X(TStrings *pSerList, TStrings *pModeList)
{
    WORD wOutData[256];
    SetPriorityClass(GetCurrentProcess(), REALTIME_PRIORITY_CLASS);

    // 经过测试,发现第一次调用而且Drive >= 2时会在Ring0代码中出现错误,导致蓝屏。
    // 经过N(N > 15)次的蓝屏后仍找不到原因:(,不得不在这里增加一段无用代码以
    // 避免蓝屏的出现。(期待高人能指出原因)
    for(int nDrive = 0; nDrive < 8; nDrive++)
    {
        WORD dwBaseAddress;
        BYTE btMasterSlave;         // Master Or Slave
        bool bIsIDEExist;
        bool IsDiskExist;

        switch(nDrive / 2)
        {
            case 0: dwBaseAddress = 0x01F0; break;
            case 1: dwBaseAddress = 0x0170; break;
            case 2: dwBaseAddress = 0x01E8; break;
            case 3: dwBaseAddress = 0x0168; break;
        }

        btMasterSlave = (BYTE)(((nDrive % 2) == 0) ? 0xA0 : 0xB0);

        // 进入Ring0
        ReadPhysicalDriveOnW9X_Ring0(true, dwBaseAddress, btMasterSlave,
                bIsIDEExist, IsDiskExist, wOutData);
    }

    // 开始读取
    for(int nDrive = 0; nDrive < 8; nDrive++)
    {
        WORD dwBaseAddress;
        BYTE btMasterSlave;         // Master Or Slave
        bool bIsIDEExist;
        bool bIsDiskExist;
        switch(nDrive / 2)
        {
            case 0: dwBaseAddress = 0x01F0; break;
            case 1: dwBaseAddress = 0x0170; break;
            case 2: dwBaseAddress = 0x01E8; break;
            case 3: dwBaseAddress = 0x0168; break;
        }

        btMasterSlave = (BYTE)(((nDrive % 2) == 0) ? 0xA0 : 0xB0);

        // 进入Ring0
        bIsIDEExist  = false;
        bIsDiskExist = false;
        ZeroMemory(wOutData, sizeof(wOutData));

        ReadPhysicalDriveOnW9X_Ring0(false, dwBaseAddress, btMasterSlave,
                bIsIDEExist, bIsDiskExist, wOutData);

        if(bIsIDEExist && bIsDiskExist)
        {
            DWORD dwDiskData[256];
            char  szSerialNumber[21];
            char  szModelNumber[41];

            for(int k=0; k < 256; k++)
                dwDiskData[k] = wOutData[k];

            // 取系列号
            ZeroMemory(szSerialNumber, sizeof(szSerialNumber));
            strcpy(szSerialNumber, ConvertToString(dwDiskData, 10, 19));

            // 取模型号
            ZeroMemory(szModelNumber, sizeof(szModelNumber));
            strcpy(szModelNumber, ConvertToString(dwDiskData, 27, 46));

            pSerList->Add(szSerialNumber);
            pModeList->Add(szModelNumber);
        }
    }
    SetPriorityClass(GetCurrentProcess(), NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS);
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// ReadPhysicalDriveOnW9X_Ring0()
//
// dwBaseAddress = IDE(0,1,2,3) : 1F0h, 170h, 1E8h, 168h
// btMasterSlave = Master(0xA0) Or Slave(0xB0)
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void __fastcall ReadPhysicalDriveOnW9X_Ring0(bool bIsFirst, WORD dwBaseAddress,
        BYTE btMasterSlave, bool &bIsIDEExist, bool &bIsDiskExist, WORD *pOutData)
{
    BYTE  btIDTR1[6];
    DWORD dwOldExceptionHook;
    const int nHookExceptionNo = 5;

    BYTE  btIsIDEExist = 0;
    BYTE  btIsDiskExist = 0;
    WORD  wOutDataBuf[256];

    BYTE  btIsFirst = (BYTE)bIsFirst;

    const BYTE btBit00 = 0x01;
    // const BYTE btBit02 = 0x04;
    const BYTE btBit06 = 0x40;
    const BYTE btBit07 = 0x80;
    // const BYTE btERR  = btBit00;
    const BYTE btBusy = btBit07;
    const BYTE btAtaCmd   = 0xEC;
    const BYTE btAtapiCmd = 0xA1;

    __asm
    {
        // 必须先执行这条语句
        JMP EnterRing0

        // 定义过程
        // 等待IDE设备直到其不为忙为止
        WaitWhileBusy proc

        MOV  EBX, 100000
        MOV  DX, dwBaseAddress
        ADD  DX, 7

        LoopWhileBusy:

        DEC  EBX
        CMP  EBX, 0
        JZ   Timeout
        in   AL, DX
        TEST AL, btBusy
        JNZ  LoopWhileBusy
        JMP  DriveReady

        // 超时,直接退出
        Timeout:
        JMP  LeaveRing0
        DriveReady:
        RET
        ENDP   // End of WaitWhileBusy Procedure

        // 设置主盘和从盘标志
        SelectDevice proc

        MOV  DX, dwBaseAddress
        ADD  DX, 6
        MOV  AL, btMasterSlave

        out  DX, AL
        RET

        ENDP  // End of SelectDevice Procedure

        // 向IDE设备发送存取指令
        SendCmd proc

        MOV DX, dwBaseAddress
        ADD DX, 7
        MOV AL, BL // BL是主从盘标识,在过程外设置
        out DX, AL
        RET
        ENDP  // End of SendCmd Procedure

        // Ring0代码
        Ring0Proc:
        PUSHAD
        // 查询IDE设备是否存在
        MOV DX, dwBaseAddress
        ADD DX, 7
        in  AL,DX

        // 当AL的值是0xFF或者0x7F时,IDE设备不存在,这时候直接返回
        CMP AL,0xFF
        JZ  LeaveRing0
        CMP AL, 0x7F
        JZ  LeaveRing0

        // 设置IDE设备存在标志
        MOV btIsIDEExist, 1

        // 查询IDE设备上的驱动器是否存在(有IDE插槽在主板上,但是却不一定有硬盘插在上面)
        CALL WaitWhileBusy
        CALL SelectDevice

        // 如果是第一次调用,则直接返回,否则执行下行语句时会出现蓝屏
        CMP  btIsFirst, 1
        JZ   LeaveRing0

        // 第一次调用时,如果执行这行语句会导致蓝屏,Why???
        CALL WaitWhileBusy

        // AL的值等于cBit06时,不存在驱动器,直接返回
        TEST AL, btBit06
        JZ   LeaveRing0

        // 设置驱动器存在标志
        MOV  btIsDiskExist, 1

        // 发送存取端口命令
        // 无法像NT/2000/XP那样可以通过查询VERSION的值得到驱动器的类型,
        // 所以只能一步一步地测试,如果不是ATA设备,再尝试使用ATAPI设备命令
        CALL WaitWhileBusy
        CALL SelectDevice    // 设置主从盘标识
        MOV  BL, btAtaCmd      // 发送读取命令
        CALL SendCmd
        CALL WaitWhileBusy

        // 检查是否出错
        MOV  DX, dwBaseAddress
        ADD  DX, 7

        in   AL, DX

        TEST AL, btBit00
        JZ   RetrieveInfo   // 没有错误时则读数据

        // 如果出错,则进一步尝试使用ATAPI设备命令
        CALL WaitWhileBusy
        CALL SelectDevice
        MOV  BL, btAtapiCmd
        CALL SendCmd
        CALL WaitWhileBusy

        // 检查是否还出错
        MOV  DX, dwBaseAddress
        ADD  DX, 7
        in   AL, DX
        TEST AL, btBit00
        JZ   RetrieveInfo   // 没有错误时则读数据
        JMP  LeaveRing0     // 如果还是出错,直接返回

        // 读取数据
        RetrieveInfo:

        LEA  EDI, wOutDataBuf
        MOV  ECX, 256
        MOV  DX, dwBaseAddress
        CLD

        REP  INSW

        // 退出Ring0代码
        LeaveRing0:

        POPAD
        IRETD

        // 激活Ring0代码
        EnterRing0:

        // 修改中断门
        SIDT FWORD PTR btIDTR1
        MOV EAX, DWORD PTR btIDTR1 + 02h
        ADD EAX, nHookExceptionNo * 08h + 04h
        CLI

        // 保存原异常处理例程入口
        MOV ECX, DWORD PTR [EAX]
        MOV CX, WORD PTR [EAX-04h]
        MOV dwOldExceptionHook, ECX

        // 指定新入口
        LEA EBX, Ring0Proc
        MOV WORD PTR [EAX-04h],BX
        SHR EBX, 10h
        MOV WORD PTR[EAX+02h], BX

        // 激活Ring0代码
        INT nHookExceptionNo

        // 复原入口
        MOV ECX,dwOldExceptionHook
        MOV WORD PTR[EAX-04h], CX
        SHR ECX,10h
        MOV WORD PTR[EAX+02h], CX
        STI
    }
    if(!bIsFirst)
    {
        bIsIDEExist  = (bool)btIsIDEExist;
        bIsDiskExist = (bool)btIsDiskExist;
        CopyMemory(pOutData, wOutDataBuf, sizeof(wOutDataBuf));
    }
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// 调用方法:
void __fastcall TForm1::Button1Click(TObject *Sender)
{
    ReadPhysicalDrive(Memo1->Lines, Memo2->Lines);
}
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