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js操作select各浏览器兼容

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js 操作select和option

1.动态创建select

     function createSelect(){

var mySelect = document.createElement_x("select");
         mySelect.id = "mySelect"; 
         document.body.appendChild(mySelect);
     }

2.添加选项option

    function addOption(){

         //根据id查找对象,
          var obj=document.getElementByIdx_x('mySelect');

          //添加一个选项
obj.add(newOption("文本","值"));   //这个只能在IE中有效
        obj.options.add(new Option("text","value"));//这个兼容IE与firefox
    }

3.删除所有选项option

    function removeAll(){
          var obj=document.getElementByIdx_x('mySelect');
obj.options.length=0;

    }

4.删除一个选项option

function removeOne(){
          var obj=document.getElementByIdx_x('mySelect');

          //index,要删除选项的序号,这里取当前选中选项的序号

varindex=obj.selectedIndex;
obj.options.remove(index);
    }

5.获得选项option的值

var obj=document.getElementByIdx_x('mySelect');

var index=obj.selectedIndex; //序号,取当前选中选项的序号

var val =obj.options[index].value;

6.获得选项option的文本

var obj=document.getElementByIdx_x('mySelect');

var index=obj.selectedIndex; //序号,取当前选中选项的序号

var val =obj.options[index].text;

7.修改选项option

var obj=document.getElementByIdx_x('mySelect');

var index=obj.selectedIndex; //序号,取当前选中选项的序号

var val = obj.options[index]=newOption("新文本","新值");

8.删除select

     function removeSelect(){
           var mySelect = document.getElementByIdx_x("mySelect");
mySelect.parentNode.removeChild(mySelect);
    }

 

整个实例的完整代码如下:

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//ZH-CN""http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html>
<head>
   <metahttp-equiv="Content-Type"content="text/html">
<head>
   <scriptlanguage=JavaScript>
    function$(id)
    {
    return document.getElementByIdx_x(id)
    }
    functionshow()
    {
    var selectObj=$("area")
    var myOption=document.createElement_x("option")
    myOption.setAttribute("value","10")
    myOption.appendChild(document.createTextNode("上海"))
    var myOption1=document.createElement_x("option")
    myOption1.setAttribute("value","100")
    myOption1.appendChild(document.createTextNode("南京"))
    selectObj.appendChild(myOption)
    selectObj.appendChild(myOption1)
    }
    functionchoice()
    {
    var index=$("area").selectedIndex;
    var val=$("area").options[index].getAttribute("value")
    if(val==10)
    {
     var i=$("context").childNodes.length-1;
    var remobj=$("context").childNodes[i];
    remobj.removeNode(true)
     var sh=document.createElement_x("select")
     sh.add(new Option("浦东新区","101"))
     sh.add(new Option("黄浦区","102"))
     sh.add(new Option("徐汇区","103"))
     sh.add(new Option("普陀区","104"))
     $("context").appendChild(sh)
    }
    if(val==100)
    {
     var i=$("context").childNodes.length-1;
    var remobj=$("context").childNodes[i];
    remobj.removeNode(true)
     var nj=document.createElement_x("select")
     nj.add(new Option("玄武区","201"))
     nj.add(new Option("白下区","202"))
     nj.add(new Option("下关区","203"))
     nj.add(new Option("栖霞区","204"))
     $("context").appendChild(nj)
    }
    }
    functioncalc()
    {
    var x=$("context").childNodes.length-1;
    alert(x)
    }
    functionremove()
    {
    var i=$("context").childNodes.length-1;
    var remobj=$("context").childNodes[i];
    remobj.removeNode(true)
    }
  </script>
<body>
<div id="context">
   <selectid="area" onchange="choice()">
  </select>
</div>
<input type=button value="显示"onclick="show()">
<input type=button value="计算结点"onclick="calc()">
<input type=button value="删除"onclick="remove()">
</body>
</html>

 

改进版:在select中添加、修改、删除option元素

function watch_ini(){ // 初始
for(var i=0; i<arguments.length; i++){
var word = document.createElement_x("OPTION");
word.text = arguments[i];
watch.keywords.add(word); // watch. is form name
}
}
function watch_add(f){ // 增加
var word = document.createElement_x("OPTION");
word.text = f.word.value;
f.keywords.add(word); 
}
但上述 add() 方法只在IE下有效,为兼容FF和Opera,对上述代码进行了一下改进,改动后代码如下: functionwatch_ini(){ // 初始
for(var i=0; i<arguments.length; i++){
   var oOption=newOption(arguments[i],arguments[i]);
  document.getElementByIdx_x("MySelect")[i]=oOption;
}
}
function watch_add(f){ // 增加
   var oOption=newOption(f.word.value,f.word.value);
  f.keywords[f.keywords.length]=oOption;
}


整个实例的完整代码如下:

<!doctype html public "-//w3c//dtd html 4.0transitional//en">
<html>
<head>
<title>javascript select options textvalue</title>
<meta name="keywords" content="javascript selectoptions text value add modify delete set">
<meta name="description" content="javascript selectoptions text value add modify delete set">
<scriptlanguage="javascript">
<!--
function watch_ini(){ // 初始
for(var i=0; i<arguments.length; i++){
   var oOption=newOption(arguments[i],arguments[i]);
  document.getElementByIdx_x("MySelect")[i]=oOption;
}
}
function watch_add(f){ // 增加
   var oOption=newOption(f.word.value,f.word.value);
  f.keywords[f.keywords.length]=oOption;
}
function watch_sel(f){ // 编辑
f.word.value = f.keywords[f.keywords.selectedIndex].text;
}
function watch_mod(f){ // 修改
f.keywords[f.keywords.selectedIndex].text = f.word.value;
}
function watch_del(f){ // 删除
f.keywords.remove(f.keywords.selectedIndex);
}
function watch_set(f){ // 保存
var set = "";
for(var i=0; i<f.keywords.length; i++){
set += f.keywords[i].text + ";";
}
confirm(set);
}
//-->
</script>
</head>
<body>
<form name="watch" method="post"action="">
<select id="MySelect" name="keywords" size="10"onchange="watch_sel(this.form)"></select><br>
<scriptlanguage="javascript">
<!--
watch_ini("我","你","妳","他","她","它","尔"); // 初始关键词
//-->
</script>
<input type="text" name="word"/><br />
<input type="button" value="增加"onclick="watch_add(this.form);" />
<input type="button" value="修改"onclick="watch_mod(this.form);" />
<input type="button" value="删除"onclick="watch_del(this.form);" />
<input type="button" value="保存"onclick="watch_set(this.form);" />
</form>

用一个字符串创建一个数组方法:

<scriptlanguage="javascript">  

  1. </body>
    </html>
  2. <script>
  3. function spli(){
  4. datastr="2,2,3,5,6,6";     
  5. var str= new Array();    
  6.   str=datastr.split(",");     
  7.     for (i=0;i<str.length;i++ )   
  8.     { document.write(str[i]+"<br/>");  }  
  9. }  
  10. spli();  
  11. </script

    今天调试了一段js,在ie上运行良好,在火狐上调试出现错误,查资料发现

    obj.add(new Option("文本","值"));    //这个只能在IE中有效
            obj.options.add(new Option("text","value"));//这个兼容IE与firefox

    因为这段代码,在网上查资料收藏了这篇文章,实时的温故js

    共勉!!

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