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Android如何导入已有的外部数据库(在raw下自己导入db文件)

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我们平时见到的android数据库操作一般都是在程序开始时创建一个空的数据库,然后再进行相关操作。如果我们需要使用一个已有数据的数据库怎么办呢?
我 们都知道android系统下数据库应该存放在 /data/data/com.*.*(package name)/ 目录下,所以我们需要做的是把已有的数据库传入那个目录下。操作方法是用FileInputStream读取原数据库,再用 FileOutputStream把读取到的东西写入到那个目录。
操作方法:1. 把原数据库包括在项目源码的 res/raw 目录下,然后建立一个DBManager类,代码如下:

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packagecom.android.ImportDatabase;
 
importjava.io.File;
importjava.io.FileNotFoundException;
importjava.io.FileOutputStream;
importjava.io.IOException;
importjava.io.InputStream;
 
importandroid.content.Context;
importandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
importandroid.os.Environment;
importandroid.util.Log;
 
publicclassDBManager {
    privatefinalintBUFFER_SIZE =400000;
    publicstaticfinalString DB_NAME ="countries.db";//保存的数据库文件名
    publicstaticfinalString PACKAGE_NAME ="com.android.ImportDatabase";
    publicstaticfinalString DB_PATH ="/data"
            + Environment.getDataDirectory().getAbsolutePath() +"/"
            + PACKAGE_NAME; //在手机里存放数据库的位置
 
    privateSQLiteDatabase database;
    privateContext context;
 
    DBManager(Context context) {
        this.context = context;
    }
 
    publicvoidopenDatabase() {
        this.database =this.openDatabase(DB_PATH +"/"+ DB_NAME);
    }
 
    privateSQLiteDatabase openDatabase(String dbfile) {
        try{
            if(!(newFile(dbfile).exists())) {  //判断数据库文件是否存在,若不存在则执行导入,否则直接打开数据库
                InputStream is =this.context.getResources().openRawResource(
                        R.raw.countries);//欲导入的数据库
                FileOutputStream fos =newFileOutputStream(dbfile);
                byte[] buffer =newbyte[BUFFER_SIZE];
                intcount =0;
                while((count = is.read(buffer)) >0) {
                    fos.write(buffer,0, count);
                }
                fos.close();
                is.close();
            }
            SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(dbfile,
                    null);
            returndb;
        }catch(FileNotFoundException e) {
            Log.e("Database","File not found");
            e.printStackTrace();
        }catch(IOException e) {
            Log.e("Database","IO exception");
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        returnnull;
    }
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//do something else here<br>
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    publicvoidcloseDatabase() {
        this.database.close();
    }
}

然后在程序的首个Activity中示例化一个DBManager对象,然后对其执行openDatabase方法就可以完成导入了,可以把一些要 对数据库进行的操作写在DBManager类里,然后通过DBManager类的对象调用;也可以在完成导入之后通过一个SQliteDatabase类 的对象打开数据库,并执行操作。

我的做法是 在程序的首个Activity中导入数据库:

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packagecom.android.ImportDatabase;
 
importandroid.app.Activity;
importandroid.content.Intent;
importandroid.os.Bundle;
 
publicclassRootViewextendsActivity {
 
    publicDBManager dbHelper;
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    @Override
    publicvoidonCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
 
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
 
        dbHelper =newDBManager(this);
        dbHelper.openDatabase();
        dbHelper.closeDatabase();
 
    }
}

此时在DDMS中可以查看到,外部数据库已经成功导入

在需要使用数据库的类里:

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packagecom.android.ImportDatabase;
 
importjava.util.ArrayList;
importandroid.app.Activity;
importandroid.database.Cursor;
importandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
importandroid.os.Bundle;
 
publicclassTaxiActivityextendsActivity {
 
    privateSQLiteDatabase database;
        ArrayList<CityClass> CITY;
 
    @Override
    publicvoidonCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
 
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
         
        database = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DBManager.DB_PATH +"/"+ DBManager.DB_NAME,null);
 
        CITY = getCity();
         
        // do something with CITY
 
        database.close();
    }
 
    privateArrayList<CityClass> getCity() {
         
        Cursor cur = database.rawQuery("SELECT city.id_city, city.name FROM taxi, city WHERE city.id_city = taxi.id_city GROUP BY city.id_city",null);
         
        if(cur !=null) {
            intNUM_CITY = cur.getCount();
            ArrayList<CityClass> taxicity =newArrayList<CityClass>(NUM_CITY);
            if(cur.moveToFirst()) {
                do{
                    String name = cur.getString(cur.getColumnIndex("name"));
                    intid = cur.getInt(cur.getColumnIndex("id_city"));
                    CityClass city =newCityClass("",0);
                    System.out.println(name); //额外添加一句,把select到的信息输出到Logcat
                    city.city_name = name;
                    city.city_id = id;
                    taxicity.add(city);
                }while(cur.moveToNext());
            }
            returntaxicity;
        }else{
            returnnull;
        }
    }
}

查看输出的结果:

 

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