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在Android中使用 Google ZXing 实现二维码、条形码扫描

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首先双手供上源码:二维码源码下载

先来看看最后的效果:

首先是根据输入的字符串生成二维码图片(左图),然后扫描二维码图片可以在界面上显示扫描结果(右图):


             在Android中使用 Google ZXing 实现二维码、条形码扫描              在Android中使用 Google ZXing 实现二维码、条形码扫描


点击Open Camera按钮代开扫描框(左图),扫描条形码结果如下(右图):


             在Android中使用 Google ZXing 实现二维码、条形码扫描              在Android中使用 Google ZXing 实现二维码、条形码扫描

接下来看如何使用,首先是把ZXing项目中的一些文件拷贝到我们自己的项目中,然后在Mainifest文件中进行配置权限:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.VIBRATE" />
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA" />
    <uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera" />
    <uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera.autofocus" />
还有就是扫描界面Activity的配置:
<activity
            android:configChanges="orientation|keyboardHidden"
            android:name="com.zxing.activity.CaptureActivity"
            android:screenOrientation="portrait"
            android:theme="@android:style/Theme.NoTitleBar.Fullscreen"
            android:windowSoftInputMode="stateAlwaysHidden" >
        </activity>
接下来是我自己项目的布局文件:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:background="@android:color/white"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btn_scan_barcode"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="30dp"
        android:text="Open camera" />
    
    <LinearLayout 
        android:orientation="horizontal"
        android:layout_marginTop="10dp"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content">
        
        <TextView 
       	android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:textColor="@android:color/black"
        android:textSize="18sp"
        android:text="Scan result:" />
        
        <TextView 
        android:id="@+id/tv_scan_result"
       	android:layout_width="fill_parent"
       	android:textSize="18sp"
       	android:textColor="@android:color/black"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
    </LinearLayout>
    
    <EditText 
        android:id="@+id/et_qr_string"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="30dp"
        android:hint="Input the text"/>
    
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btn_add_qrcode"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Generate QRcode" />
    
    <ImageView 
        android:id="@+id/iv_qr_image"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="10dp"
        android:layout_gravity="center"/>

</LinearLayout>


下面是主Activity的代码,主要功能是打开扫描框、显示扫描结果、根据输入的字符串生成二维码图片:
public class BarCodeTestActivity extends Activity {
    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
	private TextView resultTextView;
	private EditText qrStrEditText;
	private ImageView qrImgImageView;
	
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        
        resultTextView = (TextView) this.findViewById(R.id.tv_scan_result);
        qrStrEditText = (EditText) this.findViewById(R.id.et_qr_string);
        qrImgImageView = (ImageView) this.findViewById(R.id.iv_qr_image);
        
        Button scanBarCodeButton = (Button) this.findViewById(R.id.btn_scan_barcode);
        scanBarCodeButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void onClick(View v) {
				//打开扫描界面扫描条形码或二维码
				Intent openCameraIntent = new Intent(BarCodeTestActivity.this,CaptureActivity.class);
				startActivityForResult(openCameraIntent, 0);
			}
		});
        
        Button generateQRCodeButton = (Button) this.findViewById(R.id.btn_add_qrcode);
        generateQRCodeButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void onClick(View v) {
				try {
					String contentString = qrStrEditText.getText().toString();
					if (!contentString.equals("")) {
						//根据字符串生成二维码图片并显示在界面上,第二个参数为图片的大小(350*350)
						Bitmap qrCodeBitmap = EncodingHandler.createQRCode(contentString, 350);
						qrImgImageView.setImageBitmap(qrCodeBitmap);
					}else {
						Toast.makeText(BarCodeTestActivity.this, "Text can not be empty", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
					}
					
				} catch (WriterException e) {
					// TODO Auto-generated catch block
					e.printStackTrace();
				}
			}
		});
    }

	@Override
	protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
		super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);
		//处理扫描结果(在界面上显示)
		if (resultCode == RESULT_OK) {
			Bundle bundle = data.getExtras();
			String scanResult = bundle.getString("result");
			resultTextView.setText(scanResult);
		}
	}
}

其中生成二维码图片的代码在EncodingHandler.java中:
public final class EncodingHandler {
	private static final int BLACK = 0xff000000;
	
	public static Bitmap createQRCode(String str,int widthAndHeight) throws WriterException {
		Hashtable<EncodeHintType, String> hints = new Hashtable<EncodeHintType, String>();  
        hints.put(EncodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, "utf-8"); 
		BitMatrix matrix = new MultiFormatWriter().encode(str,
				BarcodeFormat.QR_CODE, widthAndHeight, widthAndHeight);
		int width = matrix.getWidth();
		int height = matrix.getHeight();
		int[] pixels = new int[width * height];
		
		for (int y = 0; y < height; y++) {
			for (int x = 0; x < width; x++) {
				if (matrix.get(x, y)) {
					pixels[y * width + x] = BLACK;
				}
			}
		}
		Bitmap bitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(width, height,
				Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
		bitmap.setPixels(pixels, 0, width, 0, 0, width, height);
		return bitmap;
	}
}

最后是在哪里对扫描结果进行解码,进入CaptureActivity.java找到下面这个方法便可以对自己对结果进行操作:
/**
	 * Handler scan result
	 * @param result
	 * @param barcode
	 */
	public void handleDecode(Result result, Bitmap barcode) {
		inactivityTimer.onActivity();
		playBeepSoundAndVibrate();
		String resultString = result.getText();
		//FIXME
		if (resultString.equals("")) {
			Toast.makeText(CaptureActivity.this, "Scan failed!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
		}else {
//			System.out.println("Result:"+resultString);
			Intent resultIntent = new Intent();
			Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
			bundle.putString("result", resultString);
			resultIntent.putExtras(bundle);
			this.setResult(RESULT_OK, resultIntent);
		}
		CaptureActivity.this.finish();
	}

以上过程没有把每一步的详细步骤写出来,整体思路基本大致如上,源码下载:


转自:http://blog.csdn.net/tangren03/article/details/7831826

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