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Centos 使用前简单的配置

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Centos 使用前简单的配置

网络配置


网卡的一些配置文件保存在/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/目录下

开启开机自动获取IP

# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

DEVICE=eth0 #描述网卡对应的设备别名,例如ifcfg-eth0的文件中它为eth0
BOOTPROTO=static #设置网卡获得ip地址的方式,可能的选项为static,dhcp或bootp,分别对应静态指定的 ip地址,通过dhcp协议获得的ip地址,通过bootp协议获得的ip地址
BROADCAST=192.168.0.255 #对应的子网广播地址
HWADDR=00:07:E9:05:E8:B4 #对应的网卡物理地址
IPADDR=12.168.1.2 #如果设置网卡获得 ip地址的方式为静态指定,此字段就指定了网卡对应的ip地址
IPV6INIT=no
IPV6_AUTOCONF=no
NETMASK=255.255.255.0 #网卡对应的网络掩码
NETWORK=192.168.1.0 #网卡对应的网络地址
ONBOOT=yes #系统启动时是否设置此网络接口,设置为yes时,系统启动时激活此设备

ONBOOT即为开机启动选项,设置为yes即可。


重启网络服务

# service network restart

重启成功后就可以运行ifconfig  查看到ip 切换到PieTTY



PieTTY连接

centos 默认ssh服务是开启的,其他的发行版不一定是开启的,可能需要手动开通。


首次连接出现警告



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安装VIM


#yum install vim



安装wget

# yum install wget


更新源


首先备份CentOS-Base.repo
mv /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.backup

下载对应版本的CentOS-Base.repo, 放入/etc/yum.repos.d/

比如我的是centos6.4
我就下载6的源

# CentOS-Base.repo
#
# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and
# geographically close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates
# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.
#
# If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the 
# remarked out baseurl= line instead.
#
#
 
[base]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Base - mirrors.ustc.edu.cn
baseurl=http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=os
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
 
#released updates 
[updates]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates - mirrors.ustc.edu.cn
baseurl=http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=updates
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
 
#additional packages that may be useful
[extras]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras - mirrors.ustc.edu.cn
baseurl=http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=extras
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
 
#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Plus - mirrors.ustc.edu.cn
baseurl=http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
 
#contrib - packages by Centos Users
[contrib]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Contrib - mirrors.ustc.edu.cn
baseurl=http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/contrib/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

运行yum makecache生成缓存



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