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Linux双向链表(五)——简单使用示例

标签: clinux数据结构链表
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针对前面解析的双链表API,本文做一个简单使用实例。正所谓:千言万语,不如举一个好例子!不过,这个例子很简单,没有做安全机制,只是简单的使用,而且是链表的常用API,希望对读者能起到抛砖引玉的作用!

list_module.c

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>

static char *str = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ";
//定义一个用户数据类型
struct info_struct{
		char name[32];
		unsigned int age;

		struct list_head entry;
};

//双链表表头
static LIST_HEAD(head);

//遍历链表
static void print_list(void)
{
	struct info_struct *pos;
	struct list_head *list_head = &head;
	int i = 0;

	list_for_each_entry(pos, list_head, entry)
	{
		++i;
		printk(KERN_INFO"name:%s\tage:%d\n", pos->name, pos->age);
	}
	printk(KERN_INFO"sum:%d\n", i);
}

//销毁链表
static void destroy_list(void)
{
	struct info_struct *pos, *n;
	struct list_head *list_head = &head;

	list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, list_head, entry)
	{
		list_del(&pos->entry);
		kfree(pos);
	}
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(list_head);
}

static void creat_list(void)
{
	//向链表添加元素
	int i;
	struct info_struct *buff;

	for(i = 0; i < 10; ++i)
	{
		buff = kmalloc(sizeof(struct info_struct), GFP_ATOMIC);
		if(!buff)
		{
			printk(KERN_ALERT"ERROR:kmalloc memory fail!\n");
			break;
		}

		//初始化数据
		memcpy(buff->name, str + i, 17);
		buff->name[17] = 0;
		buff->age = 26 - i;

		//放入双链表
		list_add(&buff->entry, &head);
	}
}

//查找并删除元素
static void search_and_del_entry(unsigned int age)
{
	struct info_struct *pos, *n;
	
	list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, &head, entry)
	{
		if(pos->age == age)
		{
			list_del(&pos->entry);
			kfree(pos);
			printk(KERN_INFO"age:%d delete!\n", age);
		}
	}
}

//查找位置并插入之前
static void search_and_insert_entry(unsigned int age, struct info_struct *buff)
{
	struct info_struct *pos;
	
	list_for_each_entry(pos, &head, entry)
	{
		if(pos->age == age)
		{
			list_add_tail(&buff->entry, &pos->entry);
			printk(KERN_INFO"age:%d prev insert an entry!\n", age);
			break;
		}
	}
}

static int __init list_init(void)
{
	struct info_struct *buff;

	creat_list();
	print_list();

	search_and_del_entry(18);
	print_list();

	buff = kmalloc(sizeof(struct info_struct), GFP_ATOMIC);
	if(buff)
	{
		memcpy(buff->name, "Hello List, I'm newer!", 22);
		buff->name[22] = 0;
		buff->age = 0;
		search_and_insert_entry(24, buff);
		print_list();
	}
	printk(KERN_INFO"list_module insert successfully!\n");
	return 0;
}

static void __exit list_exit(void)
{
	destroy_list();
	printk(KERN_INFO"list_module remove successfully!\n");
}
module_init(list_init);
module_exit(list_exit);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

Makefile

ifneq ($(KERNELRELEASE),)
	obj-m :=list_module.o
else
	KERNELDIR := /lib/modules/$(shell uname -r)/build
	PWD := $(shell pwd)
default:
	$(MAKE) -C $(KERNELDIR) M=$(PWD) modules

endif

步骤

make(编译模块)->insmod list_module.ko(root权限添加模块)->dmesg(查看运行结果)->rmmod list_module(root权限卸载模块)over!


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