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简单的Android播放器

标签: android音乐listviewmp3thread
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简单的Android播放器,下面是一些主要类的源码:



AndroidBuildingMusicPlayerActivity:用于调用个各类来显示和播放音乐

package com.androidhive.musicplayer;


import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Random;


import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.media.MediaPlayer;
import android.media.MediaPlayer.OnCompletionListener;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ImageButton;
import android.widget.SeekBar;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;


public class AndroidBuildingMusicPlayerActivity extends Activity implements OnCompletionListener, SeekBar.OnSeekBarChangeListener {


private ImageButton btnPlay;
private ImageButton btnForward;
private ImageButton btnBackward;
private ImageButton btnNext;
private ImageButton btnPrevious;
private ImageButton btnPlaylist;
private ImageButton btnRepeat;
private ImageButton btnShuffle;
private SeekBar songProgressBar;
private TextView songTitleLabel;
private TextView songCurrentDurationLabel;
private TextView songTotalDurationLabel;
// Media Player
private  MediaPlayer mp;
// Handler to update UI timer, progress bar etc,.
private Handler mHandler = new Handler();;
private SongsManager songManager;
private Utilities utils;
private int seekForwardTime = 5000; // 5000 milliseconds
private int seekBackwardTime = 5000; // 5000 milliseconds
private int currentSongIndex = 0; 
private boolean isShuffle = false;
private boolean isRepeat = false;
private ArrayList<HashMap<String, String>> songsList = new ArrayList<HashMap<String, String>>();



@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.player);

// All player buttons
btnPlay = (ImageButton) findViewById(R.id.btnPlay);
btnForward = (ImageButton) findViewById(R.id.btnForward);
btnBackward = (ImageButton) findViewById(R.id.btnBackward);
btnNext = (ImageButton) findViewById(R.id.btnNext);
btnPrevious = (ImageButton) findViewById(R.id.btnPrevious);
btnPlaylist = (ImageButton) findViewById(R.id.btnPlaylist);
btnRepeat = (ImageButton) findViewById(R.id.btnRepeat);
btnShuffle = (ImageButton) findViewById(R.id.btnShuffle);
songProgressBar = (SeekBar) findViewById(R.id.songProgressBar);
songTitleLabel = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.songTitle);
songCurrentDurationLabel = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.songCurrentDurationLabel);
songTotalDurationLabel = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.songTotalDurationLabel);

// Mediaplayer
mp = new MediaPlayer();
songManager = new SongsManager();
utils = new Utilities();

// Listeners
songProgressBar.setOnSeekBarChangeListener(this); // Important
mp.setOnCompletionListener(this); // Important

// Getting all songs list
songsList = songManager.getPlayList();

// By default play first song
playSong(0);

/**
* Play button click event
* plays a song and changes button to pause image
* pauses a song and changes button to play image
* */
btnPlay.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

@Override
public void onClick(View arg0) {
// check for already playing
if(mp.isPlaying()){
if(mp!=null){
mp.pause();
// Changing button image to play button
btnPlay.setImageResource(R.drawable.btn_play);
}
}else{
// Resume song
if(mp!=null){
mp.start();
// Changing button image to pause button
btnPlay.setImageResource(R.drawable.btn_pause);
}
}

}
});

/**
* Forward button click event
* Forwards song specified seconds
* */
btnForward.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

@Override
public void onClick(View arg0) {
// get current song position
int currentPosition = mp.getCurrentPosition();
// check if seekForward time is lesser than song duration
if(currentPosition + seekForwardTime <= mp.getDuration()){
// forward song
mp.seekTo(currentPosition + seekForwardTime);
}else{
// forward to end position
mp.seekTo(mp.getDuration());
}
}
});

/**
* Backward button click event
* Backward song to specified seconds
* */
btnBackward.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

@Override
public void onClick(View arg0) {
// get current song position
int currentPosition = mp.getCurrentPosition();
// check if seekBackward time is greater than 0 sec
if(currentPosition - seekBackwardTime >= 0){
// forward song
mp.seekTo(currentPosition - seekBackwardTime);
}else{
// backward to starting position
mp.seekTo(0);
}

}
});

/**
* Next button click event
* Plays next song by taking currentSongIndex + 1
* */
btnNext.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

@Override
public void onClick(View arg0) {
// check if next song is there or not
if(currentSongIndex < (songsList.size() - 1)){
playSong(currentSongIndex + 1);
currentSongIndex = currentSongIndex + 1;
}else{
// play first song
playSong(0);
currentSongIndex = 0;
}

}
});

/**
* Back button click event
* Plays previous song by currentSongIndex - 1
* */
btnPrevious.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

@Override
public void onClick(View arg0) {
if(currentSongIndex > 0){
playSong(currentSongIndex - 1);
currentSongIndex = currentSongIndex - 1;
}else{
// play last song
playSong(songsList.size() - 1);
currentSongIndex = songsList.size() - 1;
}

}
});

/**
* Button Click event for Repeat button
* Enables repeat flag to true
* */
btnRepeat.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

@Override
public void onClick(View arg0) {
if(isRepeat){
isRepeat = false;
Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Repeat is OFF", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
btnRepeat.setImageResource(R.drawable.btn_repeat);
}else{
// make repeat to true
isRepeat = true;
Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Repeat is ON", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
// make shuffle to false
isShuffle = false;
btnRepeat.setImageResource(R.drawable.btn_repeat_focused);
btnShuffle.setImageResource(R.drawable.btn_shuffle);
} 
}
});

/**
* Button Click event for Shuffle button
* Enables shuffle flag to true
* */
btnShuffle.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

@Override
public void onClick(View arg0) {
if(isShuffle){
isShuffle = false;
Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Shuffle is OFF", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
btnShuffle.setImageResource(R.drawable.btn_shuffle);
}else{
// make repeat to true
isShuffle= true;
Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Shuffle is ON", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
// make shuffle to false
isRepeat = false;
btnShuffle.setImageResource(R.drawable.btn_shuffle_focused);
btnRepeat.setImageResource(R.drawable.btn_repeat);
} 
}
});

/**
* Button Click event for Play list click event
* Launches list activity which displays list of songs
* */
btnPlaylist.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

@Override
public void onClick(View arg0) {
Intent i = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), PlayListActivity.class);
startActivityForResult(i, 100);
}
});

}

/**
* Receiving song index from playlist view
* and play the song
* */
@Override
    protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode,
                                     int resultCode, Intent data) {
        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);
        if(resultCode == 100){
          currentSongIndex = data.getExtras().getInt("songIndex");
          // play selected song
             playSong(currentSongIndex);
        }
 
    }

/**
* Function to play a song
* @param songIndex - index of song
* */
public void  playSong(int songIndex){
// Play song
try {
        mp.reset();
mp.setDataSource(songsList.get(songIndex).get("songPath"));
mp.prepare();
mp.start();
// Displaying Song title
String songTitle = songsList.get(songIndex).get("songTitle");
        songTitleLabel.setText(songTitle);

        // Changing Button Image to pause image
btnPlay.setImageResource(R.drawable.btn_pause);

// set Progress bar values
songProgressBar.setProgress(0);
songProgressBar.setMax(100);

// Updating progress bar
updateProgressBar();
} catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IllegalStateException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}

/**
* Update timer on seekbar
* */
public void updateProgressBar() {
        mHandler.postDelayed(mUpdateTimeTask, 100);        
    } 

/**
* Background Runnable thread
* */
private Runnable mUpdateTimeTask = new Runnable() {
  public void run() {
  long totalDuration = mp.getDuration();
  long currentDuration = mp.getCurrentPosition();
 
  // Displaying Total Duration time
  songTotalDurationLabel.setText(""+utils.milliSecondsToTimer(totalDuration));
  // Displaying time completed playing
  songCurrentDurationLabel.setText(""+utils.milliSecondsToTimer(currentDuration));
  
  // Updating progress bar
  int progress = (int)(utils.getProgressPercentage(currentDuration, totalDuration));
  //Log.d("Progress", ""+progress);
  songProgressBar.setProgress(progress);
  
  // Running this thread after 100 milliseconds
      mHandler.postDelayed(this, 100);
  }
};

/**
* 
* */
@Override
public void onProgressChanged(SeekBar seekBar, int progress, boolean fromTouch) {

}


/**
* When user starts moving the progress handler
* */
@Override
public void onStartTrackingTouch(SeekBar seekBar) {
// remove message Handler from updating progress bar
mHandler.removeCallbacks(mUpdateTimeTask);
    }

/**
* When user stops moving the progress hanlder
* */
@Override
    public void onStopTrackingTouch(SeekBar seekBar) {
mHandler.removeCallbacks(mUpdateTimeTask);
int totalDuration = mp.getDuration();
int currentPosition = utils.progressToTimer(seekBar.getProgress(), totalDuration);

// forward or backward to certain seconds
mp.seekTo(currentPosition);

// update timer progress again
updateProgressBar();
    }


/**
* On Song Playing completed
* if repeat is ON play same song again
* if shuffle is ON play random song
* */
@Override
public void onCompletion(MediaPlayer arg0) {

// check for repeat is ON or OFF
if(isRepeat){
// repeat is on play same song again
playSong(currentSongIndex);
} else if(isShuffle){
// shuffle is on - play a random song
Random rand = new Random();
currentSongIndex = rand.nextInt((songsList.size() - 1) - 0 + 1) + 0;
playSong(currentSongIndex);
} else{
// no repeat or shuffle ON - play next song
if(currentSongIndex < (songsList.size() - 1)){
playSong(currentSongIndex + 1);
currentSongIndex = currentSongIndex + 1;
}else{
// play first song
playSong(0);
currentSongIndex = 0;
}
}
}

@Override
public void onDestroy(){
super.onDestroy();
   mp.release();
}

}







PlayListActivity:主要显示歌名和演唱者

package com.androidhive.musicplayer;


import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;


import android.app.ListActivity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemClickListener;
import android.widget.ListAdapter;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.SimpleAdapter;


public class PlayListActivity extends ListActivity {
// Songs list
public ArrayList<HashMap<String, String>> songsList = new ArrayList<HashMap<String, String>>();


@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.playlist);


ArrayList<HashMap<String, String>> songsListData = new ArrayList<HashMap<String, String>>();


SongsManager plm = new SongsManager();
// get all songs from sdcard
this.songsList = plm.getPlayList();


// looping through playlist
for (int i = 0; i < songsList.size(); i++) {
// creating new HashMap
HashMap<String, String> song = songsList.get(i);


// adding HashList to ArrayList
songsListData.add(song);
}


// Adding menuItems to ListView
ListAdapter adapter = new SimpleAdapter(this, songsListData,
R.layout.playlist_item, new String[] { "songTitle" }, new int[] {
R.id.songTitle });


setListAdapter(adapter);


// selecting single ListView item
ListView lv = getListView();
// listening to single listitem click
lv.setOnItemClickListener(new OnItemClickListener() {


@Override
public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view,
int position, long id) {
// getting listitem index
int songIndex = position;

// Starting new intent
Intent in = new Intent(getApplicationContext(),
AndroidBuildingMusicPlayerActivity.class);
// Sending songIndex to PlayerActivity
in.putExtra("songIndex", songIndex);
setResult(100, in);
// Closing PlayListView
finish();
}
});


}
}







SongsManager:中主要扫描sdk卡中的歌曲及播放歌曲 

package com.androidhive.musicplayer;


import java.io.File;
import java.io.FilenameFilter;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;


public class SongsManager {
// SDCard Path
final String MEDIA_PATH = new String("/sdcard/");
private ArrayList<HashMap<String, String>> songsList = new ArrayList<HashMap<String, String>>();

// Constructor
public SongsManager(){

}

/**
* Function to read all mp3 files from sdcard
* and store the details in ArrayList
* */
public ArrayList<HashMap<String, String>> getPlayList(){
File home = new File(MEDIA_PATH);


if (home.listFiles(new FileExtensionFilter()).length > 0) {
for (File file : home.listFiles(new FileExtensionFilter())) {
HashMap<String, String> song = new HashMap<String, String>();
song.put("songTitle", file.getName().substring(0, (file.getName().length() - 4)));
song.put("songPath", file.getPath());

// Adding each song to SongList
songsList.add(song);
}
}
// return songs list array
return songsList;
}

/**
* Class to filter files which are having .mp3 extension
* */
class FileExtensionFilter implements FilenameFilter {
public boolean accept(File dir, String name) {
return (name.endsWith(".mp3") || name.endsWith(".MP3"));
}
}
}

 










Utilities:这个类主要是计算进度条显示的位置及时间的关系

package com.androidhive.musicplayer;




public class Utilities {

/**
* Function to convert milliseconds time to
* Timer Format
* Hours:Minutes:Seconds
* */
public String milliSecondsToTimer(long milliseconds){
String finalTimerString = "";
String secondsString = "";

// Convert total duration into time
  int hours = (int)( milliseconds / (1000*60*60));
  int minutes = (int)(milliseconds % (1000*60*60)) / (1000*60);
  int seconds = (int) ((milliseconds % (1000*60*60)) % (1000*60) / 1000);
  // Add hours if there
  if(hours > 0){
  finalTimerString = hours + ":";
  }
  
  // Prepending 0 to seconds if it is one digit
  if(seconds < 10){ 
  secondsString = "0" + seconds;
  }else{
  secondsString = "" + seconds;}
  
  finalTimerString = finalTimerString + minutes + ":" + secondsString;

// return timer string
return finalTimerString;
}

/**
* Function to get Progress percentage
* @param currentDuration
* @param totalDuration
* */
public int getProgressPercentage(long currentDuration, long totalDuration){
Double percentage = (double) 0;

long currentSeconds = (int) (currentDuration / 1000);
long totalSeconds = (int) (totalDuration / 1000);

// calculating percentage
percentage =(((double)currentSeconds)/totalSeconds)*100;

// return percentage
return percentage.intValue();
}


/**
* Function to change progress to timer
* @param progress - 
* @param totalDuration
* returns current duration in milliseconds
* */
public int progressToTimer(int progress, int totalDuration) {
int currentDuration = 0;
totalDuration = (int) (totalDuration / 1000);
currentDuration = (int) ((((double)progress) / 100) * totalDuration);

// return current duration in milliseconds
return currentDuration * 1000;
}
}




 最后一个简单的Android音乐播放器就形成了:



 
 
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