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Android顶级窗口控制

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顶级窗口会显示在所有视图之上,可以利用此特性用来显示优先级高的业务。

我把它可分为常规式顶级窗口和遮罩式顶级窗口。

常规式顶级窗口不影响其他组件获取焦点(图1);遮罩式顶级窗口顾名思义就是把其他组件都遮住了(图2)。
常规式顶级窗口图1 modal style图2

实现方式:

先启动一个服务(aidl),由该服务去绘制窗口,并对外提供绘制接口(实现见下面代码);

单独写一个应用(如上),用来连接服务并显示顶级窗口。

服务端控制顶级窗口显示与销毁的代码:
/**
 * 该服务用来测试顶级窗口的设置.
 * @author QiShuang
 * 
 */
public class MService extends Service {
	private static final int WRAP = WindowManager.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT;
	private static final int FILL = WindowManager.LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT;
	
	/** 常规的顶级窗口--该顶级view下的部件可以继续操作 */
	public static final int TYPE_TOPLEVEL_WIN_NORMAL = 1;
	
	/**遮罩式(模式)顶级窗口--该顶级view下的部件被遮住,不可以操作 */
	public static final int TYPE_TOPLEVEL_WIN_MODAL = 2;
	
	private WindowManager wm;
	private View subView;

	@Override
	public void onCreate() {
		super.onCreate();
		showToast("remote service onCreate...");
	}

	@Override
	public void onStart(Intent intent, int startId) {
		super.onStart(intent, startId);
		showToast("remote service onStart...");
	}

	@Override
	public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
		showToast("remote service onBind...");
		return iBinder;
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onUnbind(Intent intent) {
		showToast("remote service onUnbind...");
		return super.onUnbind(intent);
	}

	@Override
	public void onDestroy() {
		super.onDestroy();
		showToast("remote service onDestroy...");
	}

	public void showToast(String msg) {
		Toast.makeText(this, msg, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
	}

	private Handler handler = new Handler() {
		public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
			switch (msg.what) {
			case 1: {// drawTopWindow
				wm = (WindowManager) getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE);
				subView = getLayout();
				WindowManager.LayoutParams mWmlp = getWinLayParams(msg.arg1);
				wm.addView(subView, mWmlp);
				break;
			}
			case 2: {// cancelTopWindow
				if(wm!=null && subView!=null){
					wm.removeViewImmediate(subView);
					subView=null;
				}
				break;
			}
			}
		};
	};

	private IBinder iBinder = new IService.Stub() {

		public void drawTopWin(int type) throws RemoteException {
			Message msg = new Message();
			msg.what = 1;
			msg.arg1 = type;
			handler.sendMessage(msg);
			//10s后消失
			handler.postDelayed(new Runnable() {
				public void run() {
					handler.sendEmptyMessage(2);
				}
			}, 10000);
		}

		public void cancelTopWin() throws RemoteException {
			handler.sendEmptyMessage(2);
		}
	};

	// 构造布局View
	private View getLayout() {
		LinearLayout layout = new LinearLayout(this);
//		layout.setLayoutParams(new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(WRAP,WRAP));
		layout.setBackgroundColor(Color.YELLOW);
		layout.setOrientation(LinearLayout.VERTICAL);
		layout.setGravity(Gravity.CENTER);
		
		TextView tx = new TextView(this);
		tx.setLayoutParams(new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(200,100));
		tx.setTextColor(Color.BLUE);
		tx.setGravity(17);
		tx.setText("我站在山峰之巅!!!");
		
		Button btn = new Button(this);
		btn.setLayoutParams(new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(WRAP,WRAP));
		btn.setText("OK");
		btn.setOnClickListener(new Button.OnClickListener() {
			public void onClick(View v) {
				handler.sendEmptyMessage(2);
			}
		});
		
		layout.addView(tx);
		layout.addView(btn);
		return layout;
	}

	private LayoutParams getWinLayParams(int type) {
		WindowManager.LayoutParams wlp = new WindowManager.LayoutParams(FILL,WRAP);
		wlp.alpha = 0.5f;
		wlp.dimAmount = .5f;
		if(type==TYPE_TOPLEVEL_WIN_MODAL){//模式顶级窗口
			wlp.flags = WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_DIM_BEHIND;//任何部件都在其之下,可以通过dimAmount(0~1.0)设置透明度
			
		}else if(type==TYPE_TOPLEVEL_WIN_NORMAL){//常规顶级窗口
			wlp.flags = WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_NOT_FOCUSABLE; // 不抢聚焦点
		}
		wlp.flags = wlp.flags
				| WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_WATCH_OUTSIDE_TOUCH;
		wlp.flags = wlp.flags
				| WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_LAYOUT_NO_LIMITS; //allow window to extend outside of the screen
		
		wlp.type = WindowManager.LayoutParams.TYPE_SYSTEM_ALERT; //系统提示类型
		wlp.width = WRAP;//WindowManager.LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT;
		wlp.height = WRAP;//WindowManager.LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT;
		wlp.gravity = Gravity.CENTER;
		return wlp;
	}

}

step1:设置WindowManager.LayoutParams属性(flags、type很重要);

step2:定义要在窗口中显示的view;

step3:将view加入到WindowManager中。

 

此功能会涉及到以下2个权限,加入到manifest.xml中即可:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNAL_SYSTEM_WINDOW" />
 <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.SYSTEM_ALERT_WINDOW" />




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