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pg_cancel_backend() 与pg_terminate_backend()

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先看下两个函数的官方解释:
pg_cancel_backend() 与pg_terminate_backend() - dazuiba_008 - 魂醉的一亩二分地
 
pg_cancel_backend() 与pg_terminate_backend() - dazuiba_008 - 魂醉的一亩二分地
 
pg_cancel_backend() 取消后台操作,回滚未提交事物
pg_terminate_backend() 中断session,回滚未提交事物
这里和oracle类似kill session的操作是pg_terminate_backend()
 
pg_cancel_backend()   举例:

session A:

postgres=# create table tb1 (a int); CREATE TABLE postgres=# begin;

postgres=# insert into tb1 select generate_series(1,100000000);

session B

postgres=# select * from pg_stat_activity; datid | datname | procpid | usesysid | usename | application_name | client_addr | client_hostname | client_port | backend_start | xact_start | query_start | waiting | current_query -------+----------+---------+----------+----------+------------------+-------------+-----------------+-------------+-------------------------------+-------------------- -----------+-------------------------------+---------+------------------------------------------------------ 12699 | postgres | 10305 | 10 | postgres | psql | | | -1 | 2013-12-03 14:38:05.887116+08 | 2013-12-03 15:12:17 .773935+08 | 2013-12-03 15:14:31.454816+08 | f | insert into tb1 select generate_series(1,100000000);

postgres=# select pg_cancel_backend(10305); pg_cancel_backend ------------------- t

session A ERROR: canceling statement due to user request postgres=# commit; ROLLBACK postgres=# select * from tb1; a --- (0 rows)

session B:

postgres=# select * from pg_stat_activity; datid | datname | procpid | usesysid | usename | application_name | client_addr | client_hostname | client_port | backend_start | xact_start | query_start | waiting | current_query -------+----------+---------+----------+----------+------------------+-------------+-----------------+-------------+-------------------------------+-------------------- -----------+-------------------------------+---------+--------------------------------- 12699 | postgres | 10305 | 10 | postgres | psql | | | -1 | 2013-12-03 14:38:05.887116+08 |

pg_terminate_backend() 举例:

session A

postgres=# create table tb2 (a int); CREATE TABLE postgres=# begin; BEGIN postgres=# insert into tb2 select generate_series(1,100000000);

session B

postgres=# select * from pg_stat_activity; datid | datname | procpid | usesysid | usename | application_name | client_addr | client_hostname | client_port | backend_start | xact_start | query_start | waiting | current_query -------+----------+---------+----------+----------+------------------+-------------+-----------------+-------------+-------------------------------+-------------------- -----------+-------------------------------+---------+------------------------------------------------------ 12699 | postgres | 10305 | 10 | postgres | psql | | | -1 | 2013-12-03 14:38:05.887116+08 | 2013-12-03 15:24:22 .45073+08 | 2013-12-03 15:24:33.362185+08 | f | insert into tb2 select generate_series(1,100000000);

postgres=# select pg_terminate_backend(10305); pg_terminate_backend ---------------------- t (1 row)

session A

postgres=# insert into tb2 select generate_series(1,100000000); FATAL: terminating connection due to administrator command FATAL: terminating connection due to administrator command The connection to the server was lost. Attempting reset: Succeeded. postgres=# commit; WARNING: there is no transaction in progress COMMIT postgres=# select * from tb2; a --- (0 rows)

postgres=# select * from pg_stat_activity;

datid | datname | procpid | usesysid | usename | application_name | client_addr | client_hostname | client_port | backend_start | xact_start | query_start | waiting | current_query -------+----------+---------+----------+----------+------------------+-------------+-----------------+-------------+-------------------------------+-------------------- -----------+-------------------------------+---------+--------------------------------- 12699 | postgres | 10918 | 10 | postgres | psql | | | -1 | 2013-12-03 15:25:12.613672+08 | 2013-12-03 15:30:29 .544088+08 | 2013-12-03 15:30:29.544088+08 | f | select * from pg_stat_activity;

通过以上实验理解起来应该 很简单了,procpid=10305在pg_cancel_backend()下,session还在,事物回退,在pg_terminate_backend()操作后,session消失,事物回退。如果在某些时候pg_terminate_backend()不能杀死session,那么可以在os层面,直接kill -9  pid
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