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LeetCode-Implement Queue using Stacks-解题报告

标签: C++
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原题链接https://leetcode.com/problems/implement-queue-using-stacks/

Implement the following operations of a queue using stacks.

  • push(x) -- Push element x to the back of queue.
  • pop() -- Removes the element from in front of queue.
  • peek() -- Get the front element.
  • empty() -- Return whether the queue is empty.
Notes:
  • You must use only standard operations of a stack -- which means only push to top, peek/pop from top, size, and is empty operations are valid.
  • Depending on your language, stack may not be supported natively. You may simulate a stack by using a list or deque (double-ended queue), as long as you use only standard operations of a stack.
  • You may assume that all operations are valid (for example, no pop or peek operations will be called on an empty queue).

用栈实现队列,这种题一般都是需要两个栈,当遇到出队或者回去队首元素的时候,将栈1中的元素push到栈2,然后返回栈2的栈顶。


class Queue {
public:
	// Push element x to the back of queue.
	void push(int x) {
		one.push(x);
	}

	// Removes the element from in front of queue.
	void pop(void) {
		if (!two.empty())
		{
			two.pop();
			return;
		}
		while (!one.empty())
		{
			two.push(one.top());
			one.pop();
		}
		if (!two.empty())two.pop();
	}

	// Get the front element.
	int peek(void) {
		if (!two.empty())return two.top();
		while (!one.empty())
		{
			two.push(one.top());
			one.pop();
		}
		if (!two.empty())return two.top();
	}

	// Return whether the queue is empty.
	bool empty(void) {
		return one.empty() && two.empty();
	}
private:
	stack<int>one;
	stack<int>two;
};


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