【IPFS】IPFS部署分布式项目到开发机的基础实践

标签: 分布式分布式文件系统IPFS区块链技术
1266人阅读 评论(0) 收藏 举报
分类:

什么是IPFS

IPFS 是一个点对点的分布式文件系统,它希望将所有的计算设备都连接到同一个文件系统中。

IPFS能做到去中心化的分布式部署

IPFS旨在替代HTTP和为我们所有人建立更好的网络。

安装

以下地址进行下载
https://dist.ipfs.io/go-ipfs/v0.4.10/go-ipfs_v0.4.10_darwin-amd64.tar.gz

wget https://dist.ipfs.io/go-ipfs/v0.4.10/go-ipfs_v0.4.10_darwin-amd64.tar.gz
tar xvfz go-ipfs_v0.4.10_darwin-amd64.tar.gz
mv go-ipfs/ipfs /usr/local/bin/ipfs

GO环境
https://storage.googleapis.com/golang/go1.8.3.darwin-amd64.pkg

go version
go version go1.8.3 darwin/amd64

实践

初始化


ipfs init

initializing IPFS node at /Users/xiaoyu/.ipfs
generating 2048-bit RSA keypair...done
peer identity: QmSTt7gDRf5RhWDQRAp516d9hDf5ZTeyi5mcjqnL61n9ok
to get started, enter:
ipfs cat /ipfs/QmVLDAhCY3X9P2uRudKAryuQFPM5zqA3Yij1dY8FpGbL7T/readme

ipfs cat /ipfs/QmVLDAhCY3X9P2uRudKAryuQFPM5zqA3Yij1dY8FpGbL7T/readme

Hello and Welcome to IPFS!

██╗██████╗ ███████╗███████╗
██║██╔══██╗██╔════╝██╔════╝
██║██████╔╝█████╗  ███████╗
██║██╔═══╝ ██╔══╝  ╚════██║
██║██║     ██║     ███████║
╚═╝╚═╝     ╚═╝     ╚══════╝

If you're seeing this, you have successfully installed
IPFS and are now interfacing with the ipfs merkledag!

 -------------------------------------------------------
| Warning:                                              |
|   This is alpha software. Use at your own discretion! |
|   Much is missing or lacking polish. There are bugs.  |
|   Not yet secure. Read the security notes for more.   |
 -------------------------------------------------------

Check out some of the other files in this directory:

  ./about
  ./help
  ./quick-start     <-- usage examples
  ./readme          <-- this file
  ./security-notes

也就是这个文档,我们可以访问下面的文件进行访问

  • ./about
  • ./help
  • ./quick-start
  • ./readme
  • ./security-notes

quick-start

ipfs cat /ipfs/QmVLDAhCY3X9P2uRudKAryuQFPM5zqA3Yij1dY8FpGbL7T/quick-start 
# 0.1 - Quick Start //快速开始

This is a set of short examples with minimal explanation. It is meant as
a "quick start". Soon, we'll write a longer tour :-)


Add a file to ipfs://添加文件

  echo "hello world" >hello
  ipfs add hello


View it: //查看文件

  ipfs cat <the-hash-you-got-here>


Try a directory: //添加文件夹

  mkdir foo
  mkdir foo/bar
  echo "baz" > foo/baz
  echo "baz" > foo/bar/baz
  ipfs add -r foo


View things: //列出查看文件和文件夹

  ipfs ls <the-hash-here>
  ipfs ls <the-hash-here>/bar
  ipfs cat <the-hash-here>/baz
  ipfs cat <the-hash-here>/bar/baz
  ipfs cat <the-hash-here>/bar
  ipfs ls <the-hash-here>/baz


References: //重定向

  ipfs refs <the-hash-here>
  ipfs refs -r <the-hash-here>
  ipfs refs --help


Get://对比文件

  ipfs get <the-hash-here> -o foo2
  diff foo foo2


Objects://列出对象

  ipfs object get <the-hash-here>
  ipfs object get <the-hash-here>/foo2
  ipfs object --help


Pin + GC:

  ipfs pin add <the-hash-here>
  ipfs repo gc
  ipfs ls <the-hash-here>
  ipfs pin rm <the-hash-here>
  ipfs repo gc


Daemon:

  ipfs daemon  (in another terminal)
  ipfs id


Network:

  (must be online)
  ipfs swarm peers
  ipfs id
  ipfs cat <hash-of-remote-object>


Mount:

  (warning: fuse is finicky!)
  ipfs mount
  cd /ipfs/<the-hash-here>
  ls


Tool: //工具

  ipfs version
  ipfs update
  ipfs commands
  ipfs config --help
  open http://localhost:5001/webui


Browse:

  webui:

    http://localhost:5001/webui

  video:

    http://localhost:8080/ipfs/QmVc6zuAneKJzicnJpfrqCH9gSy6bz54JhcypfJYhGUFQu/play#/ipfs/QmTKZgRNwDNZwHtJSjCp6r5FYefzpULfy37JvMt9DwvXse

  images:

    http://localhost:8080/ipfs/QmZpc3HvfjEXvLWGQPWbHk3AjD5j8NEN4gmFN8Jmrd5g83/cs

  markdown renderer app:

    http://localhost:8080/ipfs/QmX7M9CiYXjVeFnkfVGf3y5ixTZ2ACeSGyL1vBJY1HvQPp/mdown

尝试运行

ipfs daemon

Initializing daemon...
Adjusting current ulimit to 2048...
Successfully raised file descriptor limit to 2048.
Swarm listening on /ip4/127.0.0.1/tcp/4001
Swarm listening on /ip4/192.168.0.106/tcp/4001
Swarm listening on /ip4/192.168.1.5/tcp/50092
Swarm listening on /ip6/::1/tcp/4001
API server listening on /ip4/127.0.0.1/tcp/5001
Gateway (readonly) server listening on /ip4/127.0.0.1/tcp/8080
Daemon is ready

注意此时终端的命令没有结束,也就是说目前的启动是不能关闭终端的

此时访问之前的图片网址http://localhost:8080/ipfs/QmZpc3HvfjEXvLWGQPWbHk3AjD5j8NEN4gmFN8Jmrd5g83/cs,展示效果如下,文件访问成功。

这里写图片描述

同理,访问视频文件和markdown文件也能正常访问。

在demo中给的webui实际上是一个管理后台,可以查看这个项目被放到了全球多少个节点上。

出现的报错

  • ERROR core/serve: ipfs resolve -r /ipfs/QmPhnvn747LqwPYMJmQVorMaGbMSgA7mRRoyyZYz3DoZRQ/locale/webui-zh.json: no link named "webui-zh.json" under Qmc6bAsXTFFdvV3RoLuf6jjV3jzsRLntfsivWQZ75s8QaL gateway_handler.go:584
  • ERROR flatfs: too many open files, retrying in 100ms flatfs.go:180
  • ERROR mdns: mdns lookup error: failed to bind to any unicast udp port mdns.go:135

总结

  • 了解了IPFS的安装
  • 本机成功启动了demo
  • 遇到了一些小问题

参考资料

0
0

查看评论
* 以上用户言论只代表其个人观点,不代表CSDN网站的观点或立场
    个人资料
    • 访问:506126次
    • 积分:7693
    • 等级:
    • 排名:第3070名
    • 原创:284篇
    • 转载:13篇
    • 译文:4篇
    • 评论:68条
    博客专栏
    微信订阅号
    欢迎加入QQ群
    玩家老黄历(微信小程序)
    谢谢支持~
    最新评论