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6. ZigZag Conversion

标签: string
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The string "PAYPALISHIRING" is written in a zigzag pattern on a given number of rows like this: (you may want to display this pattern in a fixed font for better legibility)

P   A   H   N
A P L S I I G
Y   I   R
And then read line by line: "PAHNAPLSIIGYIR"

Write the code that will take a string and make this conversion given a number of rows:

string convert(string text, int nRows);

convert("PAYPALISHIRING", 3) should return "PAHNAPLSIIGYIR".

class Solution {
public:
    string convert(string s, int r) {
        if(r == 1) return s;
        string res;
        int n = s.size();
        for(int i = 0; i < r; i++){
            int start = i, interval1 , interval2;
            int gap = 2 * r - 2;
            if(i == 0 || i == r - 1) interval1 = interval2 = gap;
            else{
                interval1 = gap - 2 * i;
                interval2 = gap - interval1;
                
            }
            int k = 0;
            while(1){
                int pos = start + interval1 * ((k + 1) / 2) + interval2 * (k / 2);
                if( pos < n){
                    res.push_back(s[pos]);
                    k++;
                }
                else
                    break;
            }
        }
        return res;
    }
};
一种很聪明的解法

class Solution {
public:
    string convert(string s, int numRows) {
        vector<string> vs(numRows, "");
        int n = s.length(), i = 0;
        while (i < n) {
            for (int j = 0; j < numRows && i < n; j++)
                vs[j].push_back(s[i++]);
            for (int j = numRows - 2; j >= 1 && i < n; j--)
                vs[j].push_back(s[i++]);
        }
        string zigzag;
        for (string v : vs) zigzag += v;
        return zigzag;
    } 
};


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