Do You Have These Core Human Skills?你拥有这些核心人类技能吗?

翻译 2011年01月16日 20:36:00

Do You Have These Core Human Skills?

你拥有这些核心人类技能吗?

in Learning Optimization

“A human being should be able to change a diaper, plan an invasion, butcher a hog, conn a ship, design a building, write a sonnet, balance accounts, build a wall, set a bone, comfort the dying, take orders, give orders, cooperate, act alone, solve equations, analyze a new problem, pitch manure, program a computer, cook a tasty meal, fight efficiently, and die gallantly. Specialization is for insects.”Robert A. Heinlein

一个人应该能够换尿布、策划战争、杀猪、开船、设计房子、写十四行诗、平衡帐本、砌墙、接脱臼的骨头、安慰濒临死亡的人、服从命令、发号命令、协同合作、独立行动、解数学方程、分析新问题、铲粪、编程、做美味佳肴、善与拼搏、勇敢地死去。只有昆虫才专业化。Robert A. Heinlein

Scott Adams, creator of the popular comic strip Dilbert, has a simple but useful strategy of personal success: you can either choose to hyper-specialize and become the best in the world (top 1%) at doing one very specific thing, or you can try to become very good (top 25%) in as many different areas as possible, which you then can use in combination. The latter strategy is far easier, and is often more effective: by improving your skills in a few different but related areas, you increase your versatility and rarity, making your particular combination of skills more uniquely valuable.

Scott Adams,流行连环画Dilbert的创始人,对个人成功有一个非常简单且有用的策略:你可以选择作为在某个高度专业化的领域成为全世界最牛的超专业的人(top 1%),或者尝试选择在尽可能广泛的领域中(可以组合使用)表现很好(top 25)。后者更为简单,同时也更为有效:通过在不同且相关的领域中提高你的技能,将会另你多才多艺、另你更为特别、令你那独特技能的组合更具有独特的价值。

If you’re interested in improving the quality of your life and work, there are the 12 primary areas of “Core Human Skill” you should focus on developing…

如果你对提高自己的生活和工作质量感兴趣,可以开发 核心人类技能中的以下十二个主要方面。

Information-Assimilation – how to find, consume, and comprehend information and identify what’s most important in the face of a problem or challenge. A person who is highly skilled in Information-Assimilation is able to process information quickly and apply it to the situation at hand, with consistently high levels of comprehension and retention.

信息吸收——如何去寻找、吸收、理解星系,并能在面临问题和挑战时区分什么事最重要的。拥有高度信息吸收技能的人,通过一贯的高度理解和记忆,可以快速处理信息,并将之应用到收到的事务中。

Writing – how to communicate thoughts and ideas in written form clearly and concisely. A person who is highly skilled in Writing is able to convey information to others briefly and simply, as well as use writing to persuade and influence.

——如何通过写作的方式清晰地、简要地交流思想和观点。具有高度写作技能的人可以简明扼要的向他人传递信息,同样也可以通过写作来说服、影响他人。

Speaking – how to communicate thoughts and ideas to others clearly, concisely, and with confidence. A person who is highly skilled in Speaking is able to communicate individually or in front of a group of people in an engaging manner, with little visible evidence of tension or stress.

——如果清晰地、简要地、带有自信地与他人交流思想和观点。拥有高度说话能力的人,可以在一个或一大群人面前,略带一点紧张的自信进行交流。

Mathematics – how to accurately use concepts from arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, and statistics to analyze and solve common problems. A person who is highly skilled in Mathematics is able to use numbers, ratios, and equations to gain insight into present circumstances and potential future scenarios.

数学——如何准确的使用算数、袋鼠、集合、微积分、统计的概念来分析和解决问题。在数据方面拥有高度技能的人可以使用数字、比率、等式来洞察目前和未来潜在的一些状况。

Decision-Making – how to identify critical issues, prioritize, focus energy/effort, recognize fallacies, avoid common errors, and handle ambiguity. A person who is highly skilled in Decision-Making is able to weigh available information and come to a supportable conclusion, without falling prey to common reasoning mistakes and cognitive bias.

决策——如何识别关键事物、把实物按优先级排好、集中精力、识别错误、避免普通错误、处理模糊不清的事物。拥有高度决策能力的人可以权衡信息的可用性,并得出可支持的结论,不至于落入普通的原因错误和认知偏见。

Rapport – how to interact with other people in a way that encourages them to like, trust, and respect you. A person who is highly skilled in Rapport is able to build productive, mutually-beneficial relationships with a wide variety of people in a way that influences their perceptions and opinions.

交往——如何以一种别人喜欢、信任、尊敬你的方式与人进行交流。拥有高度交往能力的人,可以创建具有成效的、双赢的关系,处于该关系中的人可以影响彼此的观念。

Conflict-Resolution – how to anticipate potential sources of conflict and resolve disagreements when they occur. A person who is highly skilled in Conflict-Resolution is able to anticipate potential sources of conflict and counteract unproductive emotions, both individually and in groups.

解决矛盾——如何在矛盾发生时预期潜在的矛盾来源并解决分歧。拥有高度解决矛盾能力的人可以预期潜在的矛盾来源,并能化解不良情绪,无论是针对个人还是群体。

Scenario-Generation – how to create, clarify, evaluate, and communicate a possible future scenario that assists in decision-making, either for yourself or another person. A person who is highly skilled in Scenario Generation is able to envision possible future events, identify likely tradeoffs, and suggest multiple options that will result in the achievement of an objective.

剧情产生——无论是为你自己还是其他人,如何创建、澄清、评估、掌握一个可能的未来场景来辅助制定决定。拥有高度剧情产生技能的人可以预想未来可能发生的事情、识别可能的折中、提出多个建议来是实现目标。

Planning – how to identify the necessary next steps to achieve an objective, account for dependencies, and prepare for the unknown and inevitable change via the use of contingencies. A person who is highly skilled in Planning is able to examine available resources, anticipate potential issues and risks, and propose new / better paths as more information becomes known.

计划——如何识别下一步需要怎么做来实现目标、考虑依赖关系、。有用高度计划能力的人可以发现可用资源、预期潜在的事物和风险,并能提出新的/更好的路径,同时获知更多的信息。

Self-Awareness – how to accurately perceive and influence your own internal states and emotions, including effective management of limited energy, willpower, and focus. A person who is highly skilled in Self-Awareness is able to recognize what physical and emotional state they’re currently experiencing, utilize or compensate for their current state, and intentionally elicit / reinforce preferred states.

自我意识——如何准确的感觉和影响你自身的内部状态和情感,包括有限的精力、意志力、焦点的有效管理。拥有高度自我意识的人可以识别他们当前所经历的物理和情感状态、使用或补偿他们当前的状态、有意地达到最佳状态。

Interrelation – how to recognize, understand, and make use of key features of systems and relationships, including cause-and-effect, second and third-order effects, constraints, and feedback loops. A person who is highly skilled in Interrelation is able to identify the most important factors in a system, explore how they affect each other, and improve systems without provoking undesired consequences.

相互关系——如何识别、理解、利用系统和关系的关键特性,包括因果关系、二、三阶效应、约束,以及反馈回路。在相互关系方面拥有高度技能的人可以识别系统中最为重要的因素、探究彼此间的影响,以及提升系统,并且不会造成非期望的后果。

Skill Acquisition – how to go about learning a desired skill in a way that results in competence by finding and utilizing available resources, deconstructing complex processes, and actively experimenting with potential approaches. A person who is highly skilled in Skill Acquisition is able to continually improve their skills in any field through deliberate practice, observation, and intentional experimentation.

技能获取——如何学习渴望的技能,使得自己能找到并使用可用资源、分解复杂固城、主动实验潜在的方法来获得竞争力。拥有高度“获取技能”的技能的人可以在任何领域中通过深思熟虑的时间、观察、有意的实验来提高他们的技能。

Take a moment to imagine all of the things you’d be able to accomplish if you improved your skills to the point where you ranked in the top 25% of the human population in each of these areas. How developed are your skills now, and which of these areas could, if improved, help you accomplish what you’re trying to achieve?

试着想象一下你会去做的能让你的技能在全世界的排名达到25%的事情。你目前的技能如何?哪个领域的提升能实现你正在努力的目标?

 

SRC: http://personalmba.com/core-human-skills/

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