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VMware虚拟机中ubuntu系统内安装VMwareTools

转载 2012年03月30日 21:15:56

转自于:http://os.51cto.com/art/201001/176721.htm

向Ubuntu用户推荐安装 VMware Tools系统,大家请先要了解下Ubuntu VMware Tools, 具体介绍Ubuntu VMware Tools,希望对大家有用。在Ubuntu下安装Ubuntu VMware Tools的两种方式 以下是步骤,第一种是在没有下载Ubuntu VMware Tools的步骤,第二种是已下载Ubuntu VMware Tools的步骤,第一种我已测试过可行,只是下载有点慢,花了我一天一夜下载,可能是我网速太慢了吧,找了好久才找到,所以贴出来给大家参考下。

第一种:

1.在Ubuntu 8.04(Handy)下安装Ubuntu VMware Tools
下载脚本wget http://chrysaor.info/scripts/ubuntu804vmtools.sh
修改脚本权限chmod +x ubuntu804vmtools.sh执行
sudo ./ubuntu804vmtools.sh
安装过程中会有提问,直接按回车键采用默认参数即可。

2.在Ubuntu 8.10(Intrepid)下安装Ubuntu VMware Tools
下载脚本wget http://chrysaor.info/scripts/ubuntu810vmtools.sh
修改脚本权限 chmod +x ubuntu810vmtools.sh执行sudo ./ubuntu810vmtools.sh
安装过程中会有提问,直接按回车键采用默认参数即可。

3.在Ubuntu 9.04(Janunty)下安装Ubuntu VMware Tools
下载脚本wget http://chrysaor.info/scripts/ubuntu904vmtools.sh
修改脚本权限 chmod +x ubuntu904vmtools.sh执行sudo ./ubuntu904vmtools.sh
安装过程中会有提问,直接按回车键采用默认参数即可。
如果你使用的是VMware Fusion、Server和Workstation,记得在安装完成后需要重启虚拟机。

第二种:

Ubuntu安装Ubuntu VMware Tools说简单不简单,说难也不难,下面列出Ubuntu安装Ubuntu VMware Tools的相关方法和代码。
Ubuntu VMware Tools位置:VMware的安装路径VMwareVMware Workstationlinux.iso
启动后按Esc选择recovery mode登陆.然后点击"虚拟机"→"安装Ubuntu VMware Tools".
[root@rd01 ~]# mount /cdrom# 有时可能加载不了,这时就要先将系统关闭,再手动指定 ISO 映像:
[root@rd01 ~]# cd /cdrom
[root@rd01 ~]# ls -a
[root@rd01 ~]# cp VMwareTools-5.5.1-19175.tar.gz /tmp
[root@rd01 ~]# cd /tmp
[root@rd01 ~]# tar zxpf VMwareTools-5.5.1-19175.tar.gz
[root@rd01 ~]# cd vmware-tools-distrib
[root@rd01 vmware-tools-distrib]# ./vmware-install.pl
Creating a new installer database using the tar3 format.
Installing the content of the package.

安装过程的画面,全部使用默认值,一直按 Enter 就对了
In which directory do you want to install the binary files?
[/usr/bin]
What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)?
[/etc/rc.d]
What is the directory that contains the init scripts?
[/etc/rc.d/init.d]
In which directory do you want to install the daemon files?
[/usr/sbin]
In which directory do you want to install the library files?
[/usr/lib/vmware-tools]
Thepath "/usr/lib/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This programisgoingto create it, including needed parent directories. Is thiswhatyou want?
[yes]
In which directory do you want to install the documentation files?
[/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools]
Thepath "/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools" does not exist currently.Thisprogram isgoing to create it, including needed parent directories.Isthis what you want?
[yes]
The installation of Ubuntu VMware Tools 5.5.1 build-19175 for Linux completed
successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any
time by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl".
Before running Ubuntu VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by
invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl". Do you want
this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes]
Stopping Ubuntu VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:
Guest operating system daemon: [ 确定 ]
Trying to find a suitable vmhgfs module for your running kernel.
The module bld-2.6.9-5.EL-i686-RHEL4 loads perfectly in the running kernel.
pcnet32 30153 0
Unloading pcnet32 module
Trying to find a suitable vmxnet module for your running kernel.
The module bld-2.6.9-5.EL-i686-RHEL4 loads perfectly in the running kernel.
Detected X.org version 6.8.

关闭控制台鼠标服务: [ 确定 ]
启动控制台鼠标服务: [ 确定 ]
Please choose one of the following display sizes (1 - 13):
# 显示分辨率,这里是以 1024x768 为例
# Ubuntu VMware Tools 安装的时候,会自动修改 X server 的配置文件

[1] "640x480"
[2]< "800x600"
[3] "1024x768"
[4] "1152x864"
[5] "1280x800"
[6] "1152x900"
[7] "1280x1024"
[8] "1376x1032"
[9] "1400x1050"
[10] "1680x1050"
[11] "1600x1200"
[12] "1920x1200"
[13] "2364x1773"

Please enter a number between 1 and 13:

[2] 3
X Window System Version 6.8.2
Release Date: 9 February 2005
X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0, Release 6.8.2
Build Operating System: Linux 2.6.9-34.EL i686 [ELF]
Current Operating System: Linux rd01.domain 2.6.9-34.EL #1 Wed Mar 8 00:07:35 CST 2006 i686
Build Date: 04 May 2006
Build Host: x8664-build.centos.org
Before reporting problems, check http://wiki.X.Org
to make sure that you have the latest version.
Module Loader present
OSKernel: Linux version 2.6.9-34.EL (buildcentos@build-i386) (gccversion3.4.5 20051201 (Red Hat 3.4.5-2)) #1 Wed Mar 8 00:07:35 CST 2006P
Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting,
(++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational,
(WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown.
(++) Log file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86ConfigLog.3131", Time: Mon Jun 12 20:57:34 2006
(++) Using config file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86Config.3131"
(WW) VMWARE(0): Failed to set up write-combining range (0xf0000000,0x1000000)
X is running fine with the new config file.
Starting Ubuntu VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:
Switching to guest configuration: [ 确定 ]
Guest filesystem driver: [ 确定 ]
DMA setup: [ 确定 ]
Guest operating system daemon: [ 确定 ]
The configuration of Ubuntu VMware Tools 5.5.1 build-19175 for Linux for this running
kernel completed successfully.
You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take

effect.
You can now run Ubuntu VMware Tools by invoking the following command:
"/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox" during an XFree86 session.
To use the vmxnet driver, restart networking using the following commands:
/etc/init.d/network stop
rmmod pcnet32
rmmod vmxnet
depmod -a
modprobe vmxnet
/etc/init.d/network start
Enjoy,
--the VMware team
[root@rd01 vmware-tools-distrib]# shutdown -r now
# 修改完成之后,重新启动计算机,让Ubuntu VMware Tools 生效.
重启后,你可能会发现还是要按"Ctrl+Alt"释放鼠标(VM6.0没这问题了),因为我用的是5.5.3,所以要手动执行才有效果.
通过终端运行VMware-Tools:
点击Ubuntu桌面左上角的Applications→附件→终端,会打开一个类似Windows中记事本的程序,在里面输入以下内容($是自带的,不用专门输入):$ /usr/bin/vmware-toolbox
如果你嫌麻烦,我们就需要让vmware-toolbox实现开机自动运行。点击Ubuntu菜单:System→首选项→会话→Startup Programs,Add一个Name叫“vmware-toolbox”,Command是“/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox”的启动程序。这样每次开机后就能自动运行Ubuntu VMware Tools了。重启Ubuntu看看效果吧!(注意:vmware-toolbox并不是在后台隐藏运行的,启动后不要关闭)。
Ubuntu VMware Tools固然是个好东西,但也有副作用,比如说:虚拟机中的鼠标的滚轮不好使了。我们这样解决这个问题,还是打开终端,输入:
sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf
这个命令使系统以root权限打开鼠标配置文件/etc/X11/xorg.conf。把文件中的Option “Protocol” “ps/2”改成
Option “Protocol” “IMPS/2”重启Ubuntu搞定。然后右键单击文件或文件夹,选择“以管理员打开”。
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