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oracle:rman恢复----通过增量备份来恢复

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试验计划:先rman进行一个0级备份,插入表相关数据,再进行level 1级增量备份,进行rman恢复

实验环境:归档模式下,oracle10.2.0.1

 

开始试验:

1. rman level 0级备份

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RMAN> backup incremental level 0 database;

Starting backup at 02-DEC-13
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting incremental level 0 datafile backupset
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backupset
input datafile fno=00001 name=/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf
input datafile fno=00003 name=/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/sysaux01.dbf
input datafile fno=00002 name=/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/undotbs01.dbf
input datafile fno=00006 name=/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/yn.dbf
input datafile fno=00004 name=/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting piece 1 at 02-DEC-13
channel ORA_DISK_1: finished piece 1 at 02-DEC-13
piece handle=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORCL/backupset/2013_12_02/o1_mf_nnnd0_TAG20131202T222739_99s66wc3_.bkp tag=TAG20131202T222739 comment=NONE
channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:02:06
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting incremental level 0 datafile backupset
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backupset
including current control file in backupset
including current SPFILE in backupset
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting piece 1 at 02-DEC-13
channel ORA_DISK_1: finished piece 1 at 02-DEC-13
piece handle=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORCL/backupset/2013_12_02/o1_mf_ncsn0_TAG20131202T222739_99s6bvm4_.bkp tag=TAG20131202T222739 comment=NONE
channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:00:02
Finished backup at 02-DEC-13
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2.插入相关表数据

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SQL> select * from t1;

    ID NAME
---------- --------------------
     1 first
     2 second

SQL> insert into t1 values(3,'rman3');

1 row created.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

SQL> insert into t1 values(4,'rman4');

1 row created.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

SQL> alter system switch logfile;

System altered.

SQL> alter system checkpoint;

System altered.

SQL> 
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3.rman level  0级备份

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RMAN> backup incremental level 1 database;

Starting backup at 02-DEC-13
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting incremental level 1 datafile backupset
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backupset
input datafile fno=00001 name=/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf
input datafile fno=00003 name=/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/sysaux01.dbf
input datafile fno=00002 name=/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/undotbs01.dbf
input datafile fno=00006 name=/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/yn.dbf
input datafile fno=00004 name=/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting piece 1 at 02-DEC-13
channel ORA_DISK_1: finished piece 1 at 02-DEC-13
piece handle=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORCL/backupset/2013_12_02/o1_mf_nnnd1_TAG20131202T223244_99s6jfdz_.bkp tag=TAG20131202T223244 comment=NONE
channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:00:25
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting incremental level 1 datafile backupset
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backupset
including current control file in backupset
including current SPFILE in backupset
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting piece 1 at 02-DEC-13
channel ORA_DISK_1: finished piece 1 at 02-DEC-13
piece handle=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORCL/backupset/2013_12_02/o1_mf_ncsn1_TAG20131202T223244_99s6k6o1_.bkp tag=TAG20131202T223244 comment=NONE
channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished backup at 02-DEC-13

RMAN> 
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4.查看此时的备份文件、关闭数据库、重启数据库

[root@app 2013_12_02]# ll
?昏. 649132
-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall   7176192 12-02 22:29 o1_mf_ncsn0_TAG20131202T222739_99s6bvm4_.bkp
-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall   7176192 12-02 22:33 o1_mf_ncsn1_TAG20131202T223244_99s6k6o1_.bkp
-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 649576448 12-02 22:29 o1_mf_nnnd0_TAG20131202T222739_99s66wc3_.bkp
-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall    114688 12-02 22:33 o1_mf_nnnd1_TAG20131202T223244_99s6jfdz_.bkp
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SQL> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> startup mount
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  599785472 bytes
Fixed Size            2022632 bytes
Variable Size          251659032 bytes
Database Buffers      343932928 bytes
Redo Buffers            2170880 bytes
Database mounted.

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5.rman恢复

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RMAN> run {
2> allocate channel c1 type disk;
3> restore database;
4> recover database;
5> sql 'alter database open';
6> }

allocated channel: c1
channel c1: sid=156 devtype=DISK

Starting restore at 02-DEC-13

channel c1: starting datafile backupset restore
channel c1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
restoring datafile 00001 to /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf
restoring datafile 00002 to /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/undotbs01.dbf
restoring datafile 00003 to /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/sysaux01.dbf
restoring datafile 00004 to /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf
restoring datafile 00006 to /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/yn.dbf
channel c1: reading from backup piece /u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORCL/backupset/2013_12_02/o1_mf_nnnd0_TAG20131202T222739_99s66wc3_.bkp
channel c1: restored backup piece 1
piece handle=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORCL/backupset/2013_12_02/o1_mf_nnnd0_TAG20131202T222739_99s66wc3_.bkp tag=TAG20131202T222739
channel c1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:25
Finished restore at 02-DEC-13

Starting recover at 02-DEC-13
channel c1: starting incremental datafile backupset restore
channel c1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
destination for restore of datafile 00001: /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf
destination for restore of datafile 00002: /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/undotbs01.dbf
destination for restore of datafile 00003: /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/sysaux01.dbf
destination for restore of datafile 00004: /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf
destination for restore of datafile 00006: /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_2/oradata/orcl/yn.dbf
channel c1: reading from backup piece /u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORCL/backupset/2013_12_02/o1_mf_nnnd1_TAG20131202T223244_99s6jfdz_.bkp
channel c1: restored backup piece 1
piece handle=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORCL/backupset/2013_12_02/o1_mf_nnnd1_TAG20131202T223244_99s6jfdz_.bkp tag=TAG20131202T223244
channel c1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01

starting media recovery
media recovery complete, elapsed time: 00:00:02

Finished recover at 02-DEC-13

sql statement: alter database open
released channel: c1

RMAN> 
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6.查询数据

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[oracle@app ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Mon Dec 2 22:52:49 2013

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options

SQL> select * from t1;
    id  name
---------------------
     1  first
     2  second
     3  rman3
     4  rman4
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 这里说一个我在进行此试验时,遇到的一个另外问题:

   level 1级备份操作后,进行了drop table t1;我以为利用 level  0+level  1 恢复时,rman只恢复到我level  1备份处,t1表的4条数据还是存在的。

但,当我这样操作后,进行select × from t1 查询时,发现提示该表不存在。 

后来仔细想了想,当我利用recover database时,数据库会自动读取redo或者归档文件来进行drop table t1操作的。


原文链接:http://www.cnblogs.com/greensleeves/p/3454867.html

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