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5+ Best Examples of How to Build a DIY Self-Balancing Robot

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A blog about autonomous, outdoor and Internet connected robots.

5+ Best Examples of How to Build a DIY Self-Balancing Robot

Recently I shared with you the best 5 examples how to build a DIYquadcopter, and in this article I continue the series with more than 5 examples of self-balancing robot that can be built at home using cheap components and in some cases 3D printed components.
A simple two-wheeled balanced robot can become the perfect educational and hobbyist tool to explore the electronics and programming area. In this article, you can find at least 5 projects based on the Arduino or Raspberry Pi single board computers, and other several main components such as electric motors, IMU, accelerometer, or gyro sensors able to keep the robot in balance by measuring and reporting the velocity, orientation, and gravitational forces of the robot.

Any of these robots can be used for inspiration, and with a little imagination, you can build your custom self-balancing robot.

There are several advantages when you build a DIY robot:

  • you can build the robot at home;
  • are effectively very cheap;
  • you can reuse components from other robots;
  • some components can be printed using a 3D printer;
  • all of these robots are customizable;
  • you can combine both electronics and programming skills;

If for programming side is relatively simple to download and install a development environment, on the electronics side you need a set of tools including a soldering iron or wire cutters.

ArduRoller balancebot

ArduRoller balancebot

ArduRoller balancebot


I started the DIY balancing robot compilation with this very simple two wheeled robot with a bamboo chassis, and two sensors mounted on the axis of rotation to maintain its balance.

On the project page you can find documentation about how to program the Arduino Uno board to keep the robot in balance, as well as few other steps necessary to have a functionally robot.

In the following, you can find the main components that you need to build this project from scratch, while the entire documentation and libraries can be found here.

Components:

The Balancing Robot

The Balancing Robot

The Balancing Robot


This robotic project could become easily a platform from where you can start to build your first self-balancing robot. The balancing robot for dummies has a simple design that helps you to learn how to build a two-wheeled efficient robot with a solid frame and acceptable price.

The project integrates metal gears with built-in encoders, two lightweight and durable wheels, an Inertial Measurement Unit sensor to measure and reports the velocity, orientation, and gravitational forces of the robot, and many more robotic parts, which I listed below.

The brain of the robot is an Arduino Duemilanove single board computer able to maintain the robot in vertical position.

For more inspiration you can check also this project that is relatively closer to this balancing robot.

Almost all of the components of the balancing robot can be found here:

Segway Instructabot

Segway Instructabot

Segway Instructabot


Inspired by the two wheeled self-balancing personal transport vehicle invented by Dean Kamen, this robot integrates the idea of a self-balancing platform that change the speed of the motor based on data received from the accelerometer sensor. It takes several building hours where you have to combine electronics with programming skills, as well as woodworker skills and techniques.

Following the instructions from this article and by embedding several components, you will have a functional balancing robot based on a piece of wood, Arduino Uno, two powerful electric motors, and an accelerometer sensor.

Components

B-Robot

B-Robot

B-Robot


The B-Robot is a fully 3D printed self-balancing robot controlled by Arduino single board computer and able to be remotely controlled via a smartphone or a tablet through WiFi connection.

On the project page you can find the files to print the components, as well as libraries and the main program.

The robot balance system is based on the MPU-6050 triple axis accelerometer and gyro breakout board, and a sonar sensor.

As a bonus, you can check also this project based on the same triple axis sensor and the Arduino board.

All the main robotic parts needed to build this project are available here:

Self Balancing Robot using Raspberry Pi

Self Balancing Robot using Raspberry Pi

Self Balancing Robot using Raspberry Pi


You can build at least a million of things with a single board computer like Raspberry Pi. From this million, one project is this self-balancing robot based on the fruit-named computer, an IMU sensor, powerful electric motors, and a TFT screen that displays several information from sensor and components.

This complex platform can be customized for a wide range of applications including tracking and object detection, it can be used to map a room, for security at home, and many more service applications.

A list of several components integrated into this self-balancing robot can be found here:

Before starting any of these projects, please pay attention to details and check the components list. If you’re not familiar with DIY robotic projects, you can always start with a kit and then make the step into a DIY project.

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