spring-boot开发:使用内嵌容器进行快速开发及测试

原创 2016年05月31日 09:11:50

一、简述一下spring-boot微框架

1、spring-boot微框架是什么?

大家都知道,在使用spring框架进行应用开发时需要很多*.xml的初始化配置文件,而springBoot就是用来简化新的Spring应用的初始搭建以及开发过程的微框架。该框架使用了自动设置的方式来进行配置,使开发人员不再需要定义样板化的配置,该框架可以方便前端开发任玥或者测试人员进行快速开发或者测试单元

2、spring官方介绍

官方springboot教程:http://projects.spring.io/spring-boot/

二、spring-boot快速开发

1、依赖包引用

在这里个人使用spring-boot1.3.5,采用maven环境搭建

我的maven依赖:

<!-- Inherit defaults from Spring Boot -->
    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.3.5.RELEASE</version>
    </parent>

    <!-- Add typical dependencies for a web application -->
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-actuator</artifactId>
        </dependency>
       
    </dependencies>

    <repositories>
        <repository>
            <id>spring-snapshots</id>
            <url>http://repo.spring.io/libs-snapshot</url>
        </repository>
    </repositories>

    <pluginRepositories>
        <pluginRepository>
            <id>spring-snapshots</id>
            <url>http://repo.spring.io/libs-snapshot</url>
        </pluginRepository>
    </pluginRepositories>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
  

2、快速开发

简单开发发布一个helloworld!应用
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.EnableAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

@Configuration
@EnableAutoConfiguration
@Controller
public class TestController {
@RequestMapping("/hello")
@ResponseBody
public String hello()
{
	return "helloworld!";
	
}
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		SpringApplication.run(TestController.class,args);
	}
}

3、发布应用
如上代码,使用main()方法默认采用内置tomcat发布该应用,当然也可以使用其他内置容器或者外置容器
发布之后效果(看到这里,一个基于springBoot微框架的应用就开发完了,可以在浏览器打开http://localhost:8080/hello打开发布的应用):
  .   ____          _            __ _ _
 /\\ / ___'_ __ _ _(_)_ __  __ _ \ \ \ \
( ( )\___ | '_ | '_| | '_ \/ _` | \ \ \ \
 \\/  ___)| |_)| | | | | || (_| |  ) ) ) )
  '  |____| .__|_| |_|_| |_\__, | / / / /
 =========|_|==============|___/=/_/_/_/
 :: Spring Boot ::            (v1.0.0.RC1)

2016-05-31 09:37:16.157  INFO 4268 --- [           main] cn.eguid.TestController                  : Starting TestController on wang-pc with PID 4268 (D:\eguid\Workspaces\MyEclipse2015\springBootTest\target\classes started by wangliang)
2016-05-31 09:37:16.329  INFO 4268 --- [           main] ationConfigEmbeddedWebApplicationContext : Refreshing org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.AnnotationConfigEmbeddedWebApplicationContext@3d04562f: startup date [Tue May 31 09:37:16 CST 2016]; root of context hierarchy
2016-05-31 09:37:17.673  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.f.s.DefaultListableBeanFactory     : Overriding bean definition for bean 'beanNameViewResolver': replacing [Root bean: class [null]; scope=; abstract=false; lazyInit=false; autowireMode=3; dependencyCheck=0; autowireCandidate=true; primary=false; factoryBeanName=org.springframework.boot.actuate.autoconfigure.ErrorMvcAutoConfiguration$WhitelabelErrorViewConfiguration; factoryMethodName=beanNameViewResolver; initMethodName=null; destroyMethodName=(inferred); defined in class path resource [org/springframework/boot/actuate/autoconfigure/ErrorMvcAutoConfiguration$WhitelabelErrorViewConfiguration.class]] with [Root bean: class [null]; scope=; abstract=false; lazyInit=false; autowireMode=3; dependencyCheck=0; autowireCandidate=true; primary=false; factoryBeanName=org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.WebMvcAutoConfiguration$WebMvcAutoConfigurationAdapter; factoryMethodName=beanNameViewResolver; initMethodName=null; destroyMethodName=(inferred); defined in class path resource [org/springframework/boot/autoconfigure/web/WebMvcAutoConfiguration$WebMvcAutoConfigurationAdapter.class]]
2016-05-31 09:37:19.533  INFO 4268 --- [           main] .t.TomcatEmbeddedServletContainerFactory : Server initialized with port: 8080
2016-05-31 09:37:19.921  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.apache.catalina.core.StandardService   : Starting service Tomcat
2016-05-31 09:37:19.921  INFO 4268 --- [           main] org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine  : Starting Servlet Engine: Apache Tomcat/7.0.47
2016-05-31 09:37:20.155  INFO 4268 --- [ost-startStop-1] o.a.c.c.C.[Tomcat].[localhost].[/]       : Initializing Spring embedded WebApplicationContext
2016-05-31 09:37:20.155  INFO 4268 --- [ost-startStop-1] o.s.web.context.ContextLoader            : Root WebApplicationContext: initialization completed in 3826 ms
2016-05-31 09:37:21.718  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.w.s.handler.SimpleUrlHandlerMapping  : Mapped URL path [/**/favicon.ico] onto handler of type [class org.springframework.web.servlet.resource.ResourceHttpRequestHandler]
2016-05-31 09:37:21.824  INFO 4268 --- [           main] s.w.s.m.m.a.RequestMappingHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/hello],methods=[],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public java.lang.String cn.eguid.TestController.hello()
2016-05-31 09:37:21.824  INFO 4268 --- [           main] s.w.s.m.m.a.RequestMappingHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/error],methods=[],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public java.util.Map<java.lang.String, java.lang.Object> org.springframework.boot.actuate.web.BasicErrorController.error(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest)
2016-05-31 09:37:21.839  INFO 4268 --- [           main] s.w.s.m.m.a.RequestMappingHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/error],methods=[],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[text/html],custom=[]}" onto public org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView org.springframework.boot.actuate.web.BasicErrorController.errorHtml(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest)
2016-05-31 09:37:21.855  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.w.s.handler.SimpleUrlHandlerMapping  : Mapped URL path [/**] onto handler of type [class org.springframework.web.servlet.resource.ResourceHttpRequestHandler]
2016-05-31 09:37:21.855  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.w.s.handler.SimpleUrlHandlerMapping  : Mapped URL path [/webjars/**] onto handler of type [class org.springframework.web.servlet.resource.ResourceHttpRequestHandler]
2016-05-31 09:37:22.277  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.jmx.EndpointMBeanExporter      : Registering beans for JMX exposure on startup
2016-05-31 09:37:22.371  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.mvc.EndpointHandlerMapping     : Mapped "{[/shutdown],methods=[POST],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.ShutdownMvcEndpoint.invoke()
2016-05-31 09:37:22.371  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.mvc.EndpointHandlerMapping     : Mapped "{[/configprops],methods=[GET],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()
2016-05-31 09:37:22.371  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.mvc.EndpointHandlerMapping     : Mapped "{[/info],methods=[GET],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()
2016-05-31 09:37:22.371  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.mvc.EndpointHandlerMapping     : Mapped "{[/trace],methods=[GET],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()
2016-05-31 09:37:22.371  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.mvc.EndpointHandlerMapping     : Mapped "{[/beans],methods=[GET],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()
2016-05-31 09:37:22.371  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.mvc.EndpointHandlerMapping     : Mapped "{[/env/{name:.*}],methods=[GET],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EnvironmentMvcEndpoint.value(java.lang.String)
2016-05-31 09:37:22.371  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.mvc.EndpointHandlerMapping     : Mapped "{[/env],methods=[GET],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()
2016-05-31 09:37:22.371  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.mvc.EndpointHandlerMapping     : Mapped "{[/dump],methods=[GET],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()
2016-05-31 09:37:22.371  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.mvc.EndpointHandlerMapping     : Mapped "{[/metrics/{name:.*}],methods=[GET],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.MetricsMvcEndpoint.value(java.lang.String)
2016-05-31 09:37:22.371  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.mvc.EndpointHandlerMapping     : Mapped "{[/metrics],methods=[GET],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()
2016-05-31 09:37:22.371  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.mvc.EndpointHandlerMapping     : Mapped "{[/autoconfig],methods=[GET],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()
2016-05-31 09:37:22.371  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.mvc.EndpointHandlerMapping     : Mapped "{[/health],methods=[GET],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()
2016-05-31 09:37:22.371  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.c.support.DefaultLifecycleProcessor  : Starting beans in phase 0
2016-05-31 09:37:22.371  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.jmx.EndpointMBeanExporter      : Located managed bean 'environmentEndpoint': registering with JMX server as MBean [org.springframework.boot:type=Endpoint,name=environmentEndpoint]
2016-05-31 09:37:22.418  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.jmx.EndpointMBeanExporter      : Located managed bean 'healthEndpoint': registering with JMX server as MBean [org.springframework.boot:type=Endpoint,name=healthEndpoint]
2016-05-31 09:37:22.418  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.jmx.EndpointMBeanExporter      : Located managed bean 'beansEndpoint': registering with JMX server as MBean [org.springframework.boot:type=Endpoint,name=beansEndpoint]
2016-05-31 09:37:22.433  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.jmx.EndpointMBeanExporter      : Located managed bean 'infoEndpoint': registering with JMX server as MBean [org.springframework.boot:type=Endpoint,name=infoEndpoint]
2016-05-31 09:37:22.433  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.jmx.EndpointMBeanExporter      : Located managed bean 'metricsEndpoint': registering with JMX server as MBean [org.springframework.boot:type=Endpoint,name=metricsEndpoint]
2016-05-31 09:37:22.449  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.jmx.EndpointMBeanExporter      : Located managed bean 'traceEndpoint': registering with JMX server as MBean [org.springframework.boot:type=Endpoint,name=traceEndpoint]
2016-05-31 09:37:22.449  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.jmx.EndpointMBeanExporter      : Located managed bean 'dumpEndpoint': registering with JMX server as MBean [org.springframework.boot:type=Endpoint,name=dumpEndpoint]
2016-05-31 09:37:22.464  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.jmx.EndpointMBeanExporter      : Located managed bean 'autoConfigurationAuditEndpoint': registering with JMX server as MBean [org.springframework.boot:type=Endpoint,name=autoConfigurationAuditEndpoint]
2016-05-31 09:37:22.464  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.jmx.EndpointMBeanExporter      : Located managed bean 'shutdownEndpoint': registering with JMX server as MBean [org.springframework.boot:type=Endpoint,name=shutdownEndpoint]
2016-05-31 09:37:22.480  INFO 4268 --- [           main] o.s.b.a.e.jmx.EndpointMBeanExporter      : Located managed bean 'configurationPropertiesReportEndpoint': registering with JMX server as MBean [org.springframework.boot:type=Endpoint,name=configurationPropertiesReportEndpoint]
2016-05-31 09:37:22.558  INFO 4268 --- [           main] s.b.c.e.t.TomcatEmbeddedServletContainer : Tomcat started on port: 8080
2016-05-31 09:37:22.558  INFO 4268 --- [           main] cn.eguid.TestController                  : Started TestController in 7.833 seconds (JVM running for 9.301)





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