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ListView BaseAdapter中的观察者模式

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Android SDK源码中用到了很多开发模式,其中BaseAdapter就属于观察者模式


public abstract class BaseAdapter implements ListAdapter, SpinnerAdapter {
    private final DataSetObservable mDataSetObservable = new DataSetObservable();

    public boolean hasStableIds() {
        return false;
    }
    
    public void registerDataSetObserver(DataSetObserver observer) {
        mDataSetObservable.registerObserver(observer);
    }

    public void unregisterDataSetObserver(DataSetObserver observer) {
        mDataSetObservable.unregisterObserver(observer);
    }

中有DataSetObservable可被观察到的对象即被观察对象,这个对象将观察者对象加入到自己的观察者对象集中

public abstract class Observable<T> {
    /**
     * The list of observers.  An observer can be in the list at most
     * once and will never be null.
     */
    protected final ArrayList<T> mObservers = new ArrayList<T>();

    /**
     * Adds an observer to the list. The observer cannot be null and it must not already
     * be registered.
     * @param observer the observer to register
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException the observer is null
     * @throws IllegalStateException the observer is already registered
     */
    public void registerObserver(T observer) {
        if (observer == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("The observer is null.");
        }
        synchronized(mObservers) {
            if (mObservers.contains(observer)) {
                throw new IllegalStateException("Observer " + observer + " is already registered.");
            }
            mObservers.add(observer);
        }
    }

每次改变ListView的数据的时候,需要notifyDataSetChanged,这个实现是 mDataSetObservable.notifyChanged();

被观察者对象调用方法

public class DataSetObservable extends Observable<DataSetObserver> {
    /**
     * Invokes {@link DataSetObserver#onChanged} on each observer.
     * Called when the contents of the data set have changed.  The recipient
     * will obtain the new contents the next time it queries the data set.
     */
    public void notifyChanged() {
        synchronized(mObservers) {
            // since onChanged() is implemented by the app, it could do anything, including
            // removing itself from {@link mObservers} - and that could cause problems if
            // an iterator is used on the ArrayList {@link mObservers}.
            // to avoid such problems, just march thru the list in the reverse order.
            for (int i = mObservers.size() - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
                mObservers.get(i).onChanged();
            }
        }
    }
然后观察者对象在onChanged方法中去处理。

还有个问题,registerDataSetObserver(DataSetObserver observer)什么时候被调用的

看源码发现原来是在ListView的setAdapter方法中调用的

 @Override
    public void setAdapter(ListAdapter adapter) {
        if (mAdapter != null && mDataSetObserver != null) {
            mAdapter.unregisterDataSetObserver(mDataSetObserver);
        }

        resetList();
        mRecycler.clear();

        if (mHeaderViewInfos.size() > 0|| mFooterViewInfos.size() > 0) {
            mAdapter = new HeaderViewListAdapter(mHeaderViewInfos, mFooterViewInfos, adapter);
        } else {
            mAdapter = adapter;
        }

        mOldSelectedPosition = INVALID_POSITION;
        mOldSelectedRowId = INVALID_ROW_ID;

        // AbsListView#setAdapter will update choice mode states.
        super.setAdapter(adapter);

        if (mAdapter != null) {
            mAreAllItemsSelectable = mAdapter.areAllItemsEnabled();
            mOldItemCount = mItemCount;
            mItemCount = mAdapter.getCount();
            checkFocus();

            mDataSetObserver = new AdapterDataSetObserver();
            mAdapter.registerDataSetObserver(mDataSetObserver);

            mRecycler.setViewTypeCount(mAdapter.getViewTypeCount());

            int position;
            if (mStackFromBottom) {
                position = lookForSelectablePosition(mItemCount - 1, false);
            } else {
                position = lookForSelectablePosition(0, true);
            }
            setSelectedPositionInt(position);
            setNextSelectedPositionInt(position);

            if (mItemCount == 0) {
                // Nothing selected
                checkSelectionChanged();
            }
        } else {
            mAreAllItemsSelectable = true;
            checkFocus();
            // Nothing selected
            checkSelectionChanged();
        }

        requestLayout();
    }

看到里面初始化了一个对象AdapterDataSetObserver,这个对象在AbsListView里的内部类

 class AdapterDataSetObserver extends AdapterView<ListAdapter>.AdapterDataSetObserver {
        @Override
        public void onChanged() {
            super.onChanged();
            if (mFastScroll != null) {
                mFastScroll.onSectionsChanged();
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void onInvalidated() {
            super.onInvalidated();
            if (mFastScroll != null) {
                mFastScroll.onSectionsChanged();
            }
        }
    }

实现了具体的onChanged方法,好了,基本理清楚Adapter里面怎么通知更新数据了。


但是上面有个FastScroller对象,这个类找了半天没找到在哪,在GC上搜说在android.widget包下,但是并没有。

有知道是为什么得吗?麻烦请教一下!


最后补充看RecycleView的源码,里面也是观察者模式,但是整体感觉RecycleView比ListView更好!有空可以学习学习












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