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springmvc+shiro+maven 实现登录认证与权限授权管理

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       Shiro Shiro 是一个 Apache 下的一开源项目项目,旨在简化身份验证和授权。

 1:shiro的配置,通过maven加入shiro相关jar包

<!-- shiro -->  
    <dependency>  
        <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>  
        <artifactId>shiro-core</artifactId>  
        <version>1.2.1</version>  
    </dependency>  
    <dependency>  
        <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>  
        <artifactId>shiro-web</artifactId>  
        <version>1.2.1</version>  
    </dependency>  
    <dependency>  
        <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>  
        <artifactId>shiro-ehcache</artifactId>  
        <version>1.2.1</version>  
    </dependency>  
    <dependency>  
        <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>  
        <artifactId>shiro-spring</artifactId>  
        <version>1.2.1</version>  
    </dependency>  

2 :在web.xml中添加shiro过滤器

<!-- 配置shiro的核心拦截器 -->  
   <filter>  
        <filter-name>shiroFilter</filter-name>  
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy</filter-class>  
    </filter>  
    <filter-mapping>  
        <filter-name>shiroFilter</filter-name>  
        <url-pattern>/admin/*</url-pattern>  
    </filter-mapping>  

3: springmvc中对shiro配置

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"  
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"  
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"  
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"  
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.2.xsd   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.2.xsd   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.2.xsd   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.2.xsd ">  
  
    <!-- web.xml中shiro的filter对应的bean -->  
    <bean id="shiroFilter" class="org.apache.shiro.spring.web.ShiroFilterFactoryBean">  
        <!-- 管理器,必须设置 -->  
        <property name="securityManager" ref="securityManager" />  
        <!-- 拦截到,跳转到的地址,通过此地址去认证 -->  
        <property name="loginUrl" value="/admin/login.do" />  
        <!-- 认证成功统一跳转到/admin/index.do,建议不配置,shiro认证成功自动到上一个请求路径 -->  
        <property name="successUrl" value="/admin/index.do" />  
        <!-- 通过unauthorizedUrl指定没有权限操作时跳转页面 -->  
        <property name="unauthorizedUrl" value="/refuse.jsp" />  
        <!-- 自定义filter,可用来更改默认的表单名称配置 -->  
        <property name="filters">  
            <map>  
                <!-- 将自定义 的FormAuthenticationFilter注入shiroFilter中 -->  
                <entry key="authc" value-ref="formAuthenticationFilter" />  
            </map>  
        </property>  
        <property name="filterChainDefinitions">  
            <value>  
                <!-- 对静态资源设置匿名访问 -->  
                /images/** = anon  
                /js/** = anon  
                /styles/** = anon  
                <!-- 验证码,可匿名访问 -->  
                /validatecode.jsp = anon  
                <!-- 请求 logout.do地址,shiro去清除session -->  
                /admin/logout.do = logout  
                <!--商品查询需要商品查询权限 ,取消url拦截配置,使用注解授权方式 -->  
                <!-- /items/queryItems.action = perms[item:query] /items/editItems.action   
                    = perms[item:edit] -->  
                <!-- 配置记住我或认证通过可以访问的地址 -->  
                /welcome.jsp = user  
                /admin/index.do = user  
                <!-- /** = authc 所有url都必须认证通过才可以访问 -->  
                /** = authc  
            </value>  
        </property>  
    </bean>  
  
    <!-- securityManager安全管理器 -->  
    <bean id="securityManager" class="org.apache.shiro.web.mgt.DefaultWebSecurityManager">  
        <property name="realm" ref="customRealm" />  
        <!-- 注入缓存管理器 -->  
        <property name="cacheManager" ref="cacheManager" />  
        <!-- 注入session管理器 -->  
        <!-- <property name="sessionManager" ref="sessionManager" /> -->  
        <!-- 记住我 -->  
        <property name="rememberMeManager" ref="rememberMeManager" />  
    </bean>  
  
    <!-- 自定义realm -->  
    <bean id="customRealm" class="com.zhijianj.stucheck.shiro.CustomRealm">  
        <!-- 将凭证匹配器设置到realm中,realm按照凭证匹配器的要求进行散列 -->  
        <!-- <property name="credentialsMatcher" ref="credentialsMatcher" /> -->  
    </bean>  
  
    <!-- 凭证匹配器 -->  
    <bean id="credentialsMatcher"  
        class="org.apache.shiro.authc.credential.HashedCredentialsMatcher">  
        <!-- 选用MD5散列算法 -->  
        <property name="hashAlgorithmName" value="md5" />  
        <!-- 进行一次加密 -->  
        <property name="hashIterations" value="1" />  
    </bean>  
  
    <!-- 自定义form认证过虑器 -->  
    <!-- 基于Form表单的身份验证过滤器,不配置将也会注册此过虑器,表单中的用户账号、密码及loginurl将采用默认值,建议配置 -->  
    <!-- 可通过此配置,判断验证码 -->  
    <bean id="formAuthenticationFilter"  
        class="com.zhijianj.stucheck.shiro.CustomFormAuthenticationFilter ">  
        <!-- 表单中账号的input名称,默认为username -->  
        <property name="usernameParam" value="username" />  
        <!-- 表单中密码的input名称,默认为password -->  
        <property name="passwordParam" value="password" />  
        <!-- 记住我input的名称,默认为rememberMe -->  
        <property name="rememberMeParam" value="rememberMe" />  
    </bean>  
    <!-- 会话管理器 -->  
    <bean id="sessionManager"  
        class="org.apache.shiro.web.session.mgt.DefaultWebSessionManager">  
        <!-- session的失效时长,单位毫秒 -->  
        <property name="globalSessionTimeout" value="600000" />  
        <!-- 删除失效的session -->  
        <property name="deleteInvalidSessions" value="true" />  
    </bean>  
    <!-- 缓存管理器 -->  
    <bean id="cacheManager" class="org.apache.shiro.cache.ehcache.EhCacheManager">  
        <property name="cacheManagerConfigFile" value="classpath:shiro-ehcache.xml" />  
    </bean>  
    <!-- rememberMeManager管理器,写cookie,取出cookie生成用户信息 -->  
    <bean id="rememberMeManager" class="org.apache.shiro.web.mgt.CookieRememberMeManager">  
        <property name="cookie" ref="rememberMeCookie" />  
    </bean>  
    <!-- 记住我cookie -->  
    <bean id="rememberMeCookie" class="org.apache.shiro.web.servlet.SimpleCookie">  
        <!-- rememberMe是cookie的名字 -->  
        <constructor-arg value="rememberMe" />  
        <!-- 记住我cookie生效时间30天 -->  
        <property name="maxAge" value="2592000" />  
    </bean>  
</beans>  

4 :自定义Realm编码

public class CustomRealm extends AuthorizingRealm {  
    // 设置realm的名称  
    @Override  
    public void setName(String name) {  
        super.setName("customRealm");  
    }  
  
    @Autowired  
    private AdminUserService adminUserService;  
  
    /** 
     * 认证 
     */  
    @Override  
    protected AuthenticationInfo doGetAuthenticationInfo(AuthenticationToken token) throws AuthenticationException {  
  
        // token中包含用户输入的用户名和密码  
        // 第一步从token中取出用户名  
        String userName = (String) token.getPrincipal();  
        // 第二步:根据用户输入的userCode从数据库查询  
        TAdminUser adminUser = adminUserService.getAdminUserByUserName(userName);  
        // 如果查询不到返回null  
        if (adminUser == null) {//  
            return null;  
        }  
        // 获取数据库中的密码  
        String password = adminUser.getPassword();  
        /** 
         * 认证的用户,正确的密码 
         */  
        AuthenticationInfo authcInfo = new SimpleAuthenticationInfo(adminUser, password, this.getName());  
               //MD5 加密+加盐+多次加密  
//<span style="color:#ff0000;">SimpleAuthenticationInfo authcInfo = new SimpleAuthenticationInfo(adminUser, password,ByteSource.Util.bytes(salt), this.getName());</span>  
        return authcInfo;  
    }  
  
    /** 
     * 授权,只有成功通过<span style="font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;">doGetAuthenticationInfo方法的认证后才会执行。</span> 
     */  
    @Override  
    protected AuthorizationInfo doGetAuthorizationInfo(PrincipalCollection principals) {  
        // 从 principals获取主身份信息  
        // 将getPrimaryPrincipal方法返回值转为真实身份类型(在上边的doGetAuthenticationInfo认证通过填充到SimpleAuthenticationInfo中身份类型),  
        TAdminUser activeUser = (TAdminUser) principals.getPrimaryPrincipal();  
        // 根据身份信息获取权限信息  
        // 从数据库获取到权限数据  
        TAdminRole adminRoles = adminUserService.getAdminRoles(activeUser);  
        // 单独定一个集合对象  
        List<String> permissions = new ArrayList<String>();  
        if (adminRoles != null) {  
            permissions.add(adminRoles.getRoleKey());  
        }  
        // 查到权限数据,返回授权信息(要包括 上边的permissions)  
        SimpleAuthorizationInfo simpleAuthorizationInfo = new SimpleAuthorizationInfo();  
        // 将上边查询到授权信息填充到simpleAuthorizationInfo对象中  
        simpleAuthorizationInfo.addStringPermissions(permissions);  
        return simpleAuthorizationInfo;  
    }  
  
    // 清除缓存  
    public void clearCached() {  
        PrincipalCollection principals = SecurityUtils.getSubject().getPrincipals();  
        super.clearCache(principals);  
    }  
}  

5 缓存配置

ehcache.xml代码如下:

<ehcache updateCheck="false" name="shiroCache">  
    <defaultCache  
            maxElementsInMemory="10000"  
            eternal="false"  
            timeToIdleSeconds="120"  
            timeToLiveSeconds="120"  
            overflowToDisk="false"  
            diskPersistent="false"  
            diskExpiryThreadIntervalSeconds="120"  
            />  
</ehcache> 
通过使用ehache中就避免第次都向服务器发送权限授权(doGetAuthorizationInfo)的请求。

6.自定义表单编码过滤器

CustomFormAuthenticationFilter代码,认证之前调用,可用于验证码校验

public class CustomFormAuthenticationFilter extends FormAuthenticationFilter {  
    // 原FormAuthenticationFilter的认证方法  
    @Override  
    protected boolean onAccessDenied(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response) throws Exception {  
        // 在这里进行验证码的校验  
  
        // 从session获取正确验证码  
        HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest = (HttpServletRequest) request;  
        HttpSession session = httpServletRequest.getSession();  
        // 取出session的验证码(正确的验证码)  
        String validateCode = (String) session.getAttribute("validateCode");  
  
        // 取出页面的验证码  
        // 输入的验证和session中的验证进行对比  
        String randomcode = httpServletRequest.getParameter("randomcode");  
        if (randomcode != null && validateCode != null && !randomcode.equals(validateCode)) {  
            // 如果校验失败,将验证码错误失败信息,通过shiroLoginFailure设置到request中  
            httpServletRequest.setAttribute("shiroLoginFailure", "randomCodeError");  
            // 拒绝访问,不再校验账号和密码  
            return true;  
        }  
        return super.onAccessDenied(request, response);  
    }  
}  

在此符上验证码jsp界面的代码  validatecode.jsp

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"  
    pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>  
<%@ page import="java.util.Random"%>  
<%@ page import="java.io.OutputStream"%>  
<%@ page import="java.awt.Color"%>  
<%@ page import="java.awt.Font"%>  
<%@ page import="java.awt.Graphics"%>  
<%@ page import="java.awt.image.BufferedImage"%>  
<%@ page import="javax.imageio.ImageIO"%>  
<%  
    int width = 60;  
    int height = 32;  
    //create the image  
    BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);  
    Graphics g = image.getGraphics();  
    // set the background color  
    g.setColor(new Color(0xDCDCDC));  
    g.fillRect(0, 0, width, height);  
    // draw the border  
    g.setColor(Color.black);  
    g.drawRect(0, 0, width - 1, height - 1);  
    // create a random instance to generate the codes  
    Random rdm = new Random();  
    String hash1 = Integer.toHexString(rdm.nextInt());  
    // make some confusion  
    for (int i = 0; i < 50; i++) {  
        int x = rdm.nextInt(width);  
        int y = rdm.nextInt(height);  
        g.drawOval(x, y, 0, 0);  
    }  
    // generate a random code  
    String capstr = hash1.substring(0, 4);  
    //将生成的验证码存入session  
    session.setAttribute("validateCode", capstr);  
    g.setColor(new Color(0, 100, 0));  
    g.setFont(new Font("Candara", Font.BOLD, 24));  
    g.drawString(capstr, 8, 24);  
    g.dispose();  
    //输出图片  
    response.setContentType("image/jpeg");  
    out.clear();  
    out = pageContext.pushBody();  
    OutputStream strm = response.getOutputStream();  
    ImageIO.write(image, "jpeg", strm);  
    strm.close();  
%>  
7.登录控制器方法

/** 
 * 到登录界面 
 *  
 * @return 
 * @throws Exception 
 */  
@RequestMapping("login.do")  
public String adminPage(HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception {  
    // 如果登陆失败从request中获取认证异常信息,shiroLoginFailure就是shiro异常类的全限定名  
    String exceptionClassName = (String) request.getAttribute("shiroLoginFailure");  
    // 根据shiro返回的异常类路径判断,抛出指定异常信息  
    if (exceptionClassName != null) {  
        if (UnknownAccountException.class.getName().equals(exceptionClassName)) {  
            // 最终会抛给异常处理器  
            throw new CustomJsonException("账号不存在");  
        } else if (IncorrectCredentialsException.class.getName().equals(exceptionClassName)) {  
            throw new CustomJsonException("用户名/密码错误");  
        } else if ("randomCodeError".equals(exceptionClassName)) {  
            throw new CustomJsonException("验证码错误 ");  
        } else {  
            throw new Exception();// 最终在异常处理器生成未知错误  
        }  
    }  
    // 此方法不处理登陆成功(认证成功),shiro认证成功会自动跳转到上一个请求路径  
    // 登陆失败还到login页面  
    return "admin/login";  
}  

8.用户回显Controller

当用户登录认证成功后,CustomRealm在调用完doGetAuthenticationInfo时,通过

AuthenticationInfo authcInfo = new SimpleAuthenticationInfo(adminUser, password, this.getName());  
    return authcInfo; 
SimpleAuthenticationInfo构造参数的第一个参数传入一个用户的对象,之后,可通过Subject subject = SecurityUtils.getSubject();中的subject.getPrincipal()获取到此对象。所以需要回显用户信息时,我这样调用的

@RequestMapping("index.do")  
public String index(Model model) {  
    //从shiro的session中取activeUser  
    Subject subject = SecurityUtils.getSubject();  
    //取身份信息  
    TAdminUser adminUser =  (TAdminUser) subject.getPrincipal();  
    //通过model传到页面  
    model.addAttribute("adminUser", adminUser);  
    return "admin/index";  
}  

9.在jsp页面中控制权限

先引入shiro的头文件

<!-- shiro头引入 -->  
<%@ taglib uri="http://shiro.apache.org/tags" prefix="shiro"%>  
采用shiro标签对权限进行处理

<!-- 有curd权限才显示修改链接,没有该 权限不显示,相当 于if(hasPermission(curd)) -->  
                <shiro:hasPermission name="curd">  
                    <BR />  
                    我拥有超级的增删改查权限额  
                </shiro:hasPermission>  

10.在Controller控制权限

通过@RequiresPermissions注解,指定执行此controller中某个请求方法需要的权限
@RequestMapping("/queryInfo.do")  
    @RequiresPermissions("q")//执行需要"q"权限  
    public ModelAndView queryItems(HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception { }

11.MD5加密加盐处理

这里以修改密码为例,通过获取新的密码(明文)后通过MD5加密+加盐+3次加密为例
@RequestMapping("updatePassword.do")  
    @ResponseBody  
    public String updateAdminUserPassword(String newPassword) {  
        // 从shiro的session中取activeUser  
        Subject subject = SecurityUtils.getSubject();  
        // 取身份信息  
        TAdminUser adminUser = (TAdminUser) subject.getPrincipal();  
        // 生成salt,随机生成  
        SecureRandomNumberGenerator secureRandomNumberGenerator = new SecureRandomNumberGenerator();  
        String salt = secureRandomNumberGenerator.nextBytes().toHex();  
        Md5Hash md5 = new Md5Hash(newPassword, salt, 3);  
        String newMd5Password = md5.toHex();  
        // 设置新密码  
        adminUser.setPassword(newMd5Password);  
        // 设置盐  
        adminUser.setSalt(salt);  
        adminUserService.updateAdminUserPassword(adminUser);  
        return newPassword;  
    }  



















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