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C语言offsetof宏的说明

标签: 语言cstructureparameters编译器types
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offsetof  :
    Retrieves the offset of a member from the beginning of its parent structure.

size_t offsetof(structName, memberName);

Parameters:
    structName : Name of the parent data structure.
    memberName :Name of the member in the parent data structure for which to determine the offset.

Return Value : offsetof returns the offset in bytes of the specified member from 
          the beginning of its parent data structure. It is undefined for bit fields.
Remarks :
    The offsetof macro returns the offset in bytes of memberName from the beginning of the structure specified by structName. You can specify types with the struct keyword.

Note  :
    offsetof is not a function and cannot be described using a C prototype.

 

 #define offsetof(s, m)   (size_t)&(((s *)0)->m)

s是一个结构名,它有一个名为m的成员(s和m 是宏offsetof的形参,它实际是返回结构s的成员m的偏移地址.

(s *)0 是骗编译器说有一个指向类(或结构)s的指针,其地址值0 

&((s *)0)->m   是要取得类s中成员变量m的地址. 因基址为0,这时m的地址当然就是m在s中的偏移

最后转换size_t 型,即unsigned int。

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