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代数-方程

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代数-方程

flyfish 2015-11-19 笔记

方程(equation):含有未知量的等式。
一次方程(simple equation):未知量的最高次数是1次的方程。
二次方程(quadratic equation):未知量的最高次是2次的方程。


If 3 more than x is 2 less than 9,what is the value of x?
x+3=9-2


A restaurant has 19 tables that can seat a total of 84 people. Some of the tables seat 4 people and the others seat 5 people. How many tables seat 4 people?

假设4人桌有x张,则5人桌有19-x张。4x+5(19-x)=84,x=11


The cost of a telephone call using a long-distance carrier A is $1.00 for any time up to and including 30 minutes and $0.07 per minute thereafter. The cost using long-distance carrier B is $0.06 per minute for any amount of time. For a call that lasts t minutes,the cost using carrier A is the same as the cost using carrier B. If t is a positive integer greater than 30,what is the value of t?

A的花费由2部分组成:30分钟以内的基本费用以及超出30分钟的额外费用,
所以A的费用表达式为1+(t-30)·0.07;而B不设基本费用,它的费用表达式为0.06t。
所以1+(t-30)*0.07=0.06*t
t=110

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