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mysql自动分区自动清理

标签: mysqlpartition自动分区
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1. 概述

mysql分区表功能特别有用,其中一个应用就是保存固定时间的数据信息,自动分区自动purge,不用担心数据量越积累越多。

比较实用的一个实现方式是表一天一个分区,保持固定天数的数据。

2. 完整的SQL

以数据库log为例,里面有一个表tb_log, 按天分区,始终保存最新的30天的数据。

存储过程sp_create_log_partition和sp_drop_log_partition用于创建和删除分区。

事件event_log_auto_partition每天执行一次,用于向前创建新的分区和删除过期的分区。

存储过程和事件结合使用就实现了tb_log数据的自动分区自动删除。

--
-- Definition for database log
--
DROP DATABASE IF EXISTS log;
CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS log
CHARACTER SET utf8
COLLATE utf8_general_ci;

-- 
-- Set default database
--
USE log;

--
-- Definition for table tb_log
--
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS tb_log (
  id bigint(20) UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  created_at datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
  log varchar(512) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  PRIMARY KEY (id, created_at)
)
ENGINE = INNODB
AUTO_INCREMENT = 1
AVG_ROW_LENGTH = 16384
CHARACTER SET utf8mb4
COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci
PARTITION BY RANGE(TO_DAYS(created_at))
(
PARTITION pbasic VALUES LESS THAN (0)
);

DELIMITER $$

--
-- Definition for procedure sp_create_log_partition
--
CREATE DEFINER = 'uiadmin'@'%'
PROCEDURE sp_create_log_partition (day_value datetime, tb_name varchar(128))
BEGIN
  DECLARE par_name varchar(32);
  DECLARE par_value varchar(32);
  DECLARE _err int(1);
  DECLARE par_exist int(1);
  DECLARE CONTINUE HANDLER FOR SQLEXCEPTION, SQLWARNING, NOT FOUND SET _err = 1;
  START TRANSACTION;
    SET par_name = CONCAT('p', DATE_FORMAT(day_value, '%Y%m%d'));
    SELECT
      COUNT(1) INTO par_exist
    FROM information_schema.PARTITIONS
    WHERE TABLE_SCHEMA = 'log' AND TABLE_NAME = tb_name AND PARTITION_NAME = par_name;
    IF (par_exist = 0) THEN
      SET par_value = DATE_FORMAT(day_value, '%Y-%m-%d');
      SET @alter_sql = CONCAT('alter table ', tb_name, ' add PARTITION (PARTITION ', par_name, ' VALUES LESS THAN (TO_DAYS("', par_value, '")+1))');
      PREPARE stmt1 FROM @alter_sql;
      EXECUTE stmt1;
    END IF;
  END
  $$

--
-- Definition for procedure sp_drop_log_partition
--
CREATE DEFINER = 'uiadmin'@'%'
PROCEDURE sp_drop_log_partition (day_value datetime, tb_name varchar(128))
BEGIN
  DECLARE str_day varchar(64);
  DECLARE _err int(1);
  DECLARE done int DEFAULT 0;
  DECLARE par_name varchar(64);
  DECLARE cur_partition_name CURSOR FOR
  SELECT
    partition_name
  FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.PARTITIONS
  WHERE TABLE_SCHEMA = 'log' AND table_name = tb_name
  ORDER BY partition_ordinal_position;
  DECLARE CONTINUE HANDLER FOR SQLEXCEPTION, SQLWARNING, NOT FOUND SET _err = 1;
  DECLARE CONTINUE HANDLER FOR SQLSTATE '02000' SET done = 1;
  SET str_day = DATE_FORMAT(day_value, '%Y%m%d');
  OPEN cur_partition_name;
  REPEAT
    FETCH cur_partition_name INTO par_name;
    IF (str_day > SUBSTRING(par_name, 2)) THEN
      SET @alter_sql = CONCAT('alter table ', tb_name, ' drop PARTITION ', par_name);
      PREPARE stmt1 FROM @alter_sql;
      EXECUTE stmt1;
    END IF;
  UNTIL done END REPEAT;
  CLOSE cur_partition_name;
END
$$

--
-- Definition for event event_log_auto_partition
--
CREATE
DEFINER = 'uiadmin'@'%'
EVENT event_log_auto_partition
ON SCHEDULE EVERY '1' DAY
STARTS '1972-01-01 00:00:00'
ON COMPLETION PRESERVE
DO
BEGIN
  CALL sp_create_log_partition(DATE_ADD(NOW(), INTERVAL - 3 DAY), 'tb_log');
  CALL sp_create_log_partition(DATE_ADD(NOW(), INTERVAL - 2 DAY), 'tb_log');
  CALL sp_create_log_partition(DATE_ADD(NOW(), INTERVAL - 1 DAY), 'tb_log');
  CALL sp_create_log_partition(NOW(), 'tb_log');
  CALL sp_create_log_partition(DATE_ADD(NOW(), INTERVAL 1 DAY), 'tb_log');
  CALL sp_create_log_partition(DATE_ADD(NOW(), INTERVAL 2 DAY), 'tb_log');
  CALL sp_create_log_partition(DATE_ADD(NOW(), INTERVAL 3 DAY), 'tb_log');
  CALL sp_drop_log_partition(DATE_ADD(NOW(), INTERVAL - 30 DAY), 'tb_log');

END
$$

--
-- Create partitions based on current time
--
CALL sp_create_log_partition(DATE_ADD(NOW(), INTERVAL - 3 DAY), 'tb_log')$$
CALL sp_create_log_partition(DATE_ADD(NOW(), INTERVAL - 2 DAY), 'tb_log')$$
CALL sp_create_log_partition(DATE_ADD(NOW(), INTERVAL - 1 DAY), 'tb_log')$$
CALL sp_create_log_partition(NOW(), 'tb_log')$$
CALL sp_create_log_partition(DATE_ADD(NOW(), INTERVAL 1 DAY), 'tb_log')$$
CALL sp_create_log_partition(DATE_ADD(NOW(), INTERVAL 2 DAY), 'tb_log')$$
CALL sp_create_log_partition(DATE_ADD(NOW(), INTERVAL 3 DAY), 'tb_log')$$

DELIMITER ;

3. 查看分区

select TABLE_SCHEMA, TABLE_NAME,PARTITION_NAME from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.PARTITIONS where TABLE_SCHEMA='log' and table_name='tb_log';

在磁盘上一个分区表现为一个文件,所以删除操作会很快完成的。




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