IDES学习――用采购订单进行公司间转储

原创 2007年09月30日 13:25:00
 
IDES学习――用采购订单进行公司间转储
这章学习的不太好,总觉得思路很乱的。BP上用采购订单转储说的是另一种方法,建立转储的采购订单,我个人觉得比这个建立标准采购订单要好。先将IDES中的方法练习一遍吧!
目的:
The business requirement is: Transfer materials between different company codes and bill such transfers accordingly.业务需求是:物料在不同的公司代码间进行转储,转储间支付费用。
In view of the accelerating trend towards globalization and the rapid increase in the number of company mergers, internal financial and logistical processes within corporate groups are acquiring increasing significance.考虑到国际化趋势和日益增长的公司合并,集团内的财务和物流合并的重要性已经越来越明显。
For example, a production plant in the automotive industry may procure components from a supplier that, despite legally and technically belonging to a different company, is actually a member of the same corporate group - a far from exceptional situation these days.例如:一个汽车产业的生产性工厂,需要从供应商取得零件,尽管法律和技术上供应商和自己是属于不同的公司,但是实际上是属于同一个集团组织的,目前总是有些例外的情况发生的。
Such a procurement process differs from true external procurement largely as a result of the fact that the associated value flows have to be consolidated for group accounting purposes.这种进货过程和真正的外部采购是有着很大的不同的,因为合并集团的会计流程也是相关联的。
In all other respects, the processing of a normal customer-supplier relationship is necessary. Above all, this involves the following:在其他方面,正常的客户供应商关系是必要的。毕竟,这包含着以下的流程:
  • It should be possible to carry out a complete ordering process in the procuring plant. For this purpose, it is necessary to be able to treat the supplying plant as a vendor in the system. It must be possible to carry out a complete price determination process in the purchase order, taking delivery costs (incidental procurement costs) into account where applicable. Furthermore, it should ideally be possible to monitor delivery of the goods. This requires continuous updating of the PO history (history of the transactions ensuing from the purchase order) and possibly the use of vendor confirmations (which may or may not be MRP-relevant). 需求公司希望可以执行一个完全有序的采购过程。出于这个目的,在系统中将提供原料的公司做为供应商来管理。这就必须在采购订单中制定准确的价格,将运费(杂费等非经营性费用)计入相对应的会计科目。此外,还可很好的对运费进行监控管理。这需要持续更新采购订单历史(交易确认),及时更新供应商确认(可以MRP不相关也可以MRP不相关)
  • In the supplying plant, the implementation of a complete sales order processing cycle is desirable. This includes order entry (with the receiving plant as the customer), a sales-side price determination function, delivery and billing options, and monitoring of the document flow.(在供应工厂中,执行完整的销售过程也是很重要的。这包括订单的输入(将接收工厂做为客户来管理),确定销售价格,运费和开账单,控制文件流)
  • All processes must be capable of being monitored by the inventory management department in both the receiving and the supplying plants. In particular, the volume of stock in transit must be known at all times.所有的过程都由接收和发送工厂的库存管理部门控制,特别的,传输过程中的库存在中间的任何时候都是可查的。
In the following example, the Hamburg plant (1000) of the IDES Corp. (company code 1000) procures shock absorbers (material number 1300-260) from the Heathrow/Hayes plant (2000) of IDES UK (company code 2000). To enable the Hamburg plant to order materials, a vendor master record exists for the Heathrow/Hayes plant (4444). The assignment of this record to the plant is carried out in the "additional data" for Purchasing.(不懂) Conversely, the Hamburg plant is linked to a customer master record (1185) to facilitate shipping operations on the part of the supplying plant Heathrow/Hayes.在接下来的例子中,工厂(1000Hamburg向工厂(2000) Heathrow/Hayes 订购了缓冲器1300-260Hamburg工厂为了能够在系统中下订单,Heathrow/Hayes一定要做为供应商主数据存在在系统中。对弈昂的,Hamburg工厂一定要做为客户主数据在Heathrow/Hayes工厂的系统中。
 
过程:
  1. Checking the Current Stock of a Material in the Supplying Plant查看供货工厂的库存
  2. Creating a Purchase Order创建采购订单
  3. Checking the Stock/Requirement List in the Receiving Plant接收工厂查看库存/需求清单
  4. Creating and Processing a Delivery创建发货单,发货过帐
  5. Stock Situation in Receiving Plant After Goods Issue Posting 发货工厂发货后,接收工厂查看库存情况
  6. Creating Billing Documents创建账单
  7. Posting the Goods Receipt in the Receiving Plant接收库存
  8. Stock Situation After Goods Receipt 接收库存之后的库存情况
  9. Posting the Invoice in the Receiving Plant做发票
 
 
1)      Checking the Current Stock of a Material in the Supplying Plant查看供货工厂的库存
T-CODE:MMBE
1)         Creating a Purchase Order创建采购订单
T-CODE:ME21N
2)      Checking the Stock/Requirement List in the Receiving Plant接收工厂查看库存/需求清单
3)      Creating and Processing a Delivery创建发货单,发货过帐
(1)创建发货单T-CODE:VL10B
这个时候按退回到“装运“采购订单,快速显示”的活动到期日”界面。点击进入采购订单显示的界面,在项目的“采购订单历史”中,出现了交货单的凭证。
可以点击这个物料凭证80014619进入,效果和用T-CODE:VL03N查看一样的:
(2) T-CODELT03 (创建交货单所用的转储单)
The system generates a transfer order for the picking of the delivery quantities. Option 2 (Adopt picking quantity) ensures that the goods issue posting is made at the same time as the delivery 系统为了发货创建了转储单。采购拣配数量2保证了物料发料的交货和过帐发货中包括领料的数量
出现了错误,错误提示:
物料1300-260不存在或未激活
消息号 M3305
Diagnosis
You wanted to display or process data on the material 1300-260. However, the material does not yet exist; that is, it has not yet been created, or its creation has been scheduled, but the material has not yet been activated.
Procedure
Check and correct your entry.
这个步骤是做什么的,我不清楚阿!好像即使错误也可以过帐的。谁告诉我一下?
4)      Checking the Stock/Requirement List in the Receiving Plant接收工厂查看库存/需求清单
T-CODE:MD04
The creation of the purchase order has a direct effect on the quantity of the material regarded as available in the receiving plant as per the planned delivery date (plus a GR processing time of 3 days). The transaction is thus immediately MRP-relevant in this plant.
如果创建采购申请,此物料申请的数量在接收工厂在计划交货日的时候就会被做为可用库存(加上GR处理时间3天)。此交易在工厂的MRP中立即会被显示。
注意:
采购订单的计划交货日期为:01.10.2007,而物料1300-260 主数据的采购视图中收货处理时间为1天。所以MD04中看到的可用日是02.10.2007,即“采购订单的计划交货日期+收货处理时间”。
2)         发货过帐
T-CODEVL02N
5)      Creating Billing Documents创建账单
T-CODE:VF01
6)      Posting the Goods Receipt in the Receiving Plant 接收货物
T-CODEMIGO
输入采购订单号码,系统会自动将订单中相关内容带出。
7)      Stock Situation After Goods Receipt 接收库存之后的库存情况
T-CODEMB52MMBE
 
这里对比之前的可以看出:工厂0001库存由52变为62,工厂0002库存由893变成了883.
8)      Posting the Invoice in the Receiving Plant做发票
注意:做采购发票的工厂是1000,需要调整好,要不会提示错误的。
按 “模拟”:
 
 

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