Android 表单模拟,文件上传!

原创 2013年12月01日 20:08:11

收藏两端代码,以后直接用!大笑大笑大笑大笑

FormFile.java表单文件对象,用于初始化一个文件。

public class FormFile {

	/* 上传文件的数据 */
    private byte[] data;
    private InputStream inStream;
    private File file;
    /* 文件名称 */
    private String filname;
    /* 请求参数名称*/
    private String parameterName;
    /* 内容类型 */
    private String contentType = "application/octet-stream";
    
    public FormFile(String filname, byte[] data, String parameterName, String contentType) {
        this.data = data;
        this.filname = filname;
        this.parameterName = parameterName;
        if(contentType!=null) this.contentType = contentType;
    }
    
    public FormFile(String filname, File file, String parameterName, String contentType) {
        this.filname = filname;
        this.parameterName = parameterName;
        this.file = file;
        try {
            this.inStream = new FileInputStream(file);
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        if(contentType!=null) this.contentType = contentType;
    }
    
    public File getFile() {
        return file;
    }

    public InputStream getInStream() {
        return inStream;
    }

    public byte[] getData() {
        return data;
    }

    public String getFilname() {
        return filname;
    }

    public void setFilname(String filname) {
        this.filname = filname;
    }

    public String getParameterName() {
        return parameterName;
    }

    public void setParameterName(String parameterName) {
        this.parameterName = parameterName;
    }

    public String getContentType() {
        return contentType;
    }

    public void setContentType(String contentType) {
        this.contentType = contentType;
    }
    
}


SocketHttpRequester.java发送表单数据到服务器

public class SocketHttpRequester {
	/**
     * 直接通过HTTP协议提交数据到服务器,实现如下面表单提交功能:
     *   <FORM METHOD=POST ACTION="http://192.168.18.107:8080/Where/pic_upload" enctype="multipart/form-data">
            <input type="file" name="image"/>
         </FORM>
     * @param path 上传路径(注:避免使用localhost或127.0.0.1这样的路径测试,因为它会指向手机模拟器,你可以使用域名或http://192.168.18.107:8080这样的路径测试)
     * @param file 上传文件
     */
    public static boolean post(String path, FormFile[] files) throws Exception{     
        final String BOUNDARY = "---------------------------7da2137580612"; //数据分隔线
        final String endline = "--" + BOUNDARY + "--\r\n";//数据结束标志
        
        int fileDataLength = 0;
        for(FormFile uploadFile : files){//得到文件类型数据的总长度
            StringBuilder fileExplain = new StringBuilder();
             fileExplain.append("--");
             fileExplain.append(BOUNDARY);
             fileExplain.append("\r\n");
             fileExplain.append("Content-Disposition: form-data;name=\""+ uploadFile.getParameterName()+"\";filename=\""+ uploadFile.getFilname() + "\"\r\n");
             fileExplain.append("Content-Type: "+ uploadFile.getContentType()+"\r\n\r\n");
             fileExplain.append("\r\n");
             fileDataLength += fileExplain.length();
            if(uploadFile.getInStream()!=null){
                fileDataLength += uploadFile.getFile().length();
             }else{
                 fileDataLength += uploadFile.getData().length;
             }
        }
        StringBuilder textEntity = new StringBuilder();
        //计算传输给服务器的实体数据总长度
        int dataLength = textEntity.toString().getBytes().length + fileDataLength +  endline.getBytes().length;
        
        URL url = new URL(path);
        int port = url.getPort()==-1 ? 8080 : url.getPort();
        Socket socket = new Socket(InetAddress.getByName(url.getHost()), port);           
        OutputStream outStream = socket.getOutputStream();
        //下面完成HTTP请求头的发送
        String requestmethod = "POST "+ url.getPath()+" HTTP/1.1\r\n";
        outStream.write(requestmethod.getBytes());
        String accept = "Accept: image/gif, image/jpeg, image/pjpeg, image/pjpeg, application/x-shockwave-flash, application/xaml+xml, application/vnd.ms-xpsdocument, application/x-ms-xbap, application/x-ms-application, application/vnd.ms-excel, application/vnd.ms-powerpoint, application/msword, */*\r\n";
        outStream.write(accept.getBytes());
        String language = "Accept-Language: zh-CN\r\n";
        outStream.write(language.getBytes());
        String contenttype = "Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary="+ BOUNDARY+ "\r\n";
        outStream.write(contenttype.getBytes());
        String contentlength = "Content-Length: "+ dataLength + "\r\n";
        outStream.write(contentlength.getBytes());
        String alive = "Connection: Keep-Alive\r\n";
        outStream.write(alive.getBytes());
        String host = "Host: "+ url.getHost() +":"+ port +"\r\n";
        outStream.write(host.getBytes());
        //写完HTTP请求头后根据HTTP协议再写一个回车换行
        outStream.write("\r\n".getBytes());
        //把所有文本类型的实体数据发送出来
        outStream.write(textEntity.toString().getBytes());           
        //把所有文件类型的实体数据发送出来
        for(FormFile uploadFile : files){
            StringBuilder fileEntity = new StringBuilder();
             fileEntity.append("--");
             fileEntity.append(BOUNDARY);
             fileEntity.append("\r\n");
             fileEntity.append("Content-Disposition: form-data;name=\""+ uploadFile.getParameterName()+"\";filename=\""+ uploadFile.getFilname() + "\"\r\n");
             fileEntity.append("Content-Type: "+ uploadFile.getContentType()+"\r\n\r\n");
             outStream.write(fileEntity.toString().getBytes());
             if(uploadFile.getInStream()!=null){
                 byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
                 int len = 0;
                 while((len = uploadFile.getInStream().read(buffer, 0, 1024))!=-1){
                     outStream.write(buffer, 0, len);
                 }
                 uploadFile.getInStream().close();
             }else{
                 outStream.write(uploadFile.getData(), 0, uploadFile.getData().length);
             }
             outStream.write("\r\n".getBytes());
        }
        //下面发送数据结束标志,表示数据已经结束
        outStream.write(endline.getBytes());
        
        BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(socket.getInputStream()));
        if(reader.readLine().indexOf("200")==-1){//读取web服务器返回的数据,判断请求码是否为200,如果不是200,代表请求失败
            return false;
        }
        outStream.flush();
        outStream.close();
        reader.close();
        socket.close();
        return true;
    }
    
    /**
     * 提交数据到服务器
     * @param path 上传路径(注:避免使用localhost或127.0.0.1这样的路径测试,因为它会指向手机模拟器,你可以使用http://www.itcast.cn或http://192.168.1.10:8080这样的路径测试)
     * @param params 请求参数 key为参数名,value为参数值
     * @param file 上传文件
     */
    public static boolean post(String path, FormFile file) throws Exception{
       return post(path, new FormFile[]{file});
    }
}



然后在MainActivity.java中直接初始化调用即可:


public class MainActivity extends Activity 
{
    private SurfaceView mSurfaceView = null;
    private SurfaceHolder mSurfaceHolder = null;
    private Camera mCamera;
    private Handler handler;
    
    private int whichPicture = 0;
    
    static Upload upload = null;
    
    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @SuppressLint("NewApi")
	@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
	@Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) 
    {
    	
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        
        
//        StrictMode.enableDefaults();
        
        StrictMode.setThreadPolicy(new StrictMode.ThreadPolicy.Builder()  //此处是申明,http://blog.csdn.net/gopain/article/details/17058817 有讲解
        .detectDiskReads()  
        .detectDiskWrites()  
        .detectNetwork()   // or .detectAll() for all detectable problems  
        .penaltyLog()  
        .build());  
        
        
        mSurfaceView = (SurfaceView)this.findViewById(R.id.surfaceview);
        mSurfaceHolder = mSurfaceView.getHolder();
        mSurfaceHolder.addCallback(new SurfaceHolderCallback());
        Button button = (Button) findViewById(R.id.cameraButton);
        Button upload = (Button) findViewById(R.id.uploadButton);
        upload.setOnClickListener(upload());
        button.setOnClickListener(tackpic());
        mSurfaceHolder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS);   
        
        handler=new Handler();
        handler.post(runnable);
//        new Thread(runnable).start();//直接启用线程也可以,在runnable中相应修改
        
    }
    
    private OnClickListener upload() {
		return new OnClickListener() {
			@Override
			public void onClick(View v) {
				if(upload == null)
					upload  =  new Upload(getApplicationContext());
	        	String name=Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()+"/CameraOn/2.jpg";//文件地址
				upload.upload(name);
			}
		};
	}

	Runnable runnable = new Runnable() {
        public void run() {
//        	handler.postDelayed(runnable, 10*1000);
        	if(upload == null)
				upload  =  new Upload(getApplicationContext());
//        	while (true) {
//				try {
//					Thread.sleep(10*1000);
					String name=Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()+"/CameraOn/2.jpg";
					upload.upload(name);
//				} catch (InterruptedException e) {
//					e.printStackTrace();
//				}
//			}
            handler.postDelayed(runnable, 50*1000);
        }
    };
}





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