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定义分数类中<<和>>运算符重载,实现分数的输入输出,改造原程序中对运算结果显示方式,使程序读起来更自然。

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/*
*Copyright (c) 2016,烟台大学计算机学院
*All rights reserved.
*文件名称:main.cpp
*作    者:郭辉
*完成时间:2016年6月1日
*版 本 号:v1.0
*
*问题描述:定义分数类中<<和>>运算符重载,实现分数的输入输出,改造原程序中对运算结果显示方式,使程序读起来更自然。
*输入描述:无。
*程序输出:分数的各种形式。
*/
#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
class CFraction
{
private:
	int nume;//fenzi
	int deno;//fenmu
public:
	CFraction(int a=0,int b=0);
	
	void show();
	friend istream &operator>>(istream &in,CFraction &x);
    friend ostream &operator<<(ostream &out,CFraction x);
	CFraction operator+(double c);
	CFraction operator-(double c);
	CFraction operator*(double c);
	CFraction operator/(double c);
	bool  operator>(CFraction &c);
	bool  operator<(CFraction &c);
	bool operator==(CFraction &c);
	bool  operator>=(CFraction &c);
	bool  operator<=(CFraction &c);
	bool  operator!=(CFraction &c);
	CFraction operator+();
	CFraction operator-();
	CFraction operator~();
};
istream &operator>>(istream &in,CFraction &x)
{
	char c;
	for(;;)
	{
		cin>>x.nume>>c>>x.deno;
		if (x.deno==0)
            cerr<<"分母为0, 请重新输入\n";
        else if(c!='/')
            cerr<<"格式错误(形如m/n)! 请重新输入\n";
        else
            break;
	}
	return cin;
}
ostream &operator<<(ostream &out,CFraction x)
{
	cout<<x.nume<<'/'<<x.deno;
    return cout;
}
CFraction CFraction::operator~()
{
	int a=nume,b=deno,t;
	t=a;
	a=b;
	b=t;
	CFraction c(a,b);
	return c;
}
CFraction CFraction::operator+()
{
	return *this;
}
CFraction CFraction::operator-()
{
	int mu,zi;
	mu=deno;
	zi=-nume;
	CFraction t(zi,mu);
	return t;
}
bool  CFraction::operator>(CFraction &c)
{
	int mu,zi1,zi2;
	mu=deno*c.deno;
	zi1=nume*c.deno;
	zi2=c.nume*deno;
	if(zi1>zi2)
		return true;
	else 
		return false;

		
}
bool CFraction::operator<(CFraction &c)
{
	int mu,zi1,zi2;
	mu=deno*c.deno;
	zi1=nume*c.deno;
	zi2=c.nume*deno;
	if(zi1< zi2)
		return true;
	else 
		return false;

		
}
bool CFraction::operator==(CFraction &c)
{
	int mu,zi1,zi2;
	mu=deno*c.deno;
	zi1=nume*c.deno;
	zi2=c.nume*deno;
	if(zi1==zi2)
		return true;
	else 
		return false;

		
}
bool  CFraction::operator<=(CFraction &c)
{
	int mu,zi1,zi2;
	mu=deno*c.deno;
	zi1=nume*c.deno;
	zi2=c.nume*deno;
	if(zi1<=zi2)
		return true;
	else 
		return false;

		
}
bool  CFraction::operator>=(CFraction &c)
{
	int mu,zi1,zi2;
	mu=deno*c.deno;
	zi1=nume*c.deno;
	zi2=c.nume*deno;
	if(zi1>=zi2)
		return true;
	else 
		return false;		
}
bool  CFraction::operator!=(CFraction &c)
{
	int mu,zi1,zi2;
	mu=deno*c.deno;
	zi1=nume*c.deno;
	zi2=c.nume*deno;
	if(zi1!=zi2)
		return true;
	else 
		return false;		
}
CFraction::CFraction(int a,int b)
{
	nume=a;
	deno=b;
}
CFraction CFraction::operator+(double c)
{
	int zi;
	
	zi=nume+c*deno;
	CFraction t(zi,deno);
	return t;
}
CFraction CFraction::operator-(double c)
{
		int zi;
	
	zi=nume-c*deno;
	CFraction t(zi,deno);
	return t;
}
CFraction CFraction::operator*(double c)
{
		int zi;
	
	zi=nume*c;
	CFraction t(zi,deno);
	return t;
}
CFraction CFraction::operator/(double c)
{
		int mu;
	
	mu=deno*c;
	CFraction t(nume,mu);
	return t;
}
void CFraction::show()
{int t,m,r,n;
	m=deno;
	n=nume;
	if(deno<nume)
	{
		t=m;
		m=n;
		n=t;
	}
	
	while(r=m%n)  
    {
        m=n;
        n=r;
    }
	deno=deno/n;
	nume=nume/n;
	if(deno==1)
		cout<<nume<<endl;
	else
	cout<<nume<<"/"<<deno<<endl;

}
int main()
{
	CFraction  c1(1,2),c2(2,3),c3;
	c3=c1+2;
	c3.show();
	c3=c1-2;
	c3.show();
	c3=c1*2;
	c3.show();
	c3=c1/2;
	c3.show();
	if(c1>c2)
		cout<<"c1>c2"<<endl;
	if(c1<c2)
		cout<<"c1<c2"<<endl;
	if(c1==c2)
		cout<<"c1==c2"<<endl;
	if(c1>=c2)
		cout<<"c1>=c2"<<endl;
	if(c1<=c2)
		cout<<"c1<=c2"<<endl;
	if(c1!=c2)
		cout<<"c1!=c2"<<endl;


    cout<<"-c1="<<-c1<<endl;
    cout<<"+c1="<<+c1<<endl;
    cout<<"c1的倒数: "<<~c1<<endl;


return 0;
}
运行结果:
<img src="http://img.blog.csdn.net/20160601140401731" alt="" />
<pre name="code" class="cpp">


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