php-excel组件

转载 2015年07月07日 11:41:26

下面是总结的几个使用方法

include 'PHPExcel.php';

include 'PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.php';

//或者include 'PHPExcel/Writer/Excel5.php'; 用于输出.xls的

创建一个excel

$objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();

保存excel—2007格式

$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007($objPHPExcel);

//或者$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel); 非2007格式

$objWriter->save("xxx.xlsx");

直接输出到浏览器

$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel);

header("Pragma: public");

header("Expires: 0″);

header("Cache-Control:must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0″);

header("Content-Type:application/force-download");

header("Content-Type:application/vnd.ms-execl");

header("Content-Type:application/octet-stream");

header("Content-Type:application/download");;

header('Content-Disposition:attachment;filename="resume.xls"');

header("Content-Transfer-Encoding:binary");

$objWriter->save('php://output');

——————————————————————————————————————–

设置excel的属性:

创建人

$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator("Maarten Balliauw");

最后修改人

$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setLastModifiedBy("Maarten Balliauw");

标题

$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setTitle("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");

题目

$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setSubject("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");

描述

$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setDescription("Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes.");

关键字

$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setKeywords("office 2007 openxml php");

种类

$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCategory("Test result file");

——————————————————————————————————————–

设置当前的sheet

$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);

设置sheet的name

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle('Simple');

设置单元格的值

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A1', 'String');

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A2', 12);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A3', true);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C5', '=SUM(C2:C4)');

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B8', '=MIN(B2:C5)');

合并单元格

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A18:E22');

分离单元格

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->unmergeCells('A28:B28');


保护cell

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true); // Needs to be set to true in order to enable any worksheet protection!

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->protectCells('A3:E13', 'PHPExcel');

设置格式

// Set cell number formats

echo date('H:i:s') . " Set cell number formats\n";

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_CURRENCY_EUR_SIMPLE);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->duplicateStyle( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4'), 'E5:E13' );

设置宽width

// Set column widths

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('B')->setAutoSize(true);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setWidth(12);

设置font

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setName('Candara');

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setSize(20);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setBold(true);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setUnderline(PHPExcel_Style_Font::UNDERLINE_SINGLE);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getFont()->setBold(true);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getFont()->setBold(true);

设置align

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D11')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D12')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_JUSTIFY);

//垂直居中

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER);

设置column的border

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('C4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);

设置border的color

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getLeft()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getRight()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');

设置填充颜色

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');

加图片

$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();

$objDrawing->setName('Logo');

$objDrawing->setDescription('Logo');

$objDrawing->setPath('./images/officelogo.jpg');

$objDrawing->setHeight(36);

$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());

$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();

$objDrawing->setName('Paid');

$objDrawing->setDescription('Paid');

$objDrawing->setPath('./images/paid.png');

$objDrawing->setCoordinates('B15');

$objDrawing->setOffsetX(110);

$objDrawing->setRotation(25);

$objDrawing->getShadow()->setVisible(true);

$objDrawing->getShadow()->setDirection(45);

$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());

//处理中文输出问题

需要将字符串转化为UTF-8编码,才能正常输出,否则中文字符将输出为空白,如下处理:

 $str  = iconv('gb2312', 'utf-8', $str);

或者你可以写一个函数专门处理中文字符串:

function convertUTF8($str)

{

   if(empty($str)) return '';

   return  iconv('gb2312', 'utf-8', $str);

}

//从数据库输出数据处理方式

从数据库读取数据如:

$db = new Mysql($dbconfig);

$sql = "SELECT * FROM  表名";

$row = $db->GetAll($sql);  // $row 为二维数组

$count = count($row);

for ($i = 2; $i <= $count+1; $i++) {

 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A' . $i, convertUTF8($row[$i-2][1]));

 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B' . $i, convertUTF8($row[$i-2][2]));

 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C' . $i, convertUTF8($row[$i-2][3]));

 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('D' . $i, convertUTF8($row[$i-2][4]));

 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('E' . $i, convertUTF8(date("Y-m-d", $row[$i-2][5])));

 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('F' . $i, convertUTF8($row[$i-2][6]));

 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('G' . $i, convertUTF8($row[$i-2][7]));

 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('H' . $i, convertUTF8($row[$i-2][8]));

}

 

在默认sheet后,创建一个worksheet

echo date('H:i:s') . " Create new Worksheet object\n";

$objPHPExcel->createSheet();

$objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objExcel, 'Excel5');

$objWriter-save('php://output');


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