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redhat6.5 配置使用centos的yum源

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新安装了redhat6.5.安装后,登录系统,使用yum update 更新系统。提示:
This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.
无法更新。
redhat 默认自带的 yum 源需要注册,才能更新。我们想不花钱也可以更新,需要替换掉redhat的yum源。

检查是否安装yum包

查看RHEL是否安装了yum,若是安装了,那么又有哪些yum包:

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa |grep yum
yum-metadata-parser-1.0-8.fc6
yum-3.0.1-5.el5
yum-rhn-plugin-0.4.3-1.el5
yum-updatesd-3.0.1-5.el5

删除redhat自带的yum包

卸载上面显示的所有yum包:

rpm -qa|grep yum|xargs rpm -e --nodeps #(不检查依赖,直接删除rpm包)再用
rpm -qa |grep yum

查看,无信息显示表示已经卸载完成。

下载新的yum包。使用Centos6.5的yum包

#x86
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/os/i386/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.i686.rpm

#x64
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.x86_64.rpm

wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-3.2.29-69.el6.centos.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-30.el6.noarch.rpm

安装yum软件包
注意:单个的安装包可能会依赖其它包(例如yum和yum-fastestmirror会相互依赖),所以我们可以把所有这些包放在一起,用一行命令将它们同时安装即可:

rpm -ivh yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.i686.rpm yum-3.2.29-40.el6.centos.noarch.rpm yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-14.el6.noarch.rpm

更换yum源。使用163的源

 cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
 wget  http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo
 vi CentOS6-Base-163.repo

编辑文件,把文件里面的$releasever全部替换为版本号,即6.5 最后保存!或者直接把下面的内存拷贝到CentOS6-Base-163.repo文件中即可(已经修改好)

# CentOS-Base.repo
#
# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and
# geographically close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates
# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.
#
# If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the 
# remarked out baseurl= line instead.
#
#

[base]
name=CentOS-6.5 - Base - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/os/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6.5&arch=$basearch&repo=os
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#released updates 
[updates]
name=CentOS-6.5 - Updates - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/updates/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6.5&arch=$basearch&repo=updates
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#additional packages that may be useful
[extras]
name=CentOS-6.5 - Extras - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/extras/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6.5&arch=$basearch&repo=extras
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-6.5 - Plus - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/centosplus/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6.5&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#contrib - packages by Centos Users
[contrib]
name=CentOS-6.5 - Contrib - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/contrib/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6.5&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

清除原有缓存

yum clean all
重建缓存,以提高搜索安装软件的速度
yum makecache

更新系统

yum update

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