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VC控制台程序中字体颜色和背景设置

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      在VC中开发程序,有时候为了使开发的控制台程序更加漂亮,我们需要设置显示字体的颜色和窗口背景颜色,针对本人实际开发经历,写一篇文章保留参考。

1.改变整个控制台的颜色
用 system("color 0A"); 
其中color后面的0是背景色代号,A是前景色代号。各颜色代码如下: 
0=黑色 
1=蓝色 
2=绿色 
3=湖蓝色 
4=红色 
5=紫色 
6=黄色 
7=白色 
8=灰色 
9=淡蓝色 
A=淡绿色 
B=淡浅绿色 
C=淡红色 
D=淡紫色 
E=淡黄色 
F=亮白色 
2.改变下一个输出或者输入字体和背景的颜色
采用SetConsoleTextAttribute函数,如
White on Black:
        SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE),FOREGROUND_INTENSITY |
            FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_GREEN | FOREGROUND_BLUE);
Red on Black:
        SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE),FOREGROUND_INTENSITY |
            FOREGROUND_RED);
Green on Black:
        SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE),FOREGROUND_INTENSITY |
            FOREGROUND_GREEN);
Yellow on Black:
        SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE),FOREGROUND_INTENSITY |
            FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_GREEN);
Blue on Black:
        SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE),FOREGROUND_INTENSITY |
            FOREGROUND_BLUE);
Magenta on Black:
        SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE),FOREGROUND_INTENSITY |
            FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_BLUE);
Cyan on Black:
        SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE),FOREGROUND_INTENSITY |
            FOREGROUND_GREEN | FOREGROUND_BLUE);
Black on Gray:
        SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE),BACKGROUND_INTENSITY |
            BACKGROUND_INTENSITY);
Black on White:
        SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE),BACKGROUND_INTENSITY |
            FOREGROUND_INTENSITY | BACKGROUND_RED | BACKGROUND_GREEN | BACKGROUND_BLUE);
Red on White:
        SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE),BACKGROUND_INTENSITY |
            FOREGROUND_INTENSITY | BACKGROUND_RED | BACKGROUND_GREEN | BACKGROUND_BLUE |
            FOREGROUND_RED);
等等。
需要引入头文件:
windows.h
函数原型:
BOOL SetConsoleTextAttribute(HANDLE hConsoleOutput, WORD wAttributes); 
wAttributes 的取值含义对应如下:
Attribute                          Meaning 
FOREGROUND_BLUE            Text color contains blue. 
FOREGROUND_GREEN           Text color contains green. 
FOREGROUND_RED             Text color contains red. 
FOREGROUND_INTENSITY       Text color is intensified. 
BACKGROUND_BLUE            Background color contains blue. 
BACKGROUND_GREEN           Background color contains green. 
BACKGROUND_RED             Background color contains red. 
BACKGROUND_INTENSITY       Background color is intensified. 
COMMON_LVB_LEADING_BYTE    Leading byte. 
COMMON_LVB_TRAILING_BYTE   Trailing byte. 
COMMON_LVB_GRID_HORIZONTAL Top horizontal. 
COMMON_LVB_GRID_LVERTICAL  Left vertical. 
COMMON_LVB_GRID_RVERTICAL  Right vertical. 
COMMON_LVB_REVERSE_VIDEO   Reverse foreground and background attributes. 
COMMON_LVB_UNDERSCORE      Underscore. 


#include <stdio.h>
#include <windows.h>

int main(void) 
{
   SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE), BACKGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_GREEN);
   printf("TestA");
   SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE), BACKGROUND_BLUE | FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_GREEN);
   printf("TestB");
   SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE), FOREGROUND_INTENSITY | FOREGROUND_BLUE); 
   printf("TestC\n");

   getchar();
   return 0;
}

      

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