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Android使用OpenCV和FFMpeg的简单方法-开源项目javacv的使用

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转自:http://doandroid.info/android%E4%BD%BF%E7%94%A8opencv%E5%92%8Cffmpeg%E7%9A%84%E7%AE%80%E5%8D%95%E6%96%B9%E6%B3%95-%E5%BC%80%E6%BA%90%E9%A1%B9%E7%9B%AEjavacv%E7%9A%84%E4%BD%BF%E7%94%A8/

首先感谢javacv开源项目的工作组.

0 使用说明

JavaCV first provides wrappers to commonly used libraries by researchers in the field of computer vision: OpenCV, FFmpeg, libdc1394, PGR FlyCapture, OpenKinect, videoInput, and ARToolKitPlus. The following classes, found under the com.googlecode.javacv.cpp package namespace, expose their complete APIs: opencv_core, opencv_imgproc, opencv_video, opencv_flann, opencv_features2d, opencv_calib3d, opencv_objdetect, opencv_highgui, opencv_legacy, opencv_ml, opencv_contrib, avutil, avcodec, avformat, avdevice, avfilter, postproc, swscale, dc1394, PGRFlyCapture, freenect, videoInputLib, and ARToolKitPlus, respectively. Moreover, utility classes make it easy to use their functionality on the Java platform, including Android.

javacv的项目最早是为java平台封装了机器视觉领域的开源库,后提供Android支持。其中的库包含OpenCV, FFmpeg, libdc1394, PGR FlyCapture, OpenKinect, videoInput, and ARToolKitPlus等等。在命名空间com.googlecode.javacv.cpp下包含了所有的类对象。并暴露出了他们完整的API:opencv_legacy, opencv_ml, opencv_contrib, avutil, avcodec, avformat, avdevice, avfilter, postproc, swscale, dc1394, PGRFlyCapture, freenect, videoInputLib, and ARToolKitPlus.工具类的使用使得我们可以非常容易的使用他的功能。

1 Follow the instructions on this page: http://developer.android.com/resources/tutorials/hello-world.html
2 Go to File > New > Folder, select your project as parent folder, type “libs/armeabi” as Folder name, and click Finish.
3 Copy javacpp.jar and javacv.jar in the newly created “libs” folder.
4 Extract directly all the *.so files from javacv-android-arm.jar as well as the ones from OpenCV-2.3.1-android-arm.zip and ffmpeg-0.7.11-android-arm.zip in the newly created “libs/armeabi” folder, without creating any new subdirectories.
5 Navigate to Project > Properties > Java Build Path > Libraries and click “Add JARs…”
6 Select both javacpp.jar and javacv.jar from the newly created “libs” folder.

本文将介绍如何在Android中使用这些库。

1 创建一个Android项目
2 在新建的项目上,右击选择Folder,输入libs/armeabi作为文件夹名称。这里解释一下,我们在使用jni的方式开发Android项目的时候,使用ndk-build编译项目后,一般会自动生成libs/armeabi文件夹,并将我们的库.so或者.a文件在文件夹中生成。本文也是这个目的。后面将会拷贝很多文件到这个目录里面来。
3 在 http://code.google.com/p/javacv/downloads/list 下载几个文件。
3.1 javacv-bin-20120329.zip
3.2 ffmpeg-0.7.11-android-arm.zip
3.3 OpenCV-2.3.1-android-arm.zip
解压所有的文件,并将javacv-bin-20120329.zip中的javacpp.jar和javacv.jar拷贝到刚才建立的/libs目录。
将javacv-bin-20120329.zip目录的javacv-android-arm.jar文件打开,进入最里面的目录,将所有的.so文件拷贝到libs/armeabi目录。
将ffmpeg-0.7.11-android-arm.zip里面的所有.so文件拷贝到libs/armeabi目录。
将OpenCV-2.3.1-android-arm.zip里面的所有.so文件拷贝到libs/armeabi目录。
4 选择Project->Properties->Java Build Path->Libraries,点击Add JARs…并选择libs目录的javacpp.jar 和 javacv.jar文件。

1 文件下载

1.1 javacv-bin-20120329.zip
1.2 ffmpeg-0.7.11-android-arm.zip
1.3 OpenCV-2.3.1-android-arm.zip
2 创建项目
新建一个Android项目。
3 加入lib库文件
将javacv-bin-20120329.zip中的javacpp.jar和javacv.jar拷贝到刚才建立的/libs目录。
将javacv-bin-20120329.zip目录的javacv-android-arm.jar文件打开,进入最里面的目录,将所有的.so文件拷贝到libs/armeabi目录。
将ffmpeg-0.7.11-android-arm.zip里面的所有.so文件拷贝到libs/armeabi目录。
将OpenCV-2.3.1-android-arm.zip里面的所有.so文件拷贝到libs/armeabi目录。

4 编译例子代码FacePreview
本代码在javacv-bin-20120329.zip压缩文件中,进入/javacv-bin/samples/目录,将FacePreview.java加入到刚刚建立项目的src目录。
本代码不需要layout文件。
下面的代码含部分注释:

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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2010,2011,2012 Samuel Audet
 *
 * FacePreview - A fusion of OpenCV's facedetect and Android's CameraPreview samples,
 *               with JavaCV + JavaCPP as the glue in between.
 *
 * This file was based on CameraPreview.java that came with the Samples for 
 * Android SDK API 8, revision 1 and contained the following copyright notice:
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2007 The Android Open Source Project
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 *
 *
 * IMPORTANT - Make sure the AndroidManifest.xml file looks like this:
 *
 * <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 * <manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
 *     package="com.googlecode.javacv.facepreview"
 *     android:versionCode="1"
 *     android:versionName="1.0" >
 *     <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="4" />
 *     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA" />
 *     <uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera" />
 *     <application android:label="@string/app_name">
 *         <activity
 *             android:name="FacePreview"
 *             android:label="@string/app_name"
 *             android:screenOrientation="landscape">
 *             <intent-filter>
 *                 <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
 *                 <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
 *             </intent-filter>
 *         </activity>
 *     </application>
 * </manifest>
 */


package com.jouhu.opencvffmpeg;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.AlertDialog;
import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Canvas;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.graphics.ImageFormat;
import android.graphics.Paint;
import android.hardware.Camera;
import android.hardware.Camera.Size;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.SurfaceHolder;
import android.view.SurfaceView;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.Window;
import android.view.WindowManager;
import android.widget.FrameLayout;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import java.util.List;
import com.googlecode.javacpp.Loader;
import com.googlecode.javacv.cpp.opencv_objdetect;

import static com.googlecode.javacv.cpp.opencv_core.*;
import static com.googlecode.javacv.cpp.opencv_imgproc.*;
import static com.googlecode.javacv.cpp.opencv_objdetect.*;
import static com.googlecode.javacv.cpp.opencv_highgui.*;

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------

public class FacePreview extends Activity {
    private FrameLayout layout;
    private FaceView faceView;
    private Preview mPreview;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        //设置全屏
        getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_FULLSCREEN);

        // Hide the window title.
        //隐藏标题栏
        requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE);

        // Create our Preview view and set it as the content of our activity.
        try {
            //代码创建FrameLayout 对象,并将FaceView加入Layout其中
            layout = new FrameLayout(this);
            faceView = new FaceView(this);
            mPreview = new Preview(this, faceView);
            layout.addView(mPreview);
            layout.addView(faceView);
            setContentView(layout);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            new AlertDialog.Builder(this).setMessage(e.getMessage()).create().show();
        }
    }
}

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
//基于View继承并实现Camera.PreviewCallback接口的FaceView对象
class FaceView extends View implements Camera.PreviewCallback {
    public static final int SUBSAMPLING_FACTOR = 4;

    //定义opencv中的IplImage对象
    private IplImage grayImage;
    //Haar选择子定义
    private CvHaarClassifierCascade classifier;
    //opencv的内存对象定义
    private CvMemStorage storage;
    private CvSeq faces;

    public FaceView(FacePreview context) throws IOException {
        super(context);

        // Load the classifier file from Java resources.
        //加载面部识别haar选择子的xml文件
        File classifierFile = Loader.extractResource(getClass(),
            "/com/jouhu/opencvffmpeg/haarcascade_frontalface_alt.xml",
            context.getCacheDir()"classifier"".xml");
        if (classifierFile == null || classifierFile.length() <= 0) {
            throw new IOException("Could not extract the classifier file from Java resource.");
        }
        //Log.v("FaceView", "1111111111111111111111111111");
        // Preload the opencv_objdetect module to work around a known bug.
        //加载opencv_objdetect.so文件
        Loader.load(opencv_objdetect.class);
        //Log.v("FaceView", "1111111111111111111111111111");
        //创建Haar对象
        classifier = new CvHaarClassifierCascade(cvLoad(classifierFile.getAbsolutePath()));
        //Log.v("FaceView", "1111111111111111111111111111");
        classifierFile.delete();
        if (classifier.isNull()) {
            throw new IOException("Could not load the classifier file.");
        }
        //Log.v("FaceView", "1111111111111111111111111111");
        storage = CvMemStorage.create();
    }

    public void onPreviewFrame(final byte[] data, final Camera camera) {
        try {
            //获取到每帧图像的时候,调用函数processImage对数据进行处理,并将处理后的数据给camera并显示出来
            Camera.Size size = camera.getParameters().getPreviewSize();
            processImage(data, size.width, size.height);
            camera.addCallbackBuffer(data);
        } catch (RuntimeException e) {
            // The camera has probably just been released, ignore.
        }
    }

    protected void processImage(byte[] data, int width, int height) {
        // First, downsample our image and convert it into a grayscale IplImage
        int f = SUBSAMPLING_FACTOR;
        if (grayImage == null || grayImage.width() != width/|| grayImage.height() != height/f) {
            grayImage = IplImage.create(width/f, height/f, IPL_DEPTH_8U, 1);
        }
        int imageWidth  = grayImage.width();
        int imageHeight = grayImage.height();
        int dataStride = f*width;
        int imageStride = grayImage.widthStep();
        ByteBuffer imageBuffer = grayImage.getByteBuffer();
        for (int y = 0; y < imageHeight; y++) {
            int dataLine = y*dataStride;
            int imageLine = y*imageStride;
            for (int x = 0; x < imageWidth; x++) {
                imageBuffer.put(imageLine + x, data[dataLine + f*x]);
            }
        }
        //Haar 脸部检测函数
        faces = cvHaarDetectObjects(grayImage, classifier, storage, 1.13, CV_HAAR_DO_CANNY_PRUNING);
        //重绘 触发onDraw
        postInvalidate();
        cvClearMemStorage(storage);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
        Paint paint = new Paint();
        paint.setColor(Color.RED);
        paint.setTextSize(20);

        String s = "FacePreview - This side up.";
        float textWidth = paint.measureText(s);
        canvas.drawText(s, (getWidth()-textWidth)/220, paint);

        if (faces != null) {
            paint.setStrokeWidth(2);
            paint.setStyle(Paint.Style.STROKE);
            float scaleX = (float)getWidth()/grayImage.width();
            float scaleY = (float)getHeight()/grayImage.height();
            int total = faces.total();
            for (int i = 0; i < total; i++) {
                CvRect r = new CvRect(cvGetSeqElem(faces, i));
                int x = r.x(), y = r.y(), w = r.width(), h = r.height();
                canvas.drawRect(x*scaleX, y*scaleY, (x+w)*scaleX, (y+h)*scaleY, paint);
            }
        }
    }
}

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------

class Preview extends SurfaceView implements SurfaceHolder.Callback {
    SurfaceHolder mHolder;
    Camera mCamera;
    Camera.PreviewCallback previewCallback;

    Preview(Context context, Camera.PreviewCallback previewCallback) {
        super(context);
        this.previewCallback = previewCallback;

        // Install a SurfaceHolder.Callback so we get notified when the
        // underlying surface is created and destroyed.
        mHolder = getHolder();
        mHolder.addCallback(this);
        mHolder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS);
    }

    public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) {
        // The Surface has been created, acquire the camera and tell it where
        // to draw.
        mCamera = Camera.open();
        try {
           mCamera.setPreviewDisplay(holder);
        } catch (IOException exception) {
            mCamera.release();
            mCamera = null;
            // TODO: add more exception handling logic here
        }
    }

    public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) {
        // Surface will be destroyed when we return, so stop the preview.
        // Because the CameraDevice object is not a shared resource, it's very
        // important to release it when the activity is paused.
        mCamera.stopPreview();
        mCamera.release();
        mCamera = null;
    }


    private Size getOptimalPreviewSize(List<Size> sizes, int w, int h) {
        final double ASPECT_TOLERANCE = 0.05;
        double targetRatio = (double) w / h;
        if (sizes == null) return null;

        Size optimalSize = null;
        double minDiff = Double.MAX_VALUE;

        int targetHeight = h;

        // Try to find an size match aspect ratio and size
        for (Size size : sizes) {
            double ratio = (double) size.width / size.height;
            if (Math.abs(ratio - targetRatio) > ASPECT_TOLERANCE) continue;
            if (Math.abs(size.height - targetHeight) < minDiff) {
                optimalSize = size;
                minDiff = Math.abs(size.height - targetHeight);
            }
        }

        // Cannot find the one match the aspect ratio, ignore the requirement
        if (optimalSize == null) {
            minDiff = Double.MAX_VALUE;
            for (Size size : sizes) {
                if (Math.abs(size.height - targetHeight) < minDiff) {
                    optimalSize = size;
                    minDiff = Math.abs(size.height - targetHeight);
                }
            }
        }
        return optimalSize;
    }

    public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format, int w, int h) {
        // Now that the size is known, set up the camera parameters and begin
        // the preview.
        Camera.Parameters parameters = mCamera.getParameters();

        List<Size> sizes = parameters.getSupportedPreviewSizes();
        Size optimalSize = getOptimalPreviewSize(sizes, w, h);
        parameters.setPreviewSize(optimalSize.width, optimalSize.height);

        mCamera.setParameters(parameters);
        if (previewCallback != null) {
            mCamera.setPreviewCallbackWithBuffer(previewCallback);
            Camera.Size size = parameters.getPreviewSize();
            byte[] data = new byte[size.width*size.height*
                    ImageFormat.getBitsPerPixel(parameters.getPreviewFormat())/8];
            mCamera.addCallbackBuffer(data);
        }
        mCamera.startPreview();
    }

}

5 注意事项
5.1 项目里面需要一个haarcascade_frontalface_alt.xml文件,请务必放到src目录,跟FacePreview.java在同一个目录下,如果找不到,可以下载本项目。包含了这个代码。
5.2 本代码使用的javacv版本为2012年4月11日版本,请随时关注javacv的代码更新。
5.3 务必加入权限设置,如果不加入会出错,错误如下。

04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): FATAL EXCEPTION: main
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): java.lang.RuntimeException: Fail to connect to camera service
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.hardware.Camera.native_setup(Native Method)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.hardware.Camera.(Camera.java:185)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.hardware.Camera.open(Camera.java:165)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at com.jouhu.opencvffmpeg.Preview.surfaceCreated(FacePreview.java:225)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.view.SurfaceView.updateWindow(SurfaceView.java:536)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.view.SurfaceView.dispatchDraw(SurfaceView.java:339)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.view.ViewGroup.drawChild(ViewGroup.java:1638)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.view.ViewGroup.dispatchDraw(ViewGroup.java:1367)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.view.ViewGroup.drawChild(ViewGroup.java:1638)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.view.ViewGroup.dispatchDraw(ViewGroup.java:1367)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.view.View.draw(View.java:6832)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.widget.FrameLayout.draw(FrameLayout.java:352)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.view.ViewGroup.drawChild(ViewGroup.java:1640)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.view.ViewGroup.dispatchDraw(ViewGroup.java:1367)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.view.View.draw(View.java:6832)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.widget.FrameLayout.draw(FrameLayout.java:352)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at com.android.internal.policy.impl.PhoneWindow$DecorView.draw(PhoneWindow.java:1895)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.view.ViewRoot.draw(ViewRoot.java:1407)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.view.ViewRoot.performTraversals(ViewRoot.java:1163)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.view.ViewRoot.handleMessage(ViewRoot.java:1727)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:99)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:123)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:4627)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at java.lang.reflect.Method.invokeNative(Native Method)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:521)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:858)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:616)
04-09 22:03:55.748: E/AndroidRuntime(4089): at dalvik.system.NativeStart.main(Native Method)




6 代码下载

由于里面包含了很多so文件,所有代码非常大。我将所有的.so去掉附上代码。
OpenCVFFmpegTest.tar

7 参考文章
7.1 http://code.google.com/p/javacv/
7.2 http://code.google.com/p/javacv/issues/detail?id=183&can=1&start=100

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