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spring JDBC事务管理

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一直想学习怎么使用spring 的事务,在网上查了很多资料,还是不知道怎么写,大都是基于注解方式的,要么就是基于hibernate的事务,而且没有完整的例子,都是代码片段,这里我自己写了一个简单的demo,供给大家学习

 

1、建立一个对象(跟数据库中的表对应)

 

package hb.bean;

public class Book {
	private int id;
	private String name;
	private String author;
	private int num;

	public int getNum() {
		return num;
	}

	public void setNum(int num) {
		this.num = num;
	}

	public int getId() {
		return id;
	}

	public void setId(int id) {
		this.id = id;
	}

	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}

	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}

	public String getAuthor() {
		return author;
	}

	public void setAuthor(String author) {
		this.author = author;
	}
}

 

 2、建立一个接口(实现对表的相关操作)

 

package hb.dao;

import hb.bean.Book;
import java.util.List;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

@Transactional
public interface BookDAO {
	
	//查看book表中的所有数据
	public List listBook();
	
	//向book表中插入一条数据
	public void insertBook(Book book);
}

 

 3、实现接口的操作

 

package hb.dao.imp;

import hb.bean.Book;
import hb.dao.BookDAO;
import hb.row.UserRowMapper;

import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.List;

import org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate;
import org.springframework.jdbc.core.RowMapper;
import org.springframework.jdbc.core.support.JdbcDaoSupport;
import org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager;
import org.springframework.transaction.TransactionStatus;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;
import org.springframework.transaction.support.TransactionCallbackWithoutResult;
import org.springframework.transaction.support.TransactionTemplate;

import sun.jdbc.odbc.ee.DataSource;

@Transactional
public class BookDAOImpl extends JdbcDaoSupport implements BookDAO {
	
	public DataSourceTransactionManager transactionManager;

	public void setTransactionManager(DataSourceTransactionManager transactionManager) {
		this.transactionManager = transactionManager;
	}

	@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
	public List listBook() {
		String sql = "select * from book";
		//JdbcDaoSupport里面有jdbcTemplate这个对象的set方法.JdbcTemplate这个类需要配置数据源
		List list = this.getJdbcTemplate().query(sql, new UserRowMapper());
		return list;
	}

	public void insertBook(final Book book) {
		final String sql = "insert into book(id,name,author,num)values(?,?,?,?)";
		TransactionTemplate transactionTemplate = new TransactionTemplate(transactionManager);
		final JdbcTemplate jdbcTemplate = this.getJdbcTemplate();
		transactionTemplate.execute(new TransactionCallbackWithoutResult(){
			@Override
			protected void doInTransactionWithoutResult(TransactionStatus arg0) {
                Object[] params = new Object[] {book.getId(), book.getName(), book.getAuthor(),book.getNum() };
                //下面的语句是用来测试事务异常的情况
//                new Integer("huangbiao");
                jdbcTemplate.update(sql, params);
			}
		});
		
	}

}

 

 4、继承RowMapper 接口接受返回过来的结果集

 

package hb.row;

import hb.bean.Book;

import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;

import org.springframework.jdbc.core.RowMapper;

public class UserRowMapper implements RowMapper {

	public Object mapRow(ResultSet rs,int index) throws SQLException {
		Book book = new Book();
		System.out.println(rs.getString("name"));
		book.setName(rs.getString("name"));
		return book;
	}
}

 

5、相关的配置信息

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context2.5.xsd
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx 
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-2.5.xsd">
        
        <!--  配置数据源   -->
		<bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource">
		  <property name="driverClassName" value="oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver"/>
		  <property name="url" value="jdbc:oracle:thin:@127.0.0.1:1521:orcl" />
		  <property name="username" value="huangbiao"/>
		  <property name="password" value="huangbiao"/>
		  
		  <!-- 连接池启动时的初始值   -->
		  <property name="initialSize" value="1" />
		  <!-- 连接池的最大值  -->
		  <property name="maxActive" value="500"/>
	      <!-- 最大空闲值,当经过一个高峰时间后,连接池可以慢慢将已经用不到的连接释放,一直减少到msxIdle为止  -->
		  <property name="maxIdle" value="2" />
		  <!-- 最小空闲值,当空闲的连接数小于阀值时,连接池就会预申请一些连接,以免洪峰到来时来不及申请  -->
		  <property name="minIdle" value="1" />
		</bean>
  
		<!-- 配置事务管理器 -->
		<bean id="txManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
		  <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
		</bean>
        
		<!-- 采用@Transactional注解方式使用事务   -->
        <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="txManager"/>
        
        <bean id="bookDao" class="hb.dao.imp.BookDAOImpl" >
        <!-- 因为继承了JdbcDaoSupport类,该类需要注入 JdbcTemplate类对象 -->
        	<property name="jdbcTemplate" ref="jdbcTemplate"></property>
        	<property name="transactionManager" ref="transactionManager"></property>
        </bean>
        
        
        <!-- jdbcTemplate需要配置dataSource,因为里面有一个set方法,所以注入给它 -->
        <bean id="jdbcTemplate" class="org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate">
        	<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"></property>
        </bean>
        
        <!-- 事务处理类,该类用于管理事务,里面有set方法注入数据源 -->
        <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
   			<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
   		</bean>
        
</beans> 

 

6、写一个测试类(使用JUnint)

 

package hb.test;

import hb.bean.Book;
import hb.dao.BookDAO;

import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;


import org.junit.BeforeClass;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.FileSystemXmlApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate;

public class SpringTest {

	private BookDAO bookDao;
	
	@BeforeClass
	public static void setUpBeforeClass() throws Exception {
		
	}
	
	@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
	@Test
	//执行查询的方式
	public void doQueryTest(){
		try{
			ApplicationContext ctx = new FileSystemXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext.xml");
			bookDao = (BookDAO) ctx.getBean("bookDao");
			List list = bookDao.listBook();
			Iterator iter = list.iterator();
			while(iter.hasNext()){
				Book book = (Book)iter.next();
				System.out.println(book.getName());
			}
		}
		catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}	
	
	@Test
	public void doInsertTest(){
		Book book = new Book();
		book.setAuthor("huangbiao");
		book.setId(90);
		book.setName("hb");
		book.setNum(44);
		try{
			ApplicationContext ctx = new FileSystemXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext.xml");
			bookDao = (BookDAO) ctx.getBean("bookDao");
			bookDao.insertBook(book);
		}
		catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		
	}
}

 

 

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