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dhtmlxtree学习笔记一(快速入门)

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由于工作需要,写一个树状结构,本打算使用ext,但是api过多,内容过于复杂,学习成本比较高,最终还是选择放弃了。最终选择了dhtmlxtree 这个插件,下面我简单介绍一下自己学习的东西。

 

从网上下载dhtmlxtree 地址是 http://dhtmlx.com/docs/products/dhtmlxTree/

 

解压zip包,进入dhtmlxTree目录下面的samples中的内容是无法显示效果的,原因我还不是很清楚,为了能看到sample效果,我们可以放到web容器中(如tomcat),然后通过web容器访问就可以了

 

快速入门

1、把[解压dthmlxtree.zip包目录]dhtmlxTree\samples下的common目录考入到web工程中

2、把如下文件也引入到web工程中

    1)dhtmlxcommon.js

    2)dhtmlxtree.js 

    3)dhtmlxtree.css   ---- 前三个js是创建tree的基础js,必须要引入的

    4)dhtmlxtree_json.js ---- 使用json数据需要引入的js

    5)dhtmlxtree_start.js ---- 如何是想对网页中的标签改成tree格式,就需要引入这个js

 

引入的结构如下图所示:

 

 

引入本地的xml文件

 

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en" xml:lang="en">
<head>
<title>Easy skinable design</title>
<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<meta name="title" content="Samples" />
<meta name="keywords" content="" />
<meta name="description" content="" />


</head>
<body>

<!-- 引入必需的css和js -->
	<link rel="STYLESHEET" type="text/css"
		href="dhtmlxtree/dhtmlxtree.css">
		<script src="dhtmlxtree/dhtmlxcommon.js"></script>
		<script src="dhtmlxtree/dhtmlxtree.js"></script>
<!-- 这个div使用来装载tree的容器 -->
		<div id="treeboxbox_tree"
			style="width: 250px; height: 218px; background-color: #f5f5f5; border: 1px solid Silver;"></div>

		<script>
			tree=new dhtmlXTreeObject("treeboxbox_tree","100%","100%",0);
			//选择显示的皮肤
			tree.setSkin('dhx_skyblue');
			//告诉dhtmlxtree显示的图片在什么位置
			tree.setImagePath("dhtmlxtree/common/images/");
			tree.enableDragAndDrop(0);
			tree.enableTreeLines(false);
			tree.setImageArrays("plus","","","","plus.gif");
			tree.setImageArrays("minus","","","","minus.gif");
			tree.setStdImages("book.gif","books_open.gif","books_close.gif");	
			//导入本地的数据(是xml格式的)
			tree.setXMLAutoLoading("dhtmlxtree/common/tree4.xml");
			tree.loadXML("dhtmlxtree/common/tree4.xml");
			
	</script>
</body>
</html>
 

 指明xml文件的内容

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='iso-8859-1'?>
<tree id="0">
	<item text="Books" id="books" open="1"  call="1" select="1">
		<item text="Mystery &amp; Thrillers" id="mystery" >
			<item text="Lawrence Block" id="lb" >
				<item text="All the Flowers Are Dying" id="lb_1" />
				<item text="The Burglar on the Prowl" id="lb_2" />
				<item text="The Plot Thickens" id="lb_3" />
				<item text="Grifter's Game" id="lb_4" />
				<item text="The Burglar Who Thought He Was Bogart" id="lb_5" />
			</item>
			<item text="Robert Crais" id="rc" >
				<item text="The Forgotten Man" id="rc_1" />
				<item text="Stalking the Angel" id="rc_2" />
				<item text="Free Fall" id="rc_3" />
				<item text="Sunset Express" id="rc_4" />
				<item text="Hostage" id="rc_5" />
			</item>
			<item text="Ian Rankin" id="ir" ></item>
			<item text="James Patterson" id="jp" ></item>
			<item text="Nancy Atherton" id="na" ></item>
		</item>
		<item text="History" id="history" >
			<item text="John Mack Faragher" id="jmf" ></item>
			<item text="Jim Dwyer" id="jd" ></item>
			<item text="Larry Schweikart" id="ls" ></item>
			<item text="R. Lee Ermey" id="rle" ></item>
		</item>
		<item text="Horror" id="horror" open="1" >
			<item text="Stephen King" id="sk" ></item>
			<item text="Dan Brown" id="db" >
				<item text="Angels &amp; Demons" id="db_1" />
				<item text="Deception Point" id="db_2" />
				<item text="Digital Fortress" id="db_3" />
				<item text="The Da Vinci Code" id="db_4" />
				<item text="Deception Point" id="db_5" />
			</item>
			<item text="Mary Janice Davidson" id="mjd" ></item>
			<item text="Katie Macalister" id="km" ></item>
		</item>
		<item text="Science Fiction &amp; Fantasy" id="fantasy" >
			<item text="Audrey Niffenegger" id="af" ></item>
			<item text="Philip Roth" id="pr" ></item>
		</item>
		<item text="Sport" id="sport" >
			<item text="Bill Reynolds" id="br" ></item>
		</item>
		<item text="Teens" id="teens" >
			<item text="Joss Whedon" id="jw" >
				<item text="Astonishing X-Men" id="jw_1" />
				<item text="Joss Whedon: The Genius Behind Buffy" id="jw_2" />
				<item text="Fray" id="jw_3" />
				<item text="Tales Of The Vampires" id="jw_4" />
				<item text="The Harvest" id="jw_5" />
			</item>
			<item text="Meg Cabot" id="mc" ></item>
			<item text="Garth Nix" id="gn" ></item>
			<item text="Ann Brashares" id="ab" ></item>
		</item>
	</item>
</tree> 

 

通过页面的html将html代码转换为tree结构

 

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en" xml:lang="en">
    
    <head>
        <title>
            Easy skinable design
        </title>
        <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
        <meta name="title" content="Samples" />
        <meta name="keywords" content="" />
        <meta name="description" content="" />
        <link rel="STYLESHEET" type="text/css" href="dhtmlxtree/dhtmlxtree.css">
        <script src="dhtmlxtree/dhtmlxcommon.js"></script>
        <script src="dhtmlxtree/dhtmlxtree.js"></script>
        <script src="dhtmlxtree/dhtmlxtree_start.js"></script>
    </head>
    
    <body>
<!-- 
        <div class="dhtmlxTree" id="treeboxbox_tree" setImagePath="dhtmlxtree/common/images/"
style="width: 250px; height: 218px; overflow: auto;">
    <ul>
        <li>
            Root
            <ul>
                <li>
                    Child1
                    <ul>
                        <li>
                            Child 1-1
                        </li>
                    </ul>
	                <li>
	                    Child2
	                </li>
	                <li>
	                    <b>
	                        Bold
	                    </b>
	                    <i>
	                        Italic
	                    </i>
	                </li>
            </ul>
            </li>
    </ul>
</div>
 -->

        <div id="treeboxbox_tree" setImagePath="dhtmlxtree/common/images/" class="dhtmlxTree">
            <xmp>
                <item text="Root" open="1" id="11">
                    <item text="Child1" select="1" open="1" id="12">
                        <item text="Child1-1" id="13" />
                    </item>
                    <item text="Child2" id="14" />
                    <item id="15" text="Text" />
                </item>
            </xmp>
        </div>
    </body>
</html>
 注意:

 

1、一定要引入dhtmlxtree_start.js文件,当然,基础的js也是不能少的。

2、在target DIV中需要指明 class 和 setImagePath两个属性的值

3、我们不需要像引入xml一样再次创建dhtmlXTreeObject对象,即不需要再次写JS代码了

4、上面提供了两种方式都可以生产一棵树——(ul li标签)(xmp item标签)

 

下面介绍如何使用json

 

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en" xml:lang="en">
<head>
<title>Easy skinable design</title>
<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<meta name="title" content="Samples" />
<meta name="keywords" content="" />
<meta name="description" content="" />
</head>
<body>
	<link rel="STYLESHEET" type="text/css"
		href="dhtmlxtree/dhtmlxtree.css">
		<script src="dhtmlxtree/dhtmlxcommon.js"></script>
		<script src="dhtmlxtree/dhtmlxtree.js"></script>
		<!-- 如果是使用json格式就必须引入 dhtmlxtree_json.js文件-->
		<script src="dhtmlxtree/dhtmlxtree_json.js"></script>

		<div id="treeboxbox_tree"
			style="width: 250px; height: 218px; background-color: #f5f5f5; border: 1px solid Silver;"></div>
		<script>
			tree=new dhtmlXTreeObject("treeboxbox_tree","100%","100%",0);
			tree.setSkin('dhx_skyblue');
			tree.setImagePath("dhtmlxtree/common/images/");
			tree.enableDragAndDrop(0);
			tree.enableTreeLines(false);
			tree.setImageArrays("plus","","","","plus.gif");
			tree.setImageArrays("minus","","","","minus.gif");
			tree.setStdImages("book.gif","books_open.gif","books_close.gif");	
			var json = {
				    id: 0,
				    item:[
				    	{
				    		id:"X1",
				    		text:"一",
				    		item:[
				    			{
				    				id:"X11",
					    			text:"一一"
				    			},
				    			{
				    				id:"X12",
					    			text:"一二"
				    			}
				    		]
				    	},
				    	{
				    		id:"X2",
				    		text:"二",
				    		item:[
				    			{
				    				id:"X21",
					    			text:"二一"
				    			},
				    			{
				    				id:"X22",
					    			text:"二二"
				    			}
				    		]
				    	}
				    ]
				};
			
			var jsondata = {id:0, item:[{id:1,text:"first"},{id:2, text:"middle", item:[{id:"21", text:"child"}]},{id:3,text:"last"}]};
			tree.loadJSONObject(json,function(){
			});
	</script>
</body>
</html>
 
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