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MVC3 导出Excel

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 所用环境信息:VS2010 MVC3 LINQ

NPOIHelper 帮助类

public class NPOIHelper
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// DataTable导出到Excel文件
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="dtSource">源DataTable</param>
        /// <param name="strHeaderText">表头文本</param>
        /// <param name="strFileName">保存位置</param>
        public static void Export(DataTable dtSource, string strHeaderText, string strFileName, string[] columnNames)
        {
            using (MemoryStream ms = Export(dtSource, strHeaderText, columnNames))
            {
                using (FileStream fs = new FileStream(strFileName, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write))
                {
                    byte[] data = ms.ToArray();
                    fs.Write(data, 0, data.Length);
                    fs.Flush();
                }
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// DataTable导出到Excel的MemoryStream
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="dtSource">源DataTable</param>
        /// <param name="strHeaderText">表头文本</param>
        /// <param name="columnNames">列名</param>
        public static MemoryStream Export(DataTable dtSource, string strHeaderText, string[] columnNames)
        {
            if (columnNames != null && columnNames.Length != dtSource.Columns.Count)
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("参数不正确:columnNames,数组元素的个数需要和数据源列的数量相同!");
            }

            HSSFWorkbook workbook = new HSSFWorkbook();
            Sheet sheet = workbook.CreateSheet();

            #region 右击文件 属性信息
            {
                DocumentSummaryInformation dsi = PropertySetFactory.CreateDocumentSummaryInformation();
                dsi.Company = "上海驰亚防伪科技有限公司";
                workbook.DocumentSummaryInformation = dsi;

                SummaryInformation si = PropertySetFactory.CreateSummaryInformation();
                si.Author = "技术部";
                si.Title = strHeaderText;
                si.CreateDateTime = DateTime.Now;
                workbook.SummaryInformation = si;
            }
            #endregion

            CellStyle dateStyle = workbook.CreateCellStyle();
            DataFormat format = workbook.CreateDataFormat();
            dateStyle.DataFormat = format.GetFormat("yyyy-mm-dd");

            //取得列宽
            int[] arrColWidth = new int[dtSource.Columns.Count];
            foreach (DataColumn item in dtSource.Columns)
            {
                arrColWidth[item.Ordinal] = Encoding.GetEncoding(936).GetBytes(item.ColumnName.ToString()).Length;
            }
            for (int i = 0; i < dtSource.Rows.Count; i++)
            {
                for (int j = 0; j < dtSource.Columns.Count; j++)
                {
                    int intTemp = Encoding.GetEncoding(936).GetBytes(dtSource.Rows[i][j].ToString()).Length;
                    if (intTemp > arrColWidth[j])
                    {
                        arrColWidth[j] = intTemp;
                    }
                }
            }
            int rowIndex = 0;
            foreach (DataRow row in dtSource.Rows)
            {
                #region 新建表,填充表头,填充列头,样式
                if (rowIndex == 65535 || rowIndex == 0)
                {
                    if (rowIndex != 0)
                    {
                        sheet = workbook.CreateSheet();
                    }

                    #region 表头及样式
                    {
                        Row headerRow = sheet.CreateRow(0);
                        headerRow.HeightInPoints = 25;
                        headerRow.CreateCell(0).SetCellValue(strHeaderText);

                        CellStyle headStyle = workbook.CreateCellStyle();
                        headStyle.Alignment = HorizontalAlignment.CENTER;
                        Font font = workbook.CreateFont();
                        font.FontHeightInPoints = 20;
                        font.Boldweight = 700;
                        headStyle.SetFont(font);
                        headerRow.GetCell(0).CellStyle = headStyle;
                        sheet.AddMergedRegion(new CellRangeAddress(0, 0, 0, dtSource.Columns.Count - 1));
                    }
                    #endregion


                    #region 列头及样式
                    {
                        Row headerRow = sheet.CreateRow(1);
                        CellStyle headStyle = workbook.CreateCellStyle();
                        headStyle.Alignment = HorizontalAlignment.CENTER;
                        Font font = workbook.CreateFont();
                        font.FontHeightInPoints = 10;
                        font.Boldweight = 700;
                        headStyle.SetFont(font);
                        if (columnNames == null)
                        {
                            foreach (DataColumn column in dtSource.Columns)
                            {
                                headerRow.CreateCell(column.Ordinal).SetCellValue(column.ColumnName);
                                headerRow.GetCell(column.Ordinal).CellStyle = headStyle;

                                //设置列宽
                                sheet.SetColumnWidth(column.Ordinal, (arrColWidth[column.Ordinal] + 1) * 256);
                            }
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            foreach (DataColumn column in dtSource.Columns)
                            {
                                headerRow.CreateCell(column.Ordinal).SetCellValue(columnNames[column.Ordinal]);
                                headerRow.GetCell(column.Ordinal).CellStyle = headStyle;

                                //设置列宽
                                sheet.SetColumnWidth(column.Ordinal, (arrColWidth[column.Ordinal] + 1) * 256);
                            }
                        }


                    }
                    #endregion

                    rowIndex = 2;
                }
                #endregion


                #region 填充内容
                Row dataRow = sheet.CreateRow(rowIndex);
                foreach (DataColumn column in dtSource.Columns)
                {
                    Cell newCell = dataRow.CreateCell(column.Ordinal);

                    string drValue = row[column].ToString();

                    switch (column.DataType.ToString())
                    {
                        case "System.String"://字符串类型
                            newCell.SetCellValue(drValue);
                            break;
                        case "System.DateTime"://日期类型
                            DateTime dateV;
                            DateTime.TryParse(drValue, out dateV);
                            newCell.SetCellValue(dateV);

                            newCell.CellStyle = dateStyle;//格式化显示
                            break;
                        case "System.Boolean"://布尔型
                            bool boolV = false;
                            bool.TryParse(drValue, out boolV);
                            newCell.SetCellValue(boolV);
                            break;
                        case "System.Int16"://整型
                        case "System.Int32":
                        case "System.Int64":
                        case "System.Byte":
                            int intV = 0;
                            int.TryParse(drValue, out intV);
                            newCell.SetCellValue(intV);
                            break;
                        case "System.Decimal"://浮点型
                        case "System.Double":
                            double doubV = 0;
                            double.TryParse(drValue, out doubV);
                            newCell.SetCellValue(doubV);
                            break;
                        case "System.DBNull"://空值处理
                            newCell.SetCellValue("");
                            break;
                        default:
                            newCell.SetCellValue("");
                            break;
                    }

                }
                #endregion

                rowIndex++;
            }
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
            {
                workbook.Write(ms);
                ms.Flush();
                ms.Position = 0;

                sheet.Dispose();
                //workbook.Dispose();//一般只用写这一个就OK了,他会遍历并释放所有资源,但当前版本有问题所以只释放sheet
                return ms;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 用于Web导出
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="dtSource">源DataTable</param>
        /// <param name="strHeaderText">表头文本</param>
        /// <param name="strFileName">文件名</param>
        public static void ExportByWeb(DataTable dtSource, string strHeaderText, string strFileName, string[] columnNames)
        {
            HttpContext curContext = HttpContext.Current;

            // 设置编码和附件格式
            curContext.Response.ContentType = "application/vnd.ms-excel";
            curContext.Response.ContentEncoding = Encoding.UTF8;
            curContext.Response.Charset = "";
            curContext.Response.AppendHeader("Content-Disposition",
                "attachment;filename=" + HttpUtility.UrlEncode(strFileName, Encoding.UTF8));

            curContext.Response.BinaryWrite(Export(dtSource, strHeaderText, columnNames).GetBuffer());
            curContext.Response.End();
        }

        /// <summary>读取excel
        /// 默认第一行为标头
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="strFileName">excel文档路径</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static DataTable Import(string strFileName)
        {
            DataTable dt = new DataTable();

            HSSFWorkbook hssfworkbook;
            using (FileStream file = new FileStream(strFileName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read))
            {
                hssfworkbook = new HSSFWorkbook(file);
            }
            Sheet sheet = hssfworkbook.GetSheetAt(0);
            System.Collections.IEnumerator rows = sheet.GetRowEnumerator();

            Row headerRow = sheet.GetRow(0);
            int cellCount = headerRow.LastCellNum;

            for (int j = 0; j < cellCount; j++)
            {
                Cell cell = headerRow.GetCell(j);
                dt.Columns.Add(cell.ToString());
            }

            for (int i = (sheet.FirstRowNum + 1); i <= sheet.LastRowNum; i++)
            {
                Row row = sheet.GetRow(i);
                DataRow dataRow = dt.NewRow();

                for (int j = row.FirstCellNum; j < cellCount; j++)
                {
                    if (row.GetCell(j) != null)
                        dataRow[j] = row.GetCell(j).ToString();
                }

                dt.Rows.Add(dataRow);
            }
            return dt;
        }

        #region List泛型集合转换为DataTable
        /// <summary>
        /// 将泛型集合类转换成DataTable
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="T">集合项类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="list">集合</param>
        /// <returns>数据集(表)</returns>
        public static DataTable ToDataTable<T>(IList<T> list)
        {
            return ToDataTable<T>(list, null);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 将泛型集合类转换成DataTable
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="T">集合项类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="list">集合</param>
        /// <param name="propertyName">需要返回的列的列名</param>
        /// <returns>数据集(表)</returns>
        public static DataTable ToDataTable<T>(IList<T> list, params string[] propertyName)
        {
            List<string> propertyNameList = new List<string>();
            if (propertyName != null)
                propertyNameList.AddRange(propertyName);
            DataTable result = new DataTable();
            if (list.Count > 0)
            {
                PropertyInfo[] propertys = list[0].GetType().GetProperties();
                foreach (PropertyInfo pi in propertys)
                {
                    if (propertyNameList.Count == 0)
                    {
                        var _type = pi.PropertyType;

                        // result.Columns.Add(pi.Name, pi.PropertyType);
                        result.Columns.Add(pi.Name);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        if (propertyNameList.Contains(pi.Name))
                            // result.Columns.Add(pi.Name, pi.PropertyType);
                            result.Columns.Add(pi.Name);
                    }
                }
                for (int i = 0; i < list.Count; i++)
                {
                    ArrayList tempList = new ArrayList();
                    foreach (PropertyInfo pi in propertys)
                    {
                        if (propertyNameList.Count == 0)
                        {
                            object obj = pi.GetValue(list[i], null);
                            if (obj != null)
                            {
                                tempList.Add(obj.ToString().Trim());
                            }
                            else
                            {
                                tempList.Add(obj);
                            }
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            if (propertyNameList.Contains(pi.Name))
                            {
                                object obj = pi.GetValue(list[i], null);
                                if (obj != null)
                                {
                                    tempList.Add(obj.ToString().Trim());
                                }
                                else
                                {
                                    tempList.Add(obj);
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                    object[] array = tempList.ToArray();
                    result.LoadDataRow(array, true);
                }
            }
            return result;
        }
        #endregion
    }

View界面

 <a href="/OutExcel/Excel">导出Excel</a>

Controller

====================================

 public void Excel()
        {
            List<T_UserInfo> entityList = UserInfoBLL.GetAll();//获取所有用户信息

            DataTable dt = NPOIHelper.ToDataTable<T_UserInfo>(entityList, new string[] { "ID", "Name", "Age" });
            if (dt == null || dt.Rows.Count == 0)
            {
                return;
            }

//安排导出在Excel中的列的顺序

            dt.Columns["ID"].SetOrdinal(0);
            dt.Columns["Name"].SetOrdinal(1);
            dt.Columns["Age"].SetOrdinal(2);

            int dtCount = dt.Rows.Count;
            if (dtCount != 0)
            {
                string headerText = "用户信息一览表";
                string[] columnNames = new string[] { "编号", "姓名", "年龄" };

                // 设置编码和附件格式
                HttpContext.Response.ContentType = "application/vnd.ms-excel";
                HttpContext.Response.ContentEncoding = Encoding.UTF8;
                HttpContext.Response.Charset = "";
                HttpContext.Response.AppendHeader("Content-Disposition",
                    "attachment;filename=" + HttpUtility.UrlEncode("会员信息一览表.xls", Encoding.UTF8));

                HttpContext.Response.BinaryWrite(NPOIHelper.Export(dt, headerText, columnNames).GetBuffer());
            }
        }   System.Globalization.CultureInfo myCItrad = new System.Globalization.CultureInfo("ZH-CN", true);

 

完毕!

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