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【Leetcode】4Sum

标签: 部分和iterator元素相加leetcode
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Given an array S of n integers, are there elements abc, and d in S such that a + b + c + d = target? Find all unique quadruplets in the array which gives the sum of target.

Note:

  • Elements in a quadruplet (a,b,c,d) must be in non-descending order. (ie, a ≤ b ≤ c ≤ d)
  • The solution set must not contain duplicate quadruplets.

    For example, given array S = {1 0 -1 0 -2 2}, and target = 0.

    A solution set is:
    (-1,  0, 0, 1)
    (-2, -1, 1, 2)
    (-2,  0, 0, 2)

题意:计算数组中4个数字和为target的组合。

采用循环的方式解答,关键点在于start和end的使用,时间复杂度为

class Solution {
public:
    vector<vector<int> > fourSum(vector<int> &num, int target) {
        // Note: The Solution object is instantiated only once and is reused by each test case.
        vector<vector<int>> res;
        vector<int> temp;
        if(num.size()<4)
            return res;
        sort(num.begin(),num.end());
        int len=num.size();
        set<vector<int>> tmpres;  
        for(int i=0;i<len;i++)
        {
            for(int j=i+1;j<len;j++)
            {
                int start=j+1;
                int end=len-1;
                while(start<end)
                {
                    int sum=num[i]+num[j]+num[start]+num[end];
                    if(sum==target)
                    {
                        vector<int> temp;
                        temp.push_back(num[i]);
                        temp.push_back(num[j]);
                        temp.push_back(num[start]);
                        temp.push_back(num[end]);
                        tmpres.insert(temp);  
                        start++;
                        end--;
                    }
                    else if(sum<target)
                        start++;
                    else
                        end--;
                }
            }
        }
        set<vector<int>>::iterator it = tmpres.begin();  
        for(; it != tmpres.end(); it++)  
            res.push_back(*it);  
        return res; 
    }
};



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