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[转]winForm:DataGridView的一些技巧

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本文转自:http://www.cnblogs.com/liulanglang/archive/2007/06/10/778011.html
原文如下:
最近一直跟DataGridView打交道,突然觉得很多技巧性的东西很模糊,经过最近的个人实验操作和从网上查到的资料
把对DataGridView操作的一些技巧总结和借鉴了一下,总结如下:

1、自定义列
   Customize Cells and Columns in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control by Extending Their
    Behavior and Appearance
    Host Controls in Windows Forms DataGridView Cells
    继承 DataGridViewTextBoxCell 类生成新的Cell类,然后再继承 DataGridViewColumn 生成新的Column类,并指定
    CellTemplate为新的Cell类。新生成的Column便可以增加到DataGridView中去。
2、自动适应列宽
   
 Programmatically Resize Cells to Fit Content in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control
    Samples:
    DataGridView.AutoSizeColumns(
           DataGridViewAutoSizeColumnCriteria.HeaderAndDisplayedRows);
    DataGridView.AutoSizeColumn(
                DataGridViewAutoSizeColumnCriteria.HeaderOnly,
                
2false);
    DataGridView.AutoSizeRow(
                DataGridViewAutoSizeRowCriteria.Columns,
                
2false);
    DataGridView.AutoSizeRows(
              DataGridViewAutoSizeRowCriteria.HeaderAndColumns,
                
0, dataGridView1.Rows.Count, false);
3、可以绑定并显示对象
 
   Bind Objects to Windows Forms DataGridView Controls
4、可以改变表格线条风格
   
 Change the Border and Gridline Styles in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control
    Samples:
    
this.dataGridView1.GridColor = Color.BlueViolet;
    
this.dataGridView1.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.Fixed3D;
    
this.dataGridView1.CellBorderStyle = DataGridViewCellBorderStyle.None;
    
this.dataGridView1.RowHeadersBorderStyle = DataGridViewHeaderBorderStyle.Single;
    
this.dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersBorderStyle = DataGridViewHeaderBorderStyle.Single;
5、动态改变列是否显示,和动态改变列的显示顺序
   
 Change the Order of the Columns in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control
    Samples:
    customersDataGridView.Columns[
"CustomerID"].Visible = false;
    customersDataGridView.Columns[
"ContactName"].DisplayIndex = 0;
    customersDataGridView.Columns[
"ContactTitle"].DisplayIndex = 1;
    customersDataGridView.Columns[
"City"].DisplayIndex = 2;
    customersDataGridView.Columns[
"Country"].DisplayIndex = 3;
    customersDataGridView.Columns[
"CompanyName"].DisplayIndex = 4;
6、可以在列中显示图像
   
Display Images in Cells of the Windows Forms DataGridView Control
    Samples:
            Icon treeIcon 
= new Icon(this.GetType(), "tree.ico");
           DataGridViewImageColumn iconColumn 
= new DataGridViewImageColumn ();
           iconColumn.Image 
= treeIcon.ToBitmap();
           iconColumn.Name 
= "Tree";
           iconColumn.HeaderText 
= "Nice tree";
           dataGridView1.Columns.Insert(
2, iconColumn);
7、格式化显示内容:
      
 Format Data in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control
    Samples:
    
this.dataGridView1.Columns["UnitPrice"].DefaultCellStyle.Format = "c";
    
this.dataGridView1.Columns["ShipDate"].DefaultCellStyle.Format = "d";
    
this.dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.NullValue = "no entry";
    
this.dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.WrapMode = DataGridViewWrapMode.Wrap;
    
this.dataGridView1.Columns["CustomerName"].DefaultCellStyle.Alignment =
                         DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleRight;
8、在拖动列的滚动条时可以将指定的列冻结
   
Freeze Columns in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control
    Samples:将指定列及以前的列固定不动
    
this.dataGridView1.Columns["AddToCartButton"].Frozen = true;
9、获取选择的单元格,行,列
    Get the Selected Cells, Rows, and Columns in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control
    Samples:
       见msdn。
10、显示录入时出现的错误信息
    Handle Errors that Occur During Data Entry in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control
    Samples:
   
private void dataGridView1_DataError(object sender,
        DataGridViewDataErrorEventArgs e)
        
{
        
// If the data source raises an exception when a cell value is
        
// commited, display an error message.
        if (e.Exception != null &&
            e.Context 
== DataGridViewDataErrorContext.Commit)
        
{
            MessageBox.Show(
"CustomerID value must be unique.");
        }

        }

11、大数据量显示采用Virtual Mode
    Implement Virtual Mode in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control
12、设置指定的列只读
    Make Columns in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control Read-Only
    Samples:
    
dataGridView1.Columns["CompanyName"].ReadOnly = true;
 
13、移去自动生成的列
    Remove Autogenerated Columns from a Windows Forms DataGridView Control
    Sample:
   
dataGridView1.AutoGenerateColumns = true;
    dataGridView1.DataSource 
= customerDataSet;
    dataGridView1.Columns.Remove (
"Fax");
    或:
    dataGridView1.Columns[
"CustomerID"].Visible = false;
14、自定义选择模式
    Set the Selection Mode of the Windows Forms DataGridView Control
    Sample:
   
this.dataGridView1.SelectionMode = DataGridViewSelectionMode.FullRowSelect;
    
this.dataGridView1.MultiSelect = false;
15、自定义设定光标进入单元格是否编辑模式(编辑模式)
    Specify the Edit Mode for the Windows Forms DataGridView Control
    this.dataGridView1.EditMode = DataGridViewEditMode.EditOnEnter;
16、新行指定默认值
    Specify Default Values for New Rows in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control
    Sample:
   
private void dataGridView1_DefaultValuesNeeded(object sender,                       System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewRowEventArgs e)
    
{
      e.Row.Cells[
"Region"].Value = "WA";
       e.Row.Cells[
"City"].Value = "Redmond";
       e.Row.Cells[
"PostalCode"].Value = "98052-6399";
      e.Row.Cells[
"Region"].Value = "NA";
      e.Row.Cells[
"Country"].Value = "USA";
    e.Row.Cells[
"CustomerID"].Value = NewCustomerId();
    }

17、数据验证
    Validate Data in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control
    Samples:
   
 private void dataGridView1_CellValidating(object sender,
            DataGridViewCellValidatingEventArgs e)
        
{
        
// Validate the CompanyName entry by disallowing empty strings.
        if (dataGridView1.Columns[e.ColumnIndex].Name == "CompanyName")
        
{
            
if (e.FormattedValue.ToString() == String.Empty)
            
{
                dataGridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].ErrorText 
=
                    
"Company Name must not be empty";
                e.Cancel 
= true;
            }

        }

        }

18、数据提交到dataset中
               
 DataSet ds = new DataSet("MyDataSet");
                ds.Tables[biaom.Trim()].Rows.Clear();
                
try
                
{
                    
for (int i = 0; i < dataGridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
                    
{
                        DataTable dt 
= ds.Tables[biaom.Trim()];
                        DataRow myrow 
= ds.Tables[biaom.Trim()].NewRow();
                        
for (int j = 0; j < dataGridView1.Columns.Count; j++)
                        
{
                            myrow[j] 
= Convert.ToString(dataGridView1.Rows[i].Cells[j].Value);
                        }

                        ds.Tables[biaom.Trim()].Rows.Add(myrow);
                    }

                }

                
catch (Exception)
                
{
                    
                    MessageBox.Show(
"输入类型错误!");
                    
return;
                }

 
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