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利用HttpModuler实现WEB程序同一时间只让一个用户实例登陆

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/*
作者:阿牛(牛昆亮) QQ:273352165 MSN:niukl@hotmail.com

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    如果您有什么改过,记得告诉我!
*/


我在们使用ASP.Net开发WEB网站时,有的时候是不让同一个用户名在同一时间进行多次登陆的。
      为了不影响原来的整个网站,我选择使用了HttpModuler来实现。
 先让所有的Page从自己的Page类:BasePage类继承,并实现 ISigleLogin接口。相关代码如下:

    public interface ISingleLogin
    
{
        
string SigleUserLoginId get; }

        
void SigleUserLogout();

    }

public class BasePage : System.Web.UI.Page , BNet.Web.Modulers.ISingleLogin
{
    
public BasePage()
    
{
        
//
        
// TODO: 在此处添加构造函数逻辑
        
//
    }


    
protected override void OnLoad(EventArgs e)
    
{
        
base.OnLoad(e);
        
if (Session["UserId"== null)
        
{
            Response.Write(
"你还没有登陆");
            Response.Redirect(
"login.aspx");
        }

    }


    
#region ISingleLogin 成员

    
public string SigleUserLoginId
    
{
        
get 
        
{
            
if (Session["UserId"!= null)
            
{
                
return Session["UserId"].ToString();
            }

            
else
                
return "";
        }

    }


    
public void SigleUserLogout()
    
{
        Session.Abandon();
        Response.Write(
"你在别处已经登陆,强制退出本次登陆!");
    }


    
#endregion

}

      然后在Web.config中加入HttpModuler:

<system.web>
    
<httpModules>
      
<add name="SingleLogin" type="BNet.Web.Modulers.SingleLoginModuler"/>

    
</httpModules>
</system.web>
      相关的SigleLoginModuler代码如下:
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;

namespace BNet.Web.Modulers
{
    
/// <summary>
    
/// SingleLoginModuler 的摘要说明
    
/// </summary>

    public class SingleLoginModuler : System.Web.IHttpModule
    
{
        
const string sigle_login_userid = "evlon_siglelogin_userid";
        
const string sigle_pre_logout_sessionid = "evlon_sigle_pre_logout_sessionid";

        
static StringLifeValueDictionary loginedUserIdDictionary = null;
        
static StringLifeValueDictionary LoginedUserIdDictionary
        
{
            
get
            
{
                
if (loginedUserIdDictionary == null)
                
{
                    loginedUserIdDictionary 
= new StringLifeValueDictionary();
                }

                
else
                
{
                    List
<string> listRemove = new List<string>();
                    StringLifeValueDictionary.Enumerator iter 
= loginedUserIdDictionary.GetEnumerator();
                    
while (iter.MoveNext())
                    
{
                        
if (iter.Current.Value.life < DateTime.Now)
                        
{
                            listRemove.Add(iter.Current.Key);
                        }

                    }


                    
foreach (string key in listRemove)
                    
{
                        loginedUserIdDictionary.Remove(key);
                    }

                }


                
return loginedUserIdDictionary;
            }

        }


        
static StringLifeValueDictionary preLogoutSessionIdDictionary = null;
        
static StringLifeValueDictionary PreLogoutSessionIdDictionary
        
{
            
get
            
{
                
if (preLogoutSessionIdDictionary == null)
                
{
                    preLogoutSessionIdDictionary 
= new StringLifeValueDictionary();
                }

                
else
                
{
                    List
<string> listRemove = new List<string>();
                    StringLifeValueDictionary.Enumerator iter 
= preLogoutSessionIdDictionary.GetEnumerator();
                    
while (iter.MoveNext())
                    
{
                        
if (iter.Current.Value.life < DateTime.Now)
                        
{
                            listRemove.Add(iter.Current.Key);
                        }

                    }


                    
foreach (string key in listRemove)
                    
{
                        preLogoutSessionIdDictionary.Remove(key);
                    }

                }


                
return preLogoutSessionIdDictionary;
            }

        }


        
public SingleLoginModuler()
        
{
            
//
            
// TODO: 在此处添加构造函数逻辑
            
//
        }


        
#region IHttpModule 成员

        
public void Dispose()
        


        
public void Init(HttpApplication context)
        
{
            context.PreRequestHandlerExecute 
+= new EventHandler(context_PreRequestHandlerExecute);
            context.PostRequestHandlerExecute 
+= new EventHandler(context_PostRequestHandlerExecute);
            
        }




        
void context_PreRequestHandlerExecute(object sender, EventArgs e)
        
{
            HttpApplication context 
= sender as HttpApplication;
            IHttpHandler httpHandler 
= context.Context.CurrentHandler;
            
if (httpHandler is ISingleLogin)
            
{
                ISingleLogin sl 
= httpHandler as ISingleLogin;
                
string suid = sl.SigleUserLoginId;
                
if (suid != string.Empty)
                
{
                    
if (PreLogoutSessionIdDictionary.ContainsKey(context.Session.SessionID))
                    
{
                        
//这个用户应该强制登出
                        PreLogoutSessionIdDictionary.Remove(context.Session.SessionID);

                        Page page 
= (Page)httpHandler;
                        page.PreInit 
+= new EventHandler(page_PreInit);

                    }

                    
else if (!LoginedUserIdDictionary.ContainsKey(suid))
                    
{
                        LoginedUserIdDictionary.Add(suid, 
new LifeValue(context.Session.SessionID));
                    }

                }

            }


        }


        
void page_PreInit(object sender, EventArgs e)
        
{
            Page page 
= sender as Page;
            ISingleLogin sl 
= page as ISingleLogin;
            
if (sl != null)
            
{
                sl.SigleUserLogout();
                page.Response.End();
            }

        }


        
void context_PostRequestHandlerExecute(object sender, EventArgs e)
        
{
            
//从LogineduserId 里找到和当前用户一样的用户ID的SessionId
            HttpApplication context = sender as HttpApplication;
            IHttpHandler httpHandler 
= context.Context.CurrentHandler;
            
if (httpHandler is ISingleLogin)
            
{
                ISingleLogin sl 
= httpHandler as ISingleLogin;
                
string suid = sl.SigleUserLoginId;
                
if (suid != string.Empty)
                
{
                    
if (LoginedUserIdDictionary.ContainsKey(suid))
                    
{
                        
string sessionId = LoginedUserIdDictionary[suid].value;
                        
if (sessionId != context.Session.SessionID)
                        
{
                            
if (!PreLogoutSessionIdDictionary.ContainsKey(sessionId))
                            
{
                                PreLogoutSessionIdDictionary.Add(sessionId,
new LifeValue(suid));
                            }


                            LoginedUserIdDictionary.Remove(suid);
                        }

                    }

                    
else
                    
{
                        LoginedUserIdDictionary.Add(sl.SigleUserLoginId, 
new LifeValue( context.Session.SessionID));
                    }


                }

            }

        }


        
#endregion

    }


    
public class LifeValue
    
{
        
public string value;
        
public DateTime life;

        
public LifeValue(string value)
        
{
            
this.value = value;
            
this.life = DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(HttpContext.Current.Session.Timeout + 5);
        }

    }


    
public class StringLifeValueDictionary : Dictionary<string, LifeValue>
    
{

    }



    
public interface ISingleLogin
    
{
        
string SigleUserLoginId get; }

        
void SigleUserLogout();

    }

}

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