# CodeForces 487E UOJ 30 Tourists Tarjan + 树链剖分

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#include <cstdio>
#include <algorithm>
#include <functional>
#include <set>
#include <cstring>
using namespace std;
#define FOR(i,j,k) for(i=j;i<=k;i++)
int s = 0, f = 1; char ch = getchar();
for (; '0' > ch || ch > '9'; ch = getchar()) if (ch == '-') f = -1;
for (; '0' <= ch && ch <= '9'; ch = getchar()) s = s * 10 + ch - '0';
return s * f;
}

const int N = 100001, M = 2 * N;

struct Graph {
Graph() : cnt(0) {}
void add(int u, int v) {
}
};

struct BCC : Graph {
int dfn[N], low[N], id[N], belong[N], cut[N], cnt;
multiset<int> val[M];

BCC() {
cnt = 0;
}

function<void(int,int)> found_cut_point;

void tarjan(int u) {
static int ts = 0, top = 0;
static int stack[N];
int x, i;
dfn[u] = low[u] = ++ts;
stack[++top] = u;
for (i = head[u]; i; i = next[i])
if (!dfn[to[i]]) {
tarjan(to[i]);
low[u] = min(low[u], low[to[i]]);
if (dfn[u] == low[to[i]]) {
cnt ++;
cut[u] = 1;
do {
x = stack[top--];
id[x] = cnt;
if (cut[x])
found_cut_point(x, cnt);
} while(x != to[i]);
found_cut_point(u, cnt);
}
} else low[u] = min(low[u], dfn[to[i]]);
}
} bcc;

struct SegmentTree {
int initial[M], mi[M];

int build(int t, int l, int r) {
if (l == r) return mi[t] = initial[l];
int mid = l + r >> 1;
return mi[t] = min(build(t * 2, l, mid), build(t * 2 + 1, mid + 1, r));
}

int query(int t, int l, int r, int ql, int qr) {
if (l == ql && r == qr) return mi[t];
int mid = l + r >> 1;
if (qr <= mid) return query(t * 2, l, mid, ql, qr);
else if (ql > mid) return query(t * 2 + 1, mid + 1, r, ql, qr);
else return min(query(t * 2, l, mid, ql, mid),
query(t * 2 + 1, mid + 1, r, mid + 1, qr));
}

void modify(int t, int l, int r, int x, int v) {
if (l == r) { mi[t] = v; return; }
int mid = l + r >> 1;
if (x <= mid) modify(t * 2, l, mid, x, v);
else modify(t * 2 + 1, mid + 1, r, x, v);
mi[t] = min(mi[t * 2], mi[t * 2 + 1]);
}
} seg;

struct Tree : Graph {
int son[N], sz[N], top[N], dep[N], pos[N], fa[N], id;
SegmentTree *st;

Tree() {
id = 0;
}

void dfs1(int x) {
son[x] = 0; sz[x] = 1;
for (int i = head[x]; i; i = next[i])
if (to[i] != fa[x]) {
fa[to[i]] = x; dep[to[i]] = dep[x] + 1;
dfs1(to[i]);
sz[x] += sz[to[i]];
if (sz[to[i]] > sz[son[x]]) son[x] = to[i];
}
}

void dfs2(int x, int t) {
top[x] = t; pos[x] = ++id;
if (son[x]) dfs2(son[x], t);
for (int i = head[x]; i; i = next[i])
if (to[i] != fa[x] && to[i] != son[x])
dfs2(to[i], to[i]);
}

int lca(int x, int y) {
int fx = top[x], fy = top[y];
while (fx != fy) {
if (dep[fx] < dep[fy]) swap(fx, fy), swap(x, y);
x = fa[fx], fx = top[x];
}
if (dep[x] > dep[y]) swap(x, y);
return x;
}

int query(int x, int y) {
int fx = top[x], fy = top[y], ans = 2147483647;
while (fx != fy) {
if (dep[fx] < dep[fy]) swap(fx, fy), swap(x, y);
ans = min(ans, st->query(1, 1, id, pos[fx], pos[x]));
x = fa[fx], fx = top[x];
}
if (dep[x] > dep[y]) swap(x, y);
return min(ans, st->query(1, 1, id, pos[x], pos[y]));
}
} tree;

int main() {
static int w[N];
char ch[2];
FOR (i, 1, n) w[i] = read();
tree.st = &seg;
bcc.found_cut_point = [n] (int id, int bcc) {
};
bcc.tarjan(1);
FOR (i, 1, n) {
if (i != 1)
bcc.val[bcc.id[i]].insert(w[i]);
if (bcc.cut[i])
bcc.val[n + i].insert(2147483647);
}
tree.dfs1(n+1); tree.dfs2(n+1, n+1);
memset(seg.initial, 127, sizeof seg.initial);
FOR (i, 1, 2*n) if(tree.pos[i]) seg.initial[tree.pos[i]] = *bcc.val[i].begin();
seg.build(1, 1, tree.id);
while (q--) {
scanf("%s%d%d", ch, &x, &y);
if (ch[0] == 'C') {
if (x != 1) {
bcc.val[bcc.id[x]].erase(bcc.val[bcc.id[x]].find(w[x]));
bcc.val[bcc.id[x]].insert(y);
seg.modify(1, 1, tree.id, tree.pos[bcc.id[x]], *bcc.val[bcc.id[x]].begin());
}
w[x] = y;
} else {
if (x == y) printf("%d\n", w[x]);
else {
x=bcc.cut[x] ? x + n : bcc.id[x];
y=bcc.cut[y] ? y + n : bcc.id[y];
int l = tree.lca(x, y);
if (l <= bcc.cnt) l = tree.fa[l];
printf("%d\n", min(w[l - n], tree.query(x, y));
}
}
}
return 0;
}


E. Tourists
time limit per test
2 seconds
memory limit per test
256 megabytes
input
standard input
output
standard output

There are n cities in Cyberland, numbered from 1 to n, connected by m bidirectional roads. The j-th road connects city ajand bj.

For tourists, souvenirs are sold in every city of Cyberland. In particular, city i sell it at a price of wi.

Now there are q queries for you to handle. There are two types of queries:

• "a w": The price in city a is changed to w.
• "a b": Now a tourist will travel from city a to b. He will choose a route, he also doesn't want to visit a city twice. He will buy souvenirs at the city where the souvenirs are the cheapest (possibly exactly at city a or b). You should output the minimum possible price that he can buy the souvenirs during his travel.

More formally, we can define routes as follow:

• A route is a sequence of cities [x1, x2, ..., xk], where k is a certain positive integer.
• For any 1 ≤ i < j ≤ k, xi ≠ xj.
• For any 1 ≤ i < k, there is a road connecting xi and xi + 1.
• The minimum price of the route is min(wx1, wx2, ..., wxk).
• The required answer is the minimum value of the minimum prices of all valid routes from a to b.
Input

The first line of input contains three integers n, m, q (1 ≤ n, m, q ≤ 105), separated by a single space.

Next n lines contain integers wi (1 ≤ wi ≤ 109).

Next m lines contain pairs of space-separated integers aj and bj (1 ≤ aj, bj ≤ n, aj ≠ bj).

It is guaranteed that there is at most one road connecting the same pair of cities. There is always at least one valid route between any two cities.

Next q lines each describe a query. The format is "a w" or "a b" (1 ≤ a, b ≤ n, 1 ≤ w ≤ 109).

Output

For each query of type "A", output the corresponding answer.

Sample test(s)
input
3 3 3
1
2
3
1 2
2 3
1 3
A 2 3
C 1 5
A 2 3

output
1
2

input
7 9 4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1 2
2 5
1 5
2 3
3 4
2 4
5 6
6 7
5 7
A 2 3
A 6 4
A 6 7
A 3 3

output
2
1
5
3

Note

For the second sample, an optimal routes are:

From 2 to 3 it is [2, 3].

From 6 to 4 it is [6, 5, 1, 2, 4].

From 6 to 7 it is [6, 5, 7].

From 3 to 3 it is [3].

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OJ
神犇们的后庭院
wzq_QwQ http://blog.csdn.net/wzq_QwQ
vmurder http://blog.csdn.net/vmurder/
PoPoQQQ http://blog.csdn.net/popoqqq/
YJQ神犇 http://tarawa.github.io/
?神?论文
http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~rwh/theses/okasaki.pdf
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