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杀毒软件实时杀毒的奥秘

标签: 杀毒软件structpath加密ddkfile
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杀毒软件实时杀毒的奥秘

作者:LuLin

市面上所有号称"虚拟机","防火墙"的实时监控杀毒软件无一不是使用的IFSHOOK技术.但是同时也有一些朋友不断写MAIL给我打听如何实现读写的监控.下面给出用VTOOLSD写的代码.也就是所有实时杀毒软件的奥秘.同时,很多拦截文件操作的软件,例如对目录加密,文件加密等,也采用了雷同的技术.
由于代码十分简单,不分析了.
//=============================================================================
//
//By Lu Lin 2000.5.10
// Apply with VtoolsD 3.01
// DDK version is available if requested.
//Abstract:
// Install a IFS hook, monitoring any read and write access
//
//=============================================================================
// IFSHOOK.c - main module for IFSHOOK

#define  DEVICE_MAIN
#include "ifshook.h"
#undef  DEVICE_MAIN 

//typedef EventHdl(pevent pev,pioreq pir);

typedef struct _Monitored_Files{
struct _Monitored_Files *pNext_Monitored_Files;//pointer to next struct
struct _Monitored_Files *pPre_Monitored_Files;//pointer to previous struct
int sfn;//system file number
int open_count;
char path[260]; //ansi path name
}_Monitored_Files,*pMonitored_Files;

//
//Declare virtual device
//
Declare_Virtual_Device(IFSHOOK)

_Monitored_Files Monitored_Files;
ppIFSFileHookFunc PrevHook;

DefineControlHandler(SYS_VM_INIT, OnSysVMInit);
DefineControlHandler(SYS_DYNAMIC_DEVICE_INIT, OnSysDynamicDeviceInit);
DefineControlHandler(SYS_DYNAMIC_DEVICE_EXIT, OnSysDynamicDeviceExit);
DefineControlHandler(SYS_VM_TERMINATE, OnSysVMTerminate);

PCHAR ConvertPath( int drive, path_t ppath, PCHAR fullpathname )
{
  int i = 0;
  _QWORD result;

  //
  // Stick on the drive letter if we know it.
  //
  if( drive != 0xFF ) {

    fullpathname[0] = drive+"A"-1;
    fullpathname[1] = ":";
    i = 2;
  }
  UniToBCSPath( &fullpathname[i], ppath->pp_elements, 260 , BCS_WANSI, &result );
  return( fullpathname );
}

pMonitored_Files IsFileOpened(int i){
pMonitored_Files p=&Monitored_Files;

while (p){
 if (i==p->sfn){
  return p;
 }
 p=p->pNext_Monitored_Files;
}
return 0;
}

BOOL ControlDispatcher(
DWORD dwControlMessage,
DWORD EBX,
DWORD EDX,
DWORD ESI,
DWORD EDI,
DWORD ECX)
{
START_CONTROL_DISPATCH

 ON_SYS_VM_INIT(OnSysVMInit);
 ON_SYS_DYNAMIC_DEVICE_INIT(OnSysDynamicDeviceInit);
 ON_SYS_DYNAMIC_DEVICE_EXIT(OnSysDynamicDeviceExit);

END_CONTROL_DISPATCH

return TRUE;
}

int _cdecl MyIfsHook(pIFSFunc pfn, int fn, int Drive, int ResType,
 int CodePage, pioreq pir)
{
int retvar,i;
char fullpathname[260];
_Monitored_Files *FileEntry;
switch(fn){
 case IFSFN_OPEN:{
  retvar=(*PrevHook)(pfn, fn, Drive, ResType, CodePage, pir);
  ConvertPath( Drive, pir->ir_ppath, fullpathname );
  FileEntry=IsFileOpened(pir->ir_sfn);
  if (FileEntry){
  FileEntry->open_count++;
  }else{
  FileEntry=&Monitored_Files;
  while(1){
   if (FileEntry->pNext_Monitored_Files){
   FileEntry=FileEntry->pNext_Monitored_Files;
   }
   else{
   break;
   }
  }
  FileEntry->pNext_Mon_itored_Files=/
   HeapAllocate( sizeof(_Monitored_Files),HEAPZEROINIT);
  FileEntry->pNext_Monitored_Files->pPre_Mon_itored_Files=FileEntry;
  FileEntry=FileEntry->pNext_Monitored_Files;
  FileEntry->sfn=pir->ir_sfn;
  FileEntry->open_count=1;
  memcpy(FileEntry->path,fullpathname,260);
  }
  return retvar;
 }

 case IFSFN_READ:{
  //Do something here,
  //eg. Decrypt the file.
  char *str;
  int j;
  str=pir->ir_data;
  j=pir->ir_length;
  retvar=(*PrevHook)(pfn, fn, Drive, ResType, CodePage, pir);
  FileEntry=IsFileOpened(pir->ir_sfn);
  if (!stricmp("c://test.txt",FileEntry->path)){
  for (i=0;i<j;i++){
   str[i]--;
  }
  }
  return retvar;
 }

 case IFSFN_WRITE:{
  //Do something here
  //eg. Encrypt the file
  FileEntry=IsFileOpened(pir->ir_sfn);
  if (FileEntry){
  if (!stricmp("c://test.txt",FileEntry->path)){
   for (i=0;i<pir->ir_length;i++){
   (((char*)pir->ir_data)[i])++;
   }
  }
  }
  return (*PrevHook)(pfn, fn, Drive, ResType, CodePage, pir);
 }

 case IFSFN_CLOSE:{
  FileEntry=IsFileOpened(pir->ir_sfn);
  if (FileEntry){ 
  FileEntry->open_count--;
  if (!FileEntry->open_count){
   FileEntry->pPre_Monitored_Files->pNext_Mon_itored_Files=/
   FileEntry->pNext_Monitored_Files;
   FileEntry->pNext_Monitored_Files->pPre_Mon_itored_Files=/
   FileEntry->pPre_Monitored_Files;
   HeapFree(FileEntry,0);
   }
  }
  return (*PrevHook)(pfn, fn, Drive, ResType, CodePage, pir);
 }

} 

return (*PrevHook)(pfn, fn, Drive, ResType, CodePage, pir);
}

BOOL OnSysVMInit(VMHANDLE hVM){
return OnSysDynamicDeviceInit();
}

BOOL OnSysDynamicDeviceInit()
{
PrevHook = IFSMgr_InstallFileSystemApiHook(MyIfsHook);
Monitored_Files.pNext_Mon_itored_Files=0;
Monitored_Files.pPre_Mon_itored_Files=0;
Monitored_Files.sfn=-1;
Monitored_Files.open_count=0;
Monitored_Files.path[0]=0;

return TRUE;
}

BOOL OnSysDynamicDeviceExit()
{
IFSMgr_RemoveFileSystemApiHook(MyIfsHook);
return TRUE;
}

void OnSysVMTerminate(VMHANDLE hVM){
return OnSysDynamicDeviceExit();
}

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