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(收集)软件测试术语

标签: 软件测试testing测试localizationinternationalizationperformance
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分类:

Glossary

A
Acceptance testing                            验收测试
Accessibility test                                软体适用性测试
Active or open                                     激活状态
Adaptability                                         适应性
Ad hoc testing                                    随机测试
Algorithm analysis                            算法分析
Alpha testing                                      α测试
Anomaly                                             异常
Artifact                                                 工件
Automated Testing                           自动化测试
Architecture                                        构架
Assertion checking                           断言检查
Audit                                                     审计
Application under test (AUT)           所测试的应用程序
Availability                                           可用性

B
Baseline                                             基线
Behaviour                                           行为
Benchmark                                        基准
Beta testing                                       β测试
Best practise                                     最佳实践
Black box testing                              黑盒测试
Blocking bug                                     阻碍性错误
Bottom-up testing                            自底向上测试
Branch coverage                              分支覆盖
Brute force testing                           强力测试
Bug                                                     错误
Bug report                                         错误报告
Bug tracking system                       错误跟踪系统
Build                                                  工作版本(内部小版本)
Boundary values                              边界值
Buddy test                                         合伙测试
Bug bash                                          错误大扫除
Bug crawl                                          错误评审会议
Build-in                                              内置
Build Verfication tests(BVTs)         版本验证测试

C
Cause-effect graph                          因果图 
Capture/Replay Tool                        捕获/回放工具
Character Set                                    字符集
Characteristic                                    特征
Capability Maturity Model (CMM)    能力成熟度模型
Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) 能力成熟度模型整合
Code coverage                                 代码覆盖
Code Freeze                                     代码冻结
Code page                                        代码页
Code rule                                           编码规范
Code sytle                                          编码风格
Cohesion                                           内聚度
Conformity                                         合格(符合)
Common sense                               常识
Compatibility Testing                       兼容性测试
Component testing                           组件测试
Condition coverage                           条件覆盖
Configuration testing                        配置测试
Control flow graph                            控制流程图
Context-Driven Testing                    相关环境驱动测试
Crash                                                  崩溃
Criticality analysis                             致命度分析
Criteria                                                准则
Concurrency user                             并发用户
Configuration item                            配置项
Corrective action                               纠正措施
Cyclomatic complexity                     圈复杂度

D
Data Flow Analysis                          数据流分析
Decision coverage                           判定覆盖
Debug                                                调试
Defect                                                 缺陷
Delivery                                              交付
Defect density                                   缺陷密度
Dependability                                   可信性
Deployment                                      部署
Desk checking                                 桌前检查
Deviation permit                              偏离许可
Distributed testing                          分布式测试
Dynamic analysis                           动态分析

E
Effectiveness                                  有效性
Efficiency                                          效率
Encapsulation                                封装
Entry criteria                                    准入条件
Equivalence class                         等价类
Equivalence partition testing       等价划分测试
Error                                                 错误
Error guessing                               错误猜测
Error seeding                                 错误播种
Exception                                        异常/例外
Exception handlers                       异常处理器
Experience of quality                     质量体验
Exhaustive testing                         穷尽测试
Exploratory testing                         探索性测试
Evaluation                                       评价,评估
Event-driven                                    事件驱动

F

Failure                                             失效
Fatal bug                                         致命的缺陷
Fault                                                故障
Feature                                           产品特性
Field testing                                   现场测试
Flexibility                                        灵活性
Framework                                    框架
Functional testing                        功能测试
Functionality                                  功能性

G
G11N(Globalization)                     全球化
Garbage characters                      乱码字符
Glossary                                          术语表
Glass-box testing                          白箱测试或白盒测试
GUI(Graphical User Interface)    图形用户界面

H
Hard-coding                                   硬编码
Hotfix                                               热补丁

I
I18N(Internationalization)            国际化
Identifier                                          标识符
Implementation requirement      实现需求
Incremental testing                       渐增测试
Infrastructure                                  基础设施
Installing testing                            安装测试
Integration testing                          集成测试
Interface                                           接口
Inspection                                        审查
Invoke                                                调用
Isolation                                            隔离
Issue                                                 问题
Iteration                                             迭代

J

K
Key Process Area                            关键过程区域
Keyword driven testing                    关键字驱动测试
Kick-off meeting                               启动会议

L
L10N(Localization)                          本地化
Localizability testing                        本地化能力测试
Localization testing                         本地化测试
Load testing                                      负载测试
Log file                                               日志文件

M
Maintenance                                     维护
Maintainability                                   可维护性
Measurement                                   度量
Memory leak                                     内存泄漏
Migration testing                              迁移测试
Milestone                                          里程碑
Mock up                                             模型,原型
Modularity                                          模块性
Module                                               模块
Monkey testing                                  跳跃式测试
Module testing                                  模块测试
MTBF                                                  失效平均时间
MTTR                                                 平均维修时间

N
Negative Testing                            逆向测试, 反向测试, 负面测试
Nest                                                  嵌套
N/A(Not applicable)                       不适用的

O
Off-the-shelf software                   套装软件

P
Pair Programming                         成对编程
Path coverage                                 路径覆盖
Peer review                                     同行评审
Performance                                   性能
Performance indicator                  性能(绩效)指标
Performance testing                      性能测试
Perventive action                            预防措施
Pilot testing                                     引导测试
Portability                                         可移植性
Positive testing                               正向测试
Postcondition                                  后置条件
Pseudo code                                   伪代码
Precondition                                    前提条件
Priority                                              优先权

Q
Quality assurance(QA)                  质量保证
Quality Control(QC)                        质量控制

R
Recovery testing                              恢复测试
Refactoring                                       重构
Regression testing                         回归测试
Release                                             发布
Release note                                    版本说明
Reliability                                           可靠性
Return of Investment(ROI)        投资回报率
Review                                                评审
Requirements-based testing         基于需求的测试
Requirements management tool  需求管理工具
Reusability                                         可重用性,复用率
Risk assessment                             风险评估
Root Cause Analysis(RCA)             根本原因分析
Robustness                                        强健性

S
Sanity testing                                     健全测试
Scalability                                           可扩展性
Screen shot                                       抓屏、截图
Script                                                  脚本
Severity                                              严重性
Security testing                                安全性测试
Shipment                                          发布
Smoke testing                                 冒烟测试
Software life cycle                           软件生命周期
Software development plan(SDP)    软件开发计划
Stability                                             稳定性
Static testing                                    静态测试
Simulation                                        模拟
Simulator                                          模拟器
SLA(Service level agreement)      服务级别协议
Software development process   软件开发过程
Source code                                     源代码
Specification                                     规格说明书
Spiral model                                     螺旋模型
Statement coverage                        语句覆盖
Stepwise refinement                       逐步优化
Stress Testing                                  压力测试
Structural coverage                          结构化覆盖
Stub                                                    桩
Synchronization                                同步
Syntax testing                                    语法分析
System analysis                               系统分析
System design                                  系统设计
System integration                           系统集成
System Testing                                 系统测试

T
TBD(To be determined)                   待定
Test                                                      测试
Testing bed                                        测试平台
Test case                                            测试用例
Testing coverage                               测试覆盖
Test design                                        测试设计
Test driver                                           测试驱动
Testing environment                         测试环境
Test infrastructure                             测试基础建设
Testing item                                       测试项
Testing plan                                       测试计划
Testing procedure                             测试过程
Test scenario                                     测试场景
Test script                                           测试脚本
Test strategy                                       测试策略
Test suite                                            测试包
Test target                                           测试目标
Testability                                            可测试性
Testware                                             测试工具
Tolerance Test                                   容错测试
Top-down testing                               自顶向下测试
Thread testing                                     线程测试
Traceability                                          可跟踪性
Traceability matrix                              跟踪矩阵

V
Version                                                 版本
Virtual user                                          虚拟用户
Volume testing                                   容量测试
V&V (Verification & Validation)         验证&确认

U
Unit testing                                          单元测试
User interface(UI)                               用户界面
Usability testing                                  可用性测试
Usage scenario                                  使用场景
User acceptance Test                        用户验收测试
User profile                                           用户信息
User scenario                                      用户场景

W
Walkthrough                                         走读
Waterfall model                                   瀑布模型
White box testing                                 白盒测试
Work breakdown structure (WBS)    任务分解结构
Web testing                                          网站测试

X

Y

Z
Zero bug bounce (ZBB)                     零错误反弹
零错误反弹是指在项目中的某一点上,开发活动最终赶上了测试的步伐,当前已经不存在活跃错误

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