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MultiByteToWideChar WideCharToMultiByte

标签: characternullstringbufferdeletefunction
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char sText[20] = {"多字节字符串!OK!"};
将MultiByteToWideChar()的第四个形参设为-1,即可返回所需的短字符数组空间的个数:
 DWORD dwNum = MultiByteToWideChar (CP_ACP, 0, sText, -1, NULL, 0);
 
 wchar_t *pwText;
 pwText = new wchar_t[dwNum];
 if(!pwText)
 {
 delete []pwText;
 }
   MultiByteToWideChar (CP_ACP, 0, psText, -1, sText, dwSize);
  delete []psText;
 

 同理,宽字符转为多字节字符的代码如下:
 wchar_t wText[20] = {L"宽字符转换实例!OK!"};
 DWORD dwNum = WideCharToMultiByte(CP_OEMCP,NULL,lpcwszStr,-1,NULL,0,NULL,FALSE);
 char *psText;
 psText = new char[dwNum];
 if(!psText)
 {
 delete []psText;
 }
 WideCharToMultiByte (CP_OEMCP,NULL,lpcwszStr,-1,psText,dwNum,NULL,FALSE);
 delete []psText;
 
 如果之前我们已经分配好空间,并且由于字符串较短,可以不理会浪费的空间,仅仅只是想简单地将短字符和宽字符相互转换,那有没有什么简便的方法呢
 WIN32 API里没有符合这种要求的函数,但我们可以自己进行封装:
 
 //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 //Description:
 // This function maps a character string to a wide-character (Unicode) string
 //
 //Parameters:
 // lpcszStr: [in] Pointer to the character string to be converted
 // lpwszStr: [out] Pointer to a buffer that receives the translated string.
 // dwSize: [in] Size of the buffer
 //
 //Return Values:
 // TRUE: Succeed
 // FALSE: Failed
 //
 //Example:
 // MByteToWChar(szA,szW,sizeof(szW)/sizeof(szW[0]));
 //---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 BOOL MByteToWChar(LPCSTR lpcszStr, LPWSTR lpwszStr, DWORD dwSize)
 {
 // Get the required size of the buffer that receives the Unicode
 // string.
 DWORD dwMinSize;
 dwMinSize = MultiByteToWideChar (CP_ACP, 0, lpcszStr, -1, NULL, 0);
 
 if(dwSize < dwMinSize)
 {
 return FALSE;
 }
 
 
 // Convert headers from ASCII to Unicode.
 MultiByteToWideChar (CP_ACP, 0, lpcszStr, -1, lpwszStr, dwMinSize);
 return TRUE;
 }
 
 //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 //Description:
 // This function maps a wide-character string to a new character string
 //
 //Parameters:
 // lpcwszStr: [in] Pointer to the character string to be converted
 // lpszStr: [out] Pointer to a buffer that receives the translated string.
 // dwSize: [in] Size of the buffer
 //
 //Return Values:
 // TRUE: Succeed
 // FALSE: Failed
 //
 //Example:
 // MByteToWChar(szW,szA,sizeof(szA)/sizeof(szA[0]));
 //---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 BOOL WCharToMByte(LPCWSTR lpcwszStr, LPSTR lpszStr, DWORD dwSize)
 {
 DWORD dwMinSize;
 dwMinSize = WideCharToMultiByte(CP_OEMCP,NULL,lpcwszStr,-1,NULL,0,NULL,FALSE);
 if(dwSize < dwMinSize)
 {
 return FALSE;
 }
 WideCharToMultiByte(CP_OEMCP,NULL,lpcwszStr,-1,lpszStr,dwSize,NULL,FALSE);
 return TRUE;
 }
 
 
 使用方法也很简单,示例如下:
 wchar_t wText[10] = {L"函数示例"};
 char sText[20]= {0};
 WCharToMByte(wText,sText,sizeof(sText)/sizeof(sText[0]));
 MByteToWChar(sText,wText,sizeof(wText)/sizeof(wText[0])); 

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