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Java 对象集合数据导出到Excel

标签: javaexcelListPOI反射
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导出类


package test;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.UUID;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFCell;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFRow;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFSheet;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFWorkbook;
import org.apache.poi.ss.util.CellRangeAddress;

/***
 * 导出List<Object>数据到excel(最多可导出65535行)
 * @author user
 */
public final class ExportExcel {

  /***
   * 构造方法
   */
  private ExportExcel() {

  }

  /***
   * 工作簿
   */
  private static HSSFWorkbook workbook;

  /***
   * sheet
   */
  private static HSSFSheet sheet;
 /***
   * 标题行开始位置
   */
  private static final int TITLE_START_POSITION = 0;

  /***
   * 时间行开始位置
   */
  private static final int DATEHEAD_START_POSITION = 1;

  /***
   * 表头行开始位置
   */
  private static final int HEAD_START_POSITION = 2;

  /***
   * 文本行开始位置
   */
  private static final int CONTENT_START_POSITION = 3;


  /**
   * 
   * @param dataList
   *        对象集合
   * @param titleMap
   *        表头信息(对象属性名称->要显示的标题值)[按顺序添加]
   * @param sheetName
   *        sheet名称和表头值
   */
  public static void excelExport(List<?> dataList, Map<String, String> titleMap, String sheetName) {
    // 初始化workbook
    initHSSFWorkbook(sheetName);
    // 标题行
    createTitleRow(titleMap, sheetName);
    // 时间行
    createDateHeadRow(titleMap);
    // 表头行
    createHeadRow(titleMap);
    // 文本行
    createContentRow(dataList, titleMap);
    //设置自动伸缩
    //autoSizeColumn(titleMap.size());
    // 写入处理结果
    try {
      //生成UUID文件名称
      UUID uuid = UUID.randomUUID();
      String filedisplay = uuid + ".xls";
      //如果web项目,1、设置下载框的弹出(设置response相关参数);2、通过httpservletresponse.getOutputStream()获取
      OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream("D:\\" + filedisplay);
      workbook.write(out);
      out.close();
    }
    catch (Exception e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }

  /***
   * 
   * @param sheetName
   *        sheetName
   */
  private static void initHSSFWorkbook(String sheetName) {
    workbook = new HSSFWorkbook();
    sheet = workbook.createSheet(sheetName);
  }

  /**
   * 生成标题(第零行创建)
   * @param titleMap 对象属性名称->表头显示名称
   * @param sheetName sheet名称
   */
  private static void createTitleRow(Map<String, String> titleMap, String sheetName) {
    CellRangeAddress titleRange = new CellRangeAddress(0, 0, 0, titleMap.size() - 1);
    sheet.addMergedRegion(titleRange);
    HSSFRow titleRow = sheet.createRow(TITLE_START_POSITION);
    HSSFCell titleCell = titleRow.createCell(0);
    titleCell.setCellValue(sheetName);
  }

  /**
   * 创建时间行(第一行创建)
   * @param titleMap 对象属性名称->表头显示名称
   */
  private static void createDateHeadRow(Map<String, String> titleMap) {
    CellRangeAddress dateRange = new CellRangeAddress(1, 1, 0, titleMap.size() - 1);
    sheet.addMergedRegion(dateRange);
    HSSFRow dateRow = sheet.createRow(DATEHEAD_START_POSITION);
    HSSFCell dateCell = dateRow.createCell(0);   
    dateCell.setCellValue(new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy年MM月dd日").format(new Date()));
  }

  /**
   * 创建表头行(第二行创建)
   * @param titleMap 对象属性名称->表头显示名称
   */
  private static void createHeadRow(Map<String, String> titleMap) {
    // 第1行创建
    HSSFRow headRow = sheet.createRow(HEAD_START_POSITION);
    int i = 0;
    for (String entry : titleMap.keySet()) {
      HSSFCell headCell = headRow.createCell(i);
      headCell.setCellValue(titleMap.get(entry));
      i++;
    }
  }

 /**
  * 
  * @param dataList 对象数据集合
  * @param titleMap 表头信息
  */
  private static void createContentRow(List<?> dataList, Map<String, String> titleMap) {
    try {
      int i=0;
      for (Object obj : dataList) {
        HSSFRow textRow = sheet.createRow(CONTENT_START_POSITION + i);
        int j = 0;
        for (String entry : titleMap.keySet()) {
          String method = "get" + entry.substring(0, 1).toUpperCase() + entry.substring(1);
          Method m = obj.getClass().getMethod(method, null);
          String value =   m.invoke(obj, null).toString();
          HSSFCell textcell = textRow.createCell(j);
          textcell.setCellValue(value);
          j++;
        }
        i++;
      }

    }
    catch (Exception e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }
  /**
   * 自动伸缩列(如非必要,请勿打开此方法,耗内存)
   * @param size 列数
   */
  private static void autoSizeColumn(Integer size) { 
    for (int j = 0; j < size; j++) {
      sheet.autoSizeColumn(j);
    }
  }
}

测试代码

package test;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;


public class CustomerExportTest {

  /**
   * @param args
   */
  public static void main(String[] args) {

    /**模拟数据开始*/
    List<Employee> staffs = new ArrayList<Employee>();
    for (int i = 0; i < 65532; i++) {
      Employee staff = new Employee(i, i+"group", 1900+i, 12, 25, 2500+i);
      staffs.add(staff);
    }
    Map<String,String> titleMap = new LinkedHashMap<String,String>();
    titleMap.put("name", "姓名");
    titleMap.put("clazz", "组号");
    titleMap.put("year", "年份");
    titleMap.put("month", "月份");
    titleMap.put("day", "天");
    titleMap.put("salary", "薪资");
    String sheetName = "信息导出";
    /**模拟数据结束*/

    System.out.println("start导出");
    long start = System.currentTimeMillis();
    ExportExcel.excelExport(staffs, titleMap, sheetName);
    long end = System.currentTimeMillis();
    System.out.println("end导出");
    System.out.println("耗时:"+(end-start)+"ms");
  }

}

Employee类

package test;


public class Employee {

  private Integer name;

  private String clazz;

  private Integer year;

  private Integer month;

  private Integer day;

  private double salary;

  public Employee() {
  };

  public Employee(Integer name, String clazz, Integer year, Integer month, Integer day,
      double salary) {
    super();
    this.name = name;
    this.clazz = clazz;
    this.year = year;
    this.month = month;
    this.day = day;
    this.salary = salary;
  }

  /**
   * @return name
   */
  public Integer getName() {
    return name;
  }

  /**
   * @return year
   */
  public Integer getYear() {
    return year;
  }

  /**
   * @return month
   */
  public Integer getMonth() {
    return month;
  }

  /**
   * @return day
   */
  public Integer getDay() {
    return day;
  }

  /**
   * @return salary
   */
  public double getSalary() {
    return salary;
  }

  /**
   * @param name
   *        set name
   */
  public void setName(Integer name) {
    this.name = name;
  }

  /**
   * @param year
   *        set year
   */
  public void setYear(Integer year) {
    this.year = year;
  }

  /**
   * @param month
   *        set month
   */
  public void setMonth(Integer month) {
    this.month = month;
  }

  /**
   * @param day
   *        set day
   */
  public void setDay(Integer day) {
    this.day = day;
  }

  /**
   * @param salary
   *        set salary
   */
  public void setSalary(double salary) {
    this.salary = salary;
  }

  /**
   * @return clazz
   */
  public String getClazz() {
    return clazz;
  }

  /**
   * @param clazz
   *        set clazz
   */
  public void setClazz(String clazz) {
    this.clazz = clazz;
  }

  @Override
  public String toString() {
    return "Employee [name=" + name + ", clazz=" + clazz + ", year=" + year + ", month=" + month
        + ", day=" + day + ", salary=" + salary + "]";
  }

}

效果如下(6万条数据用时5s):
这里写图片描述

针对对象之间的组合关系,导出不适用,

例如Employee extends User,User Extends Person,此时如果需要导出person.user.employee.name,则不能用此导出,如需要可私信。

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