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NIO(JSR 51 NIO.1)的性能测试

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原来的io已经用新io重新实现过。对于读写文件,看到很多人都推荐使用new io,说什么速度快。我做一下测试。

本测试读写的文件的大小是2M字节多一点。

import java.io.BufferedOutputStream;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.RandomAccessFile;
import java.nio.MappedByteBuffer;
import java.nio.channels.Channels;
import java.nio.channels.FileChannel;
import java.nio.file.Paths;

/**
 * @ 测试结论:只要缓冲大小设置得当,使用旧io和基本类型写的IO是最快的。
 * @author jdgdf566
 */
public class NewMain {

    private static int commonIObuffer = 1024 * 32;

    /**
     * nio内存映射
     *
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static void mapChannel() throws IOException {
        FileInputStream in = new FileInputStream("Java NIO (JSR 51 NIO.1)中文版.pdf");
        long size = in.available();
        RandomAccessFile out = new RandomAccessFile(Double.toString(Math.random()), "rw");
        FileChannel inc = in.getChannel();
        MappedByteBuffer bf = inc.map(FileChannel.MapMode.READ_ONLY, 0, size);
        FileChannel outc = out.getChannel();
        MappedByteBuffer outbf = outc.map(FileChannel.MapMode.READ_WRITE, 0, size);
        outbf.put(bf);
        inc.close();
        outc.close();
        in.close();
        out.close();
    }

    /**
     * 原io
     *
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static void commonIO() throws Exception {
        NewMain.fileToStream("Java NIO (JSR 51 NIO.1)中文版.pdf", new FileOutputStream(Double.toString(Math.random())));
    }

    public static int fileToStream(String path, OutputStream out) throws Exception {

        int bufferSize = commonIObuffer;
        FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(path);
        //ba文件写入liu
        int dataSize = 0;
        int len;
        byte[] bs = new byte[bufferSize];
        while ((len = fis.read(bs)) != -1) {
            out.write(bs, 0, len);
            dataSize += len;
        }
        out.flush();
        return dataSize;
    }

    /**
     * nio
     *
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static void channel_transferTo() throws Exception {
        String path = "F:\\NetBeansProjects\\JavaApplicationTest\\src\\Java NIO (JSR 51 NIO.1)中文版.pdf";
        //String outpath = "F:\\NetBeansProjects\\JavaApplicationTest\\src/0.2974592999005251";
        FileChannel fileChannel = FileChannel.open(Paths.get(path));
        fileChannel.transferTo(0, fileChannel.size(), Channels.newChannel(new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(Double.toString(Math.random())), commonIObuffer)));
    }

    /**
     * @param args the command line arguments
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        // TODO code application logic here
        long t1 = System.currentTimeMillis();
        //NewMain.mapChannel();
        //NewMain.commonIO();
        //NewMain.channel_transferTo();

        long t2 = System.currentTimeMillis();
        System.out.println(t2 - t1);
    }
}

测试结论:只要缓冲大小设置得当,使用旧io和基本类型写的IO是最快的。

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