支持post,get请求(http,https)的HttpClientUtils

原创 2017年07月06日 22:06:17

支持post,get请求(http,https)的HttpClientUtils
调用不同的接口,受不同协议,以及不同请求方式影响,总结的一个简洁的HttpClientUtils工具类。
转载请注明出处http://blog.csdn.net/jdjh1024
有更好的实现方式以及补充也可联系博主,学无止境,相互切磋。

package com.lilin.utils;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.SocketTimeoutException;
import java.security.GeneralSecurityException;
import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;
import java.util.Set;

import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLException;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSession;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocket;

import org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils;
import org.apache.commons.lang.StringUtils;
import org.apache.http.Consts;
import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.NameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
import org.apache.http.client.config.RequestConfig;
import org.apache.http.client.config.RequestConfig.Builder;
import org.apache.http.client.entity.UrlEncodedFormEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.conn.ConnectTimeoutException;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLConnectionSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLContextBuilder;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.TrustStrategy;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.X509HostnameVerifier;
import org.apache.http.entity.ContentType;
import org.apache.http.entity.StringEntity;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.impl.conn.PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager;
import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair;

/**
 * 
 * @author lilin
 *
 */
public class HttpClientUtils {

    public static final int connTimeout = 10000;
    public static final int readTimeout = 10000;
    public static final String charset = "UTF-8";
    private static HttpClient client = null;

    static {
        // 创建连接池
        // 降低延迟:如果不采用连接池,每次连接发起Http请求的时候都会重新建立TCP连接(经历3次握手),用完就会关闭连接(4次挥手),如果采用连接池则减少了这部分时间损耗,别小看这几次握手,本人经过测试发现,基本上3倍的时间延迟
        // 支持更大的并发:如果不采用连接池,每次连接都会打开一个端口,在大并发的情况下系统的端口资源很快就会被用完,导致无法建立新的连接
        PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager cm = new PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager();
        // 设置整个连接池最大连接数 根据自己的场景决定
        cm.setMaxTotal(127);
        // 设置每个路由上的默认连接个数
        cm.setDefaultMaxPerRoute(127);
        client = HttpClients.custom().setConnectionManager(cm).build();
    }

    /**
     * 创建 SSL连接
     * 
     * @return
     * @throws GeneralSecurityException
     */
    private static CloseableHttpClient createSSLInsecureClient() throws GeneralSecurityException {
        try {
            SSLContext sslContext = new SSLContextBuilder().loadTrustMaterial(null, new TrustStrategy() {
                public boolean isTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
                    return true;
                }
            }).build();

            SSLConnectionSocketFactory sslsf = new SSLConnectionSocketFactory(sslContext, new X509HostnameVerifier() {

                @Override
                public boolean verify(String arg0, SSLSession arg1) {
                    return true;
                }

                @Override
                public void verify(String host, SSLSocket ssl) throws IOException {
                }

                @Override
                public void verify(String host, X509Certificate cert) throws SSLException {
                }

                @Override
                public void verify(String host, String[] cns, String[] subjectAlts) throws SSLException {
                }

            });

            return HttpClients.custom().setSSLSocketFactory(sslsf).build();

        } catch (GeneralSecurityException e) {
            throw e;
        }
    }

    public static String get(String url) throws Exception {
        return get(url, charset, null, null);
    }

    public static String get(String url, String charset) throws Exception {
        return get(url, charset, connTimeout, readTimeout);
    }

    public static String postParameters(String url, String parameterStr)
            throws ConnectTimeoutException, SocketTimeoutException, Exception {
        return post(url, parameterStr, "application/x-www-form-urlencoded", charset, connTimeout, readTimeout);
    }

    public static String postParameters(String url, String parameterStr, String charset, Integer connTimeout,
            Integer readTimeout) throws ConnectTimeoutException, SocketTimeoutException, Exception {
        return post(url, parameterStr, "application/x-www-form-urlencoded", charset, connTimeout, readTimeout);
    }

    /**
     * 发送一个 GET 请求
     * 
     * @param url
     * @param charset
     * @param connTimeout
     *            建立链接超时时间,毫秒.
     * @param readTimeout
     *            响应超时时间,毫秒.
     * @return
     * @throws ConnectTimeoutException
     *             建立链接超时
     * @throws SocketTimeoutException
     *             响应超时
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String get(String url, String charset, Integer connTimeout, Integer readTimeout)
            throws ConnectTimeoutException, SocketTimeoutException, Exception {

        HttpClient client = null;
        HttpGet get = new HttpGet(url);
        String result = "";
        try {
            // 设置参数
            Builder customReqConf = RequestConfig.custom();
            if (connTimeout != null) {
                customReqConf.setConnectTimeout(connTimeout);
            }
            if (readTimeout != null) {
                customReqConf.setSocketTimeout(readTimeout);
            }
            get.setConfig(customReqConf.build());

            HttpResponse res = null;

            if (url.startsWith("https")) {
                // 执行 Https 请求.
                client = createSSLInsecureClient();
                res = client.execute(get);
            } else {
                // 执行 Http 请求.
                client = HttpClientUtils.client;
                res = client.execute(get);
            }

            result = IOUtils.toString(res.getEntity().getContent(), charset);

        } finally {
            get.releaseConnection();
            if (url.startsWith("https") && client != null && client instanceof CloseableHttpClient) {
                ((CloseableHttpClient) client).close();
            }
        }
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 发送一个 Post 请求, 使用指定的字符集编码.
     * 
     * @param url
     * @param body
     *            RequestBody
     * @param mimeType
     *            例如 application/xml "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"
     *            a=1&b=2&c=3
     * @param charset
     *            编码
     * @param connTimeout
     *            建立链接超时时间,毫秒.
     * @param readTimeout
     *            响应超时时间,毫秒.
     * @return ResponseBody, 使用指定的字符集编码.
     * @throws ConnectTimeoutException
     *             建立链接超时异常
     * @throws SocketTimeoutException
     *             响应超时
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String post(String url, String body, String mimeType, String charset, Integer connTimeout,
            Integer readTimeout) throws ConnectTimeoutException, SocketTimeoutException, Exception {
        HttpClient client = null;
        HttpPost post = new HttpPost(url);
        String result = "";
        try {
            if (StringUtils.isNotBlank(body)) {
                HttpEntity entity = new StringEntity(body, ContentType.create(mimeType, charset));
                post.setEntity(entity);
            }
            // 设置参数
            Builder customReqConf = RequestConfig.custom();
            if (connTimeout != null) {
                customReqConf.setConnectTimeout(connTimeout);
            }
            if (readTimeout != null) {
                customReqConf.setSocketTimeout(readTimeout);
            }
            post.setConfig(customReqConf.build());

            HttpResponse res;
            if (url.startsWith("https")) {
                // 执行 Https 请求.
                client = createSSLInsecureClient();
                res = client.execute(post);
            } else {
                // 执行 Http 请求.
                client = HttpClientUtils.client;
                res = client.execute(post);
            }
            result = IOUtils.toString(res.getEntity().getContent(), charset);
        } finally {
            post.releaseConnection();
            if (url.startsWith("https") && client != null && client instanceof CloseableHttpClient) {
                ((CloseableHttpClient) client).close();
            }
        }
        return result;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            String str = get("http://www.csdn.net");
            System.out.println(str);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

}
版权声明:本文为博主原创,转载请注明出处(http://blog.csdn.net/jdjh1024).

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