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Kettle TableInput 将从前一步骤获取参数整合到数据流中

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开源ETL工具Kettle transformation中的tableInput步骤无法将上一步骤中参数添加到inputTable 输出流中。但是有时需要上一步骤中的数据,这种情况下就很难处理了。

1 测试环境

Kettle 版本 5.0
数据库 Oracle 11g R2
Eclipse

2 第一种方式处理

这里写图片描述

如上图所示,采用记录关联步骤,实现前一步骤和tableInput步骤数据流整合在一起,但是这样处理一个局限性,就是tableInput步骤前一步骤查询的结果值有且只有一行时,数据流才是正确,因为这个方式采用了笛卡尔积进行数据关联。

3 第二种方式处理

对tableInput步骤进行改进,使其能够将前一步骤的参数输入流整合到tableInput步骤的输出流中。为了改进tableInput步骤,构建Kettle代码开发调试环境,如下图所示:

这里写图片描述

在engine/src代码目录中可以找到tableInput步骤相关代码,当然为了避免直接修改Kettle源代码,一般在plugins下作为插件开发,源代码不做过多描述。如下图所示:

这里写图片描述
将kettle源代码,复制到plugins下,并重新命名package以及代码中的依赖关系
这里写图片描述
1、TableInputData增加两个新的变量

public class TableInputData extends BaseStepData implements StepDataInterface {

    public Object[]         nextrow;
    public Object[]         thisrow;
    public Database         db;
    public ResultSet        rs;
    public String           lookupStep;
    public RowMetaInterface rowMeta;
    public RowMetaInterface newrowMeta;//扩展后字段元信息
    public Object[]         newthisrow;//扩展后字段值信息
    public RowSet           rowSet;
    public boolean          isCanceled;
    public StreamInterface  infoStream;
    public TableInputData() {
        super ();
        db = null;
        thisrow = null;
        nextrow = null;
        newthisrow= null;
        rs = null;
        lookupStep = null;
    }

}

TableInput.java

public boolean processRow(StepMetaInterface smi,StepDataInterface sdi) throws KettleException{
        if (first) // we just got started
        {
            Object[] parameters;
            RowMetaInterface parametersMeta;
            first = false;

            // Make sure we read data from source steps...
            if (data.infoStream.getStepMeta () != null) {
                if (meta.isExecuteEachInputRow ()) {
                    if (log.isDetailed ()) logDetailed ("Reading single row from stream [" + data.infoStream.getStepname () + "]");
                    data.rowSet = findInputRowSet (data.infoStream.getStepname ());
                    if (data.rowSet == null) { throw new KettleException ("Unable to find rowset to read from, perhaps step [" + data.infoStream.getStepname () + "] doesn't exist. (or perhaps you are trying a preview?)"); }
                    parameters = getRowFrom (data.rowSet);
                    parametersMeta = data.rowSet.getRowMeta ();
                } else {
                    if (log.isDetailed ()) logDetailed ("Reading query parameters from stream [" + data.infoStream.getStepname () + "]");
                    RowMetaAndData rmad = readStartDate (); // Read values in lookup table (look)
                    parameters = rmad.getData ();
                    parametersMeta = rmad.getRowMeta ();
                }
                if (parameters != null) {
                    if (log.isDetailed ()) logDetailed ("Query parameters found = " + parametersMeta.getString (parameters));
                }
            } else {
                parameters = new Object[] {};
                parametersMeta = new RowMeta ();
            }

            if (meta.isExecuteEachInputRow () && (parameters == null || parametersMeta.size () == 0)) {
                setOutputDone (); // signal end to receiver(s)
                return false; // stop immediately, nothing to do here.
            }

            boolean success = doQuery (parametersMeta, parameters);
            if (!success) { return false; }
        } else {
            if (data.thisrow != null) // We can expect more rows
            {
                data.nextrow = data.db.getRow (data.rs, meta.isLazyConversionActive ());
                if (data.nextrow != null) incrementLinesInput ();
            }
        }

        if (data.thisrow == null) // Finished reading?
        {
            boolean done = false;
            if (meta.isExecuteEachInputRow ()) // Try to get another row from the input stream
            {
                Object[] nextRow = getRowFrom (data.rowSet);
                if (nextRow == null) // Nothing more to get!
                {
                    done = true;
                } else {
                    // First close the previous query, otherwise we run out of cursors!
                    closePreviousQuery ();

                    boolean success = doQuery (data.rowSet.getRowMeta (), nextRow); // OK, perform a new query
                    if (!success) { return false; }

                    if (data.thisrow != null) {
                        //tableinput步骤输出扩展后的字段信息和数据流
                        putRow (data.newrowMeta, data.newthisrow); // fill the rowset(s). (wait for empty)
                        data.thisrow = data.nextrow;

                        if (checkFeedback (getLinesInput ())) {
                            if (log.isBasic ()) logBasic ("linenr " + getLinesInput ());
                        }
                    }
                }
            } else {
                done = true;
            }

            if (done) {
                setOutputDone (); // signal end to receiver(s)
                return false; // end of data or error.
            }
        } else {
          //tableinput步骤输出扩展后的字段信息和数据流
            putRow (data.newrowMeta, data.newthisrow); // fill the rowset(s). (wait for empty)
            data.thisrow = data.nextrow;

            if (checkFeedback (getLinesInput ())) {
                if (log.isBasic ()) logBasic ("linenr " + getLinesInput ());
            }
        }

        return true;
    }

    private boolean doQuery(RowMetaInterface parametersMeta,Object[] parameters) throws KettleDatabaseException{
        boolean success = true;

        // Open the query with the optional parameters received from the source steps.
        String sql = null;
        if (meta.isVariableReplacementActive ()) sql = environmentSubstitute (meta.getSQL ());
        else sql = meta.getSQL ();

        if (log.isDetailed ()) logDetailed ("SQL query : " + sql);
        if (parametersMeta.isEmpty ()) {
            data.rs = data.db.openQuery (sql, null, null, ResultSet.FETCH_FORWARD, meta.isLazyConversionActive ());
        } else {
            data.rs = data.db.openQuery (sql, parametersMeta, parameters, ResultSet.FETCH_FORWARD, meta.isLazyConversionActive ());
        }
        if (data.rs == null) {
            logError ("Couldn't open Query [" + sql + "]");
            setErrors (1);
            stopAll ();
            success = false;
        } else {
            // Keep the metadata
            data.rowMeta = data.db.getReturnRowMeta ();

            // Set the origin on the row metadata...
            if (data.rowMeta != null) {
                for ( ValueMetaInterface valueMeta : data.rowMeta.getValueMetaList () ) {
                    valueMeta.setOrigin (getStepname ());
                }
            }

            // Get the first row...
            data.thisrow = data.db.getRow (data.rs);

            if (data.thisrow != null) {
                incrementLinesInput ();
                data.nextrow = data.db.getRow (data.rs);
                if (data.nextrow != null) incrementLinesInput ();
            }
            // 若参数不为空,将参数字段元信息和数据扩展的新的变量中
            if (!parametersMeta.isEmpty ()) {
                // 重新分配数据存储数组大小,并将值添加到tableinput步骤数据流末尾
                data.newthisrow = RowDataUtil.allocateRowData (data.rowMeta.size () + parameters.length + 2);
                System.arraycopy (data.thisrow, 0, data.newthisrow, 0, data.rowMeta.size ());
                //将参数元信息,加入到tableinput步骤输出字段信息末尾
                data.newrowMeta = data.rowMeta.clone ();
                int len = data.rowMeta.size ();
                for ( int i = 0 ; i < parametersMeta.size () ; i++ )
                    data.newthisrow[len + i] = parameters[i];
                data.newrowMeta.addRowMeta (parametersMeta);
            }else{//若是不存在参数,不行扩容处理
                data.newrowMeta = data.rowMeta.clone ();
                data.newthisrow = data.thisrow.clone ();
            }
        }
        return success;
    }

改进代码完毕后,进行代码测试。在kettle-steps.xml配置插件信息后启动Spoon.java
这里写图片描述
这里写图片描述

运行结果如下图所示:

这里写图片描述

作者 @zokaper
2016 年 01 月 17日

声明:因时间精力的原因,一般会只写一下提纲内容慢慢写,若有你刚兴趣的地方,请留言…

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