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springmvc+spring配置

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这是我在实际开发中的配置,现将其中的关于springmvc与spring搭建javaweb环境总结以下供自己与大家参考。

先说一下web.xml的配置

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd"
         version="3.0">
    <display-name>emp-web</display-name>

    <!-- 声明Spring配置文件位置 -->
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:spring.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>

    <!-- 使用 Listener加载Spring配置文件 -->
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>

    <!-- 声明Spring配置编码 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>characterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>characterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <!-- 配置springmvc主控servlet -->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>kb-web</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath*:springmvc.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>kb-web</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

</web-app>

接下来该说spring的配置了

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xsi:schemaLocation="
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx   http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.2.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.2.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.2.xsd">
<!-- 数据库连接池与properties文件的引入省略 -->

    <!-- <context:annotation-config /> -->
    <!-- 使用 annotation 自动扫描注册bean,并检查@Controller, @Service, @Repository注解已被注入,也可以分开注释,或者固定某个目录下 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="org.emp">
        <!-- 不扫描 Controller, springmvc 会扫描 -->
        <context:exclude-filter type="annotation"
                                expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller" />
    </context:component-scan>

</beans>

最后轮到springmvc了

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.2.xsd
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.2.xsd">

    <!-- 自动扫描该包,使SpringMVC认为包下用了@controller注解的类是控制器 -->
    <context:component-scan
            base-package="org.emp">
        <!-- 这里只扫描Controller -->
        <context:include-filter type="annotation"
                                expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller" />
    </context:component-scan>

    <!-- 启动SpringMVC的注解功能,完成请求和注解POJO的映射 -->
    <!-- 默认的注解映射的支持 会自动注册DefaultAnnotationHandlerMapping与AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter
        两个bean -->
    <mvc:annotation-driven />

    <!-- 定义跳转的文件的前后缀 ,视图模式配置 -->
    <bean
            class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <!-- 这里的配置我的理解是自动给后面action的方法return的字符串加上前缀和后缀,变成一个 可用的url地址 -->
        <property name="prefix" value="/" />
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
        <property name="order" value="1" />
    </bean>


    <!-- 文件上传 -->
    <bean id="multipartResolver"
          class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver">
        <property name="defaultEncoding" value="utf-8"></property>
        <property name="maxUploadSize" value="10485760000"></property>
        <property name="maxInMemorySize" value="40960"></property>
    </bean>

    <!-- 支持Json -->
    <bean
            class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.annotation.AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter">
        <property name="messageConverters">
            <list>
                <ref bean="mappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter" />
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="mappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter"
          class="org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter">
        <property name="supportedMediaTypes">
            <list>
                <value>application/json;charset=UTF-8</value>
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <!-- 处理静态资源 -->
    <mvc:default-servlet-handler />

    <!-- 控制器异常处理 -->
    <bean id="exceptionHandlerExceptionResolver"
          class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ExceptionHandlerExceptionResolver">
    </bean>

</beans>

如有雷同,切勿莫怪!!!

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