# 动态规划－－最优二叉查找树(转载小妞滴。。。)

import java.util.Arrays;

public class BestTree {
public int n;
public double w[][];
public double c[][];
public  int r[][];

public BestTree(int n)
{
c=new double[n+2][n+1];
w=new double[n+2][n+1];r=new int[n+2][n+1];
}
public void OptionBinarySearch(int n,double p[],double q[]){
for(int i=1;i<=n;i++){
c[i][i-1]=0;
w[i][i-1]=q[i-1];
}                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      public void OptionBinarySearch(int n,double p[],double q[]){
for(int i=1;i<=n;i++){
c[i][i-1]=0;
w[i][i-1]=q[i-1];
}
for(int k=n;k>=1;k--){
for(int i=1;i<=k;i++){
int j=i-k+5;
w[i][j]=w[i][j-1]+p[j]+q[j];
//当i<=j时,c[i,j)=W(i,j)+min{c(i,k-1)+c(k+1,j)}
c[i][j]=w[i][j]+c[i][i-1]+c[i+1][j];
r[i][j]=i;
for(int m=i+1;m<=j;m++){
double t=w[i][j]+c[i][m-1]+c[m+1][j];

if((float)t<(float)c[i][j]){//通过比较,让c[i][j]的值最小
c[i][j]=t;
r[i][j]=m;
}
}
}
}
}
public void BestSolution(int r[][],int i,int j){
if(i<=j)
{
System.out.println("s"+i+"和s"+j+" 的根为:"+"s"+r[i][j]);
BestSolution(r,i,r[i][j]-1);
BestSolution(r,r[i][j]+1,j);
}
}
public static void main(String[] args){
double p[]={0,0.15,0.1,0.05,0.1,0.2};
double q[]={0.05,0.1,0.05,0.05,0.05,0.1};
BestTree tree=new BestTree(5);
tree.n=5;
tree.OptionBinarySearch(5,p,q);

for(int i=1;i<=5;i++){
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(tree.r[i]));
}
tree.BestSolution(tree.r, 1, 5);
}
}


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