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Edit Distance

标签: dynamic programEdit distance
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原题:

Given two words word1 and word2, find the minimum number of steps required to convert word1 to word2. (each operation is counted as 1 step.)

You have the following 3 operations permitted on a word:

a) Insert a character
b) Delete a character
c) Replace a character

解:

  1. Replace word1[i - 1] by word2[j - 1] (dp[i][j] = dp[i - 1][j - 1] + 1 (for replacement));
  2. Delete word1[i - 1] and word1[0..i - 2] = word2[0..j - 1] (dp[i][j] = dp[i - 1][j] + 1 (for deletion));
  3. Insert word2[j - 1] to word1[0..i - 1] and word1[0..i - 1] + word2[j - 1] = word2[0..j - 1] (dp[i][j] = dp[i][j - 1] + 1 (for insertion)).
公式:


算法理解起来其实很简单,将dp表示的矩阵花一遍就理解了


int minDistance(string word1, string word2) { 
        int m = word1.length(), n = word2.length();
        vector<vector<int> > dp(m + 1, vector<int> (n + 1, 0));
        for (int i = 1; i <= m; i++)
            dp[i][0] = i;
        for (int j = 1; j <= n; j++)
            dp[0][j] = j;  
        for (int i = 1; i <= m; i++) {
            for (int j = 1; j <= n; j++) {
                if (word1[i - 1] == word2[j - 1]) 
                    dp[i][j] = dp[i - 1][j - 1];
                else dp[i][j] = min(dp[i - 1][j - 1] + 1, min(dp[i][j - 1] + 1, dp[i - 1][j] + 1));
            }
        }
        return dp[m][n];
    }
解法来自leetcode



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