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HDU ACM 1009 FatMouse' Trade

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原题描述

Problem Description

FatMouse prepared M pounds of cat food, ready to trade with the cats guarding the warehouse containing his favorite food, JavaBean.
The warehouse has N rooms. The i-th room contains J[i] pounds of JavaBeans and requires F[i] pounds of cat food. FatMouse does not have to trade for all the JavaBeans in the room, instead, he may get J[i]* a% pounds of JavaBeans if he pays F[i]* a% pounds of cat food. Here a is a real number. Now he is assigning this homework to you: tell him the maximum amount of JavaBeans he can obtain.

Input

The input consists of multiple test cases. Each test case begins with a line containing two non-negative integers M and N. Then N lines follow, each contains two non-negative integers J[i] and F[i] respectively. The last test case is followed by two -1’s. All integers are not greater than 1000.

Output

For each test case, print in a single line a real number accurate up to 3 decimal places, which is the maximum amount of JavaBeans that FatMouse can obtain.

Sample Input

5 3
7 2
4 3
5 2
20 3
25 18
24 15
15 10
-1 -1

Sample Output

13.333
31.500

解题思路

题意:胖老鼠准备了一些猫粮,想与猫交换房间里的JavaBean。
有很多房间,每个房间中有J JavaBean,需要F 猫粮来换。

按照单价从大到小将房间排序,枚举,累加出结果。

参考代码

#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <iomanip>      // C++设定输出小数点后位数
using namespace std;

struct room
{
    int j, f;
}R[1001];
bool cmp(room a,room b)
{
    return (double)a.j / (double)a.f > (double)b.j / (double)b.f ? true : false;
}
int main()
{
    int m, n, k;
    double cf, ans;
    while (cin >> m >> n, m != -1 && n != -1)
    {
        k = 0;
        ans = 0.0;
        for (int i = 0; i < n;i++)
        {
            cin >> R[i].j >> R[i].f;
        }
        sort(R, R + n, cmp);
        cf = (double)m;
        while (m > 0 && k < n)
        {
            if (m <= R[k].f)
            {
                ans += (double)R[k].j / (double)R[k].f * m;
                break;
            }
            else
            {
                m -= R[k].f;
                ans += (double)R[k].j;
                k++;
            }
        }
        cout << setprecision(3) << fixed << ans << endl;
    }
}
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