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warp a callback-base C library with qt signal-slot mechanism

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http://chloerei.com/2010/04/11/111


warp a callback-base C library with qt signal-slot mechanism
Tags: Qt
Posted under 技术 by Rei on 四月 11th, 2010

Sometime we need to call some funtion from C library, etc. libpcap, libnids. But these C library is base on callback mechanism, how to let it work with qt signal-slot mechanism?

After some search, I found a way to wrap a callback-base C library using QThread and C++ singleton class. (refer to a page on qtcentre.org)

for example, wrap libnids. Libnids is an implementation of an E-component of Network Intrusion Detection System. It use callback to pass network packet info.

To wrap this library using Qt signal, there are some points:

1. Include C head file

When include a C head file in a C++ source, must extern it to “C”

File: nidsthread.cpp3
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5 extern "C"{
#include "nids.h"
}

2. Call C funtion in a new thread

If don’t call funtion from libnids in a new thread, it will block the main thread.

Qt provide thread by QThread, so I create a class named NidsThread inherit QThread.

File: nidsthread.h7
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19 class NidsThread : public QThread
{
Q_OBJECT
public:
NidsThread();
// init libnids in run(), it will execute in a new thread
void run();

private:
proxy pro;
// callback funtion must be static
static void callback(struct tcp_stream *a_tcp, void ** this_time_not_needed);
};


As if all nids funtion must be call in static class funtion, etc. init(), the callback funtion, exit(). (Actually I don’t know why, I hope someone tell me. : P)

Then call nids_init() in NidsThread::run, and register callback funtion.

File: nidsthread.cpp7
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20 void NidsThread::run()
{
if (!nids_init()) {
qDebug(nids_errbuf);
}
nids_register_tcp((void*)(callback));
nids_run();
}

void NidsThread::callback(struct tcp_stream *a_tcp, void ** this_time_not_needed)
{
// use Proxy to emit a signal for this callback funtion
Proxy::singleton()->callback();
}


The proxy class will be create later.
3. Create a Proxy class to emit signals

We can call nids funtion in a new Thread now, but qt can’t emit a signal without a object. So we need to create a proxy to emit signal.

At this example, I define a tcpCallback signal in the Proxy class, and a callback funtion to emit it.10
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22 class proxy : public QThread
{
Q_OBJECT
public:
Proxy();
// just use to emit a signal
void callback(struct tcp_stream *a_tcp){ emit tcpCallback(a_tcp);}
static Proxy* singleton();
signals:
void tcpCallback(struct tcp_stream *a_tcp);
private:
static Proxy *m_singleton;
};


And make it singleton1
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12 #include "proxy.h"

Proxy * Proxy::m_singleton = new Proxy();

Proxy::Proxy()
{
}

Proxy* Proxy::singleton()
{
return m_singleton;
}


Now we can get the proxy singleton by calling Proxy::singleton(), and connect it’s signal, witch will emit in NidsThread callback funtion.

Let the proxy singleton will reduce some code for pass object between two thread. (If know a better method, tell me)
4. Connect signal15
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19 MainWindow w;

NidsThread nid;
QObject::connect(Proxy::singleton(), SIGNAL(ipCallback()), &w, SLOT(parseCallback()));
nid.start();


At this example I didn’t pass the struct tcp_stream through signal. As if signal can only deliver Type registered in QMetaType. registered struct tcp_stream or pick-up the useful data from the struct and change to QMetaType … I don’t keep on. : P

a exmaple source. dependent Libnids
nidsproject.tar

 

 

 

 

 

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